It was adopted by the Indian Board for Wildlife in 2002. In order to review the implementation of the Action Plan and to suggest a new Plan of Action for Wildlife Conservation, the Ministry has constituted a Committee under the chairmanship of Shri J C Kala, Ex-DGF and Secretary to the Government of India. The Committee had convened several meetings and has drafted the National Wildlife Action Plan (2017-2031). The draft emphasizes on aspects like preservation of genetic diversity and sustainable utilization of species and ecosystem. It envisages on 17 key areas includes new area linking wildlife planning to climate change and Mitigation of human wildlife conflict, coastal and marine ecosystem conservationist focuses on wildlife health are among the key areas National Wildlife Action Plan – The first National Wildlife Action Plan was adopted in 1983. The second plan came into effect on 2002 remain to 2016 year end.
The National Wildlife Action Plan (NWAP) 2017-2031 unveiled by the environment ministry accords special emphasis to rehabilitation of threatened species of wildlife while conserving their habitats which include inland aquatic, coastal and marine eco-systems. The Ministry Of Environment Forest and Climate Change has been implementing the National Wildlife Action Plan.