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NPS Assets Surge to ₹10.7 Lakh Crore with Impressive 16.94% Equity Returns

In a remarkable display of financial prowess, India’s National Pension System (NPS) has witnessed a substantial growth in assets, reaching a new milestone of ₹10.7 lakh crore as of December 9, 25.95% higher than the previous year. Bolstered by a robust equity market, the latest data from the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) reveals noteworthy insights into the performance and trajectory of NPS investments.

1. Stellar Equity Returns: 16.94% Annual Gain

  • Riding on the bullish wave in equities, pension funds have achieved an impressive average annual return of 16.94% in equities, as of December 8 this year.
  • This stellar performance in equities surpasses other investment avenues with returns of about 7% in Corporate Bonds, 7.10% in Government Securities, and approximately 8.2% in Central and State Government Schemes.

2. Three-Year Performance Highlights: 18.27% Return in Equities

  • Over the last three years, pension funds have delivered an average return of 18.27% on investments in equities.
  • Since the inception of NPS, the average return from equities stands at a commendable 13.01%.

3. NPS Asset Composition and Growth

  • The total NPS assets, including Atal Pension Yojana, surged to ₹10.7 lakh crore, marking a significant increase of 25.95% YoY.
  • Notably, NPS assets in equities amounted to ₹1.9 lakh crore, contributing to the overall growth.

4. FPI Inflows and Market Dynamics

  • The equity markets in India, particularly in 2023, have witnessed a remarkable upswing, driven by strong domestic inflows from retail investors and a resurgence of Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPIs) as net buyers.
  • In the first two weeks of December alone, FPIs infused ₹43,000 crore into Indian equities, with net inflows for the calendar year reaching an astounding ₹1.5 lakh crore.

5. PFRDA Chairman’s Optimism: Aiming for ₹11-12 Lakh Crore by March 2024

  • PFRDA Chairman Deepak Mohanty expresses confidence that NPS assets will reach ₹11-12 lakh crore by the end of March 2024.
  • The chairman’s optimistic outlook reflects a positive sentiment regarding the continued growth and resilience of NPS investments.

6. Subscribers and Growth Projections

  • The growth in NPS assets is attributed to a substantial increase in subscribers, with the ‘Corporate’ and ‘All Citizens Model’ categories experiencing growth rates of 35.55% and 34.49%, respectively.
  • A total of 4.54 lakh new subscribers joined NPS under these categories this fiscal year, contributing to a total of 6.92 crore NPS and APY subscribers as of December 9, representing a 16% YoY increase.
  • PFRDA anticipates adding at least 13 lakh new subscribers from both corporate and all citizen categories this fiscal year.

7. Remarkable Growth Timeline

  • NPS has witnessed remarkable growth over the years, taking six years and six months to reach ₹1 lakh crore AUM after its implementation in 2009.
  • The AUM doubled to ₹10 lakh crore in August 2023 in just 2 years and ten months, showcasing the accelerated pace of growth in recent times.

Important Questions Related to Exams

Q: What is the latest milestone for NPS assets, and how much did they grow year-on-year?

A: NPS assets reached ₹10.7 trillion, showing a robust 25.95% YoY growth as of December 9.

Q: What is the key driver behind the impressive growth in NPS assets?

A: The stellar 16.94% annual return in equities played a pivotal role, surpassing returns in Corporate Bonds, Government Securities, and Government Schemes.

Q: How have equity markets influenced NPS performance in 2023?

A: A bullish market, boosted by strong domestic inflows and substantial Foreign Portfolio Investor (FPI) contributions, led to a remarkable 16.94% average annual return in equities.

Q: What is the composition of NPS assets, particularly in equities?

A: NPS assets in equities amounted to ₹1.9 trillion out of the ₹10.7 trillion total, showcasing the significant role of equities in overall portfolio growth.

Q: How has the subscriber base contributed to NPS growth, and what are the projections?

A: The ‘Corporate’ and ‘All Citizens Model’ categories saw a 35.55% and 34.49% growth, respectively, with 4.54 lakh new subscribers. PFRDA aims to add 13 lakh new subscribers this fiscal year.

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