NITI Aayog has released the 2nd edition of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index. According to the SDG India Index, India’s composite score has improved from 57 in 2018 to 60 in 2019. India is the first country in the world with a government-led, sub-national measure of progress on Sustainable Development Goals.
The SDG India Index 2019 tracks progress of all States and UTs on 100 indicators drawn from the MoSPI’s National Indicator Framework (NIF). The SDG India Index has been developed in collaboration with the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), United Nations in India, and Global Green Growth Institute. The Index spans 16 out of 17 SDGs with a qualitative assessment on Goal 17. This marks an improvement over the 2018 Index, which covered only 13 goals.
A composite score has been computed in the range of 0–100 for each State/UT based on its aggregate performance across 16 SDGs. It indicates the average performance of every State/UT towards achieving 16 SDGs and their respective targets. If a State/UT achieves a score of 100, it signifies it has achieved the 2030 national targets.
Classification criteria based on SDG India Indexscore is as follows:
- Aspirant: having score in the range of 0–49.
- Performer: having score in the range of 50–64.
- Front Runner: having score in the range of 65–99.
- Achiever: having score in the range of 100.
Some key results of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index:
- Niti Aayog has given India an overall score of 60 points, driven mostly by progress in clean energy and sanitation (88); peace, justice and strong institutions (72); and affordable and clean energy (70).
- Kerala achieved the first rank in the composite SDG Index with a score of 70, followed by Himachal Pradesh at 69.
- Bihar is at the bottom of Niti Aayog’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index.
- The biggest improvers since 2018 are UP (which has moved from the 29th position to the 23rd), Orissa (23rd to 15th), and Sikkim (15th to 7th).
- All three states that were in the ‘Aspirant’ category (with score/s in the range of 0–49): Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Assam, have graduated to the ‘Performer’ category (50–64).
- Five states: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Goa, and Sikkim moved up from the ‘Performer’ category to the ‘Front Runner’ category (65–99).
- The maximum gains have been made in Goal 6 i.e. clean water and sanitation, Goal 9 i.e. industry, innovation, and infrastructure; and Goal 7 i.e. affordable and clean energy.
Important takeaways for all competitive exams:
- CEO of NITI Aayog: Amitabh Kant.
Source: The Press Information Bureau