India has slipped four places to rank 112th globally as per the Global Gender Gap Report 2020. The report was released by World Economic Forum (WEF) headquartered at Geneva. Iceland has topped the report and remains the world’s most gender-neutral country while Yemen was ranked the worst (153rd) in the report. As per report, the most improved countries were Albania, Ethiopia, Mali, Mexico and Spain. Among regions, Western Europe has made the most progress on gender parity (standing at 76.7%).
As per WEF, the time it will take to close the gender gap has narrowed to 99.5 years in 2019 while the number was 108 years in 2018. WEF stated that this year’s improvement can largely be ascribed to a significant increase in the number of women in politics.
Insights of WEF’s Global Gender Gap Report:
The Global Gender Gap Report 2020 has assessed 153 countries on their progress towards gender parity in 4 dimensions:
- Economic Participation and Opportunity
- Educational Attainment
- Health and Survival
- Political Empowerment
The report also examines gender gap prospects in the professions of the future.
From World perspective:
- Political Representation: According to the report, it will take 95 years to close the gender gap in political representation, with women in 2019 holding 25.2% of parliamentary (lower-house) seats and 21.2% of ministerial positions.
- Labour Market: Only 55% of women (aged 15-64) are engaged in the labour market as opposed to 78% of men.
- Economic participation and opportunity: In this dimension, the progress has regressed with a deteriorating situation forcing gender parity to a lowly 57.8%, which in time represents a massive 257 years before gender parity can be achieved.
From India’s perspective:
With a score of 0.668, India has been ranked 112th in the WEF’s Global Gender Gap Report 2020.
India’s ranking in different dimensions:
- In terms of Economic participation and opportunity, India has been ranked 149th with a score of 0.354 in the WEF’s Global Gender Gap Report 2020.
- In terms of Educational attainment, India has been ranked 112th with a score of 0.962 in the WEF’s Global Gender Gap Report 2020.
- In terms of Health and survival, India has been ranked 150th with a score of 0.944 in the WEF’s Global Gender Gap Report 2020.
- In terms of Political empowerment, India has been ranked 18th with a score of 0.411 in the WEF’s Global Gender Gap Report 2020.
Overall around the world, this year’s index highlights areas where policy makers need to focus greater attention. At the federal level, greater political representation and in some nations, any representation at all for women is a pressing need. Policy makers are also required to take action to better equip younger generations particularly in developing nations with the skills to succeed in the world of future jobs.