Kisan Diwas (Farmer’s Day) is observed every year on 23 December to celebrate the birth anniversary of the fifth prime minister of India Chaudhary Charan Singh. He was the PM of India for a very short tenure starting from 28th of July 1979 until 14th January 1980. A kisan leader, Late Chaudhary Charan Singh belonged to a peasant family. This was the reason he could relate himself with the issues of the farmers and therefore, he did the best to support them.
When he became the Prime Minister of India in July 1979 he made many changes to improve the lives of the farmers. This is also an interesting fact that as the Prime Minister of India, Chaudhary Charan Singh never visited the Lok Sabha. He also served as the Deputy Prime Minister during the reign of Morarji Desai. He introduced Budget 1979 which was designed to accomplish the needs of the farmers in all respects. It had several policies in favor of Indian farmers.
The Zamindari Abolition Act was also introduced and enforced by him. He was an avid writer too and wrote down his thoughts on farmers and problems related to them along with the solutions. Chaudhary Charan Singh died on 29 May 1987. National Farmer’s Day is celebrated every year in all states and especially in those states which are actively engaged in farming and cultivation such as Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and others.
Static/Current Takeaways Important for IBPS Clerk Mains 2017 Exam-
The Top 10 states of India, ranked on the criterion of growth rate of agriculture Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) recorded by the respective states in the financial year 2012-13 as on 01.08.2014, were: Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh and Meghalaya. Thus, Madhya Pradesh had the highest growth rate of agriculture GSDP and was on the top rank amongst the various states of India.