India, Afghanistan And Iran Finalize Draft Of Chabahar Trilateral Agreement

India, Afghanistan and Iran have finalized draft of the Chabahar Trilateral Agreement on Transport and Transit Corridors. The agreement was finalized at the 2nd meeting of experts from the three counties in New Delhi. The agreement will be signed after completing necessary internal procedures in the three countries.

This was a very tight matter for Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s diplomacy as it involved two rival Islamic nations, both rich in energy resources. The Agreement envisions trilateral cooperation for providing alternative access to seas to Afghanistan, inter alia for Afghanistan’s trade with India. The 3 countries have also agreed to establish a sub-committee within the framework of the agreement in order to provide protocols for transit, ports, customs issues and well as consular affairs.

When this agreement will come into force it will facilitate better regional connectivity including between India and connections to Afghanistan and Central Asia. It will enhance the utilization of the Chabahar port and will also contribute to economic growth of landlocked Afghanistan. 

And if we talk about the benefits for India, than Indian firms will lease two existing berths at the Chabahar Port and operationalize them as container and multi-purpose cargo terminals. It will also help India to save transportation costs as it will be used to ship crude oil and urea. India will get sea-land access route to Afghanistan bypassing PakistanThus it will open opportunities for Indian companies to explore Afghanistan’s mineral wealth for mutual benefit.
The first meeting of this trilateral agreement held in Tehran in September 2015. In that meeting MoU was signed by Minister for Shipping and Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari and his Iranian counterpart Minister for Transport and Urban Development Abbas Ahmad Akhoundi in Tehran, Iran.

Extra Info :
The Port of Chabahar (or Chah Bahar) is a seaport in Chah Bahar in southeastern Iran. Its location lies in the Gulf of Oman. It is the only Iranian port with direct access to the ocean. The port was partially built by India in the 1990s to provide access to Afghanistan and Central Asia, bypassing Pakistan.
So now let’s discuss some questions related to this article :
1. Name the three countries which have finalized the draft for the Chabahar Agreement ?
2. The second meeting for finalizing the draft of Chabahar agreement has been held at which place ?
3. Chabahar port is located in which country ?

Courtesy : The Diplomat


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