May 1 is celebrated as ‘Maharashtra Day’ and ‘Gujarat Day’. In 1960, the Bombay Reorganization Act was passed by India’s Parliament to divide the multilingual state of Bombay into Gujarat and Maharashtra. The legislation came into effect on May 1, 1960.
The state of Bombay formerly comprised of speakers of different languages such as Marathi, Gujarati, Konkani, and Kutchi. During the mid-1950s, a movement known as the Samyukta Maharashtra Andolan started demanding a separate Marathi-speaking state while Mahagujarat Movement aimed at the formation of a state for Gujarati-speaking people. The movements ended with the creation of the Bombay Reorganization Act.
Source: India Today
Static/Current Takeaways Important for LIC AAO Exam:
- Maharashtra CM: Devendra Fadnavis, Governor: CH Vidyasagar Rao. Capital: Mumbai
- Gujarat CM: Vijay Rupani, Governor: Om Prakash Kohli. Capital: Gandhinagar.