The National Science Day is celebrated on 28 February each year in India to spread the message about the importance of science in the daily life of the people. On this day, Sir CV Raman had announced the discovery of the Raman Effect for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930. The government of India designated 28 February as National Science Day (NSD) in 1986.
The National Science Day theme for 2022: ‘Integrated Approach in S&T for Sustainable Future’. The day also commemorates the discovery of the Raman effect.
Significance of the day:
National Science Day is celebrated to raise awareness on the importance of science. Educational institutions celebrate National Science Day by organising public speeches, radio, TV, science movies, science exhibitions on themes and concepts, debates, quiz competitions, lectures and science model exhibitions.
- CV Raman, a gifted child, was born in 1888 in Thiruvanaikaval, Tiruchi, and completed his schooling in Visakhapatnam before enrolling in The Presidency College, which was part of the University of Madras, for a B.A. programme in 1903 when he was just 14 years old.
- While working in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science in Kolkata, physicist CV Raman discovered the Raman Effect.
- On February 28, 1928, Indian Scientist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman announced the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect.’
- CV Raman received the coveted Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery.
- To honour the renowned scientist, India has commemorated this day as National Science Day since 1987.
- In 1954, CV Raman was awarded the Bharat Ratna, which is the highest civilian honour in India.
- CV Raman was an expert in the field of light scattering and was always engaged in research.
- Professor Raman was a top student for most of his academic career, and he went on to make significant contributions to the fields of acoustics and optics.
- CV Raman was also a remarkable teacher, and in 1917 he was named the first Palit Professor of Physics at the Rajabazar Science College.