In 2016 World Press Freedom Index (WPFI), India ranked 133 out of 180 countries. The index is based on the worldwide survey in terms of press freedom for the year 2015. The Index was published by France based international non-governmental organization Reporters Without Borders (RWB) or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF).
The report is annually published by the RSF since 2002 and aims to promote and defend freedom of information and freedom of the press. The index ranks the performance of countries according to index calculated based upon various parameters. Some of these parameters include media pluralism and independence, respect for the safety and freedom of journalists, and the legislative, institutional and infrastructural environment in which the media operate.
This time, India has come up by the 3 spots with a score of 43.17. As earlier in the year 2015, India ranked 136 out of 180 countries. The report shows that there has been a deep and disturbing decline in respect for media freedom at both the global and regional levels. The United States is ranked 44th and Russia is placed at the 148th place.
The index has been topped by Finland (1st) followed by the Netherlands (2nd), Norway (3rd), Denmark (4th) and New Zealand at fifth position. Finland with the score of 8.76 has retained its top spot for the sixth consecutive year. Among India’s neighboring countries, Pakistan ranks 147, Sri Lanka (141), Afghanistan (120), Bangladesh (144), Nepal (105) and Bhutan (94). China is ranked 176. At the bottom of the index lies Eritrea at 180th rank. It is preceded by North Korea, Turkmenistan, Syria and China at 179th, 178th, 177th and 176th position respectively.
There are many reasons for this decline in the freedom of information include the increasingly authoritarian tendencies of governments in countries such as Turkey and Egypt, tighter government control of state-owned media, even in some European countries such as Poland and security situations that have become more and more fraught in Libya and Burundi, for example, or that are completely disastrous, as in Yemen,” the report said.
Extra Info :
RSF secretary-general : Christophe Deloire
So let’s discuss some questions related to this post :
1. What is the rank of India on World Press Freedom Index ?
2. The World Press Freedom Index is published by which organization ?
3. Which country has topped in the World Press Freedom Index ?
Courtesy : PTI News