As we, all know that our Prime Minister Narendra Modi was on a visit to five-nation from 4th June to 9th June. He started his visit by visiting Afghanistan, followed by Qatar, Switzerland, The US and ended with Mexico. During the visits, he held high-level meetings with Afghan President- Ashraf Ghani, Amir of Qatar- Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani, President of Swiss federation- Johann Schneider-Ammann, US President- Barack Obama and Mexican President- Enrique Pena Nieto on a wide range of bilateral issues and matters of regional and global concern.
So it becomes very important to know the facts and figure of these visits not only in terms of exams but also as an Indian. We should know about the happening related to our country. So guys let’s know more about it.
1. Afghanistan visit :-
This was his 2nd trip to Afghanistan in the last six months. During his visit to the nation, he has inaugurated the Afghanistan-India Friendship Dam along with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani. The dam was earlier called as the Salma Dam, in Herat province which highlights India’s continued commitment to Afghanistan’s reconstruction and development. The project built by India at a cost 1700 crore rupees will irrigate 75 thousand hectares of land, generate 42-megawatt power and also supply drinking water to 620 villages. Afghan President Mr. Ghani conferred the highest civilian honour of Afghanistan, the Amir Amanullah Khan Award on Narendra Modi.
2. Qatar visit :-
The main agenda of Mr. Modi’s two days visit has dominated by energy deals and diaspora issues. This was the fourth country in the Gulf region that Modi has visited, after a visit to UAE last August, Saudi Arabia this April and Iran in May. It was the first visit by an Indian Prime Minister to Qatar in the last eight years after the then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s Doha visit in 2008. During his visit to this nation, both the countries have signed 7 agreements in various fields. Prime Minister as a rare and special gesture also shared the meal with workers at a medical camp in Doha.
The main agenda on this trip includes-
-Talks with Emir of Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al -Thani on a range of bilateral issues including ways to further boost economic ties, particularly in the hydrocarbon sector.
-Meeting with business leaders where the Prime Minister has talked to them about realising the full potential of India’s trade and investment cooperation to bring key investments into Indian sectors.
-Meet the father of the Emir after the two sides have signed agreements during the lunch hosted by the Emir.
The MoUs signed between India and Qatar :-
1. MoU between National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF), Ministry of Finance, Government of India and Qatar Investment Authority (QIA),
2. Agreement on Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Matters between the Government of Republic of India and Government of the State of Qatar,
3. MoU between Financial Intelligence Unit – India (FIU-IND) and the Qatar Financial Information Unit (QFIU) concerning cooperation in the exchange of intelligence related to money laundering, terrorism financing, and related crimes,
4. MoU between the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, the Government of Republic of India and the National Qualifications Authority/Supreme Education Council, Government of the State of Qatar for Cooperation in Skill Development and Recognition of Qualifications,
5. MoU on cooperation in Tourism between the Government of the Republic of India and Government of the State of Qatar,
6. MOU between India & Qatar for Cooperation in the field of Health the Government of the Republic of India and Government of the State of Qatar,
7. The First Executive Programme for MoU in the field of Youth and Sports between the Government of Republic of India and Government of the State of Qatar.
3. Switzerland visit :-
After Qatar, Mr. Modi has visited Switzerland. During the stay, Mr. Modi, and Swiss President Johann Schneider-Ammann have held the discussions on bilateral, regional and multilateral issues of mutual interest. The visit has also marked an impetus to the process of exchanging information on black money stashed in Swiss banks. The host country also agreed to help India in combating the menace of black money and tax evasion. The country agreed to build Swiss style vocational and educational training centres in India that suit India’s requirements. During his visit, Mr. Modi has also met with Indian scientists working at CERN in Geneva. Switzerland supported India’s membership in the 48-member Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). Switzerland agreed to provide mutual support to India for becoming non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council.
4. The United States :-
After Switzerland, Prime Minister Modi has reached at Washington, US, where he has held bilateral talks with US President Barack Obama. Then, he has gone to the Arlington National Cemetery for laying a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Solider and at Space Shuttle Columbia Memorial, where Indian-origin astronaut, Kalpana Chawla lost her life. Then later, He has met the heads of American think tanks and also attended a function involving the repatriation of cultural property, basically, Indian antiques that are in the US and will be sent back to India. He had also met with business leaders and address the US-India Business Council. Modi had also delivered an address to the joint meeting of the Congress, which became the high point of his trip there. He had also addressed a reception jointly hosted by the House and Senate Committees on Foreign Relations and the India Caucus.
The overall tour was also important for strategic and defence ties. The biggest takeaway was with the United States welcoming India entry into the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). The US also recognised India as an important strategic partner in defense which will give India access to better quality and dual-use technology. There was also forward movement on the proposal to set up six nuclear reactors in India. In a first, American companies will take part in the Make In India initiative. The CEO’s of top American companies talked about investing close to 45 billion dollars in India in the next 3 years after a meeting with Prime Minister Modi.
The Mous signed between India and The US:-
1. Arrangement between the Multi-Agency Centre/Intelligence Bureau of the Government of India and the Terrorist Screening Center of the Government of the United States of America for the exchange of Terrorist Screening Information,
2. Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Government of India and the Government of the United States of America to enhance cooperation on Energy Security, Clean Energy, and Climate Change,
3. Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Government of India and Government of the United States of America to enhance co-operation on Wildlife Conservation and Combating Wildlife Trafficking,
4. Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Consular, Passport and Visa Division of the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India and US Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security of the United States for the Development of an International Expedited Traveler Initiative (the Global Entry Programme),
5. Technical Arrangement between the Indian Navy and the United States Navy concerning Unclassified Maritime Information Sharing,
6. Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India and the Department of Energy of the United States of America for Cooperation in Gas Hydrates.
Also, India and The US finalized two agreements:
1. Information Exchange Annex (IEA) between the Ministry of Defence, Government of India and the Department of Defense of the United States of America to the Master Information Exchange Agreement concerning Aircraft Carrier Technologies.
2. Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement between the Ministry of Defence, Government of India and the Department of Defense of the United States of America.
5. Mexico visit :-
This was the last stop of his five-nation tour. Mr. Modi has visited this country on the invitation of Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto. This was the first time an Indian Prime Minister had visited Mexico. During the meeting in Mexico, President Nieto and PM Modi have recognised the opportunities to define the path of the India-Mexico Privileged Partnership for the 21st Century that allows the growth of bilateral relations in economic field, in science and technology and in the most important issues of the global agenda reflecting a broad convergence of long-term political, economic and strategic goals. After Switzerland and the US, Mexico has supported India’s membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group or NSG, a 48-member club of nations that control trade in advanced nuclear technologies.
In all Prime Minister Modi took part in more than 40 programs in 6 days while touring 5 nations. Flagship programs like Make In India, Skill India, and Digital India got a boost during this trip. While India achieved a lot with this tour Prime Minister Modi too left his mark taking the message that India is a power to reckon with on the global stage. The biggest take away from the Prime Ministers Modi’s tour is support from these 3 countries for a place for India in the NSG that is the Nuclear Suppliers Group.