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APJ Abdul Kalam’s Birth Anniversary 2023

“Failure will never overtake me if my determination to succeed is strong enough.”

                                                                                              -APJ Abdul Kalam

Birth Anniversary of APJ Abdul Kalam

On the birth anniversary of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, observed on 15th October, we honor the remarkable life of India’s beloved former President and eminent scientist. His dedication to education and innovation serves as a timeless source of inspiration for all, promoting the ideals of knowledge, humility and service.

Who was APJ Abdul Kalam?

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, affectionately known as the “Missile Man of India,” was a prominent Indian scientist and politician. Born on October 15, 1931, in Rameswaram, India, he dedicated his remarkable career to advancing India’s missile technology and nuclear weapons programs. Dr. Kalam’s significant contributions played a pivotal role in shaping the nation’s development. He also had the honor of serving as India’s President from 2002 to 2007. His legacy is marked by his exceptional work in science, technology and leadership, which continue to inspire and benefit the country to this day. In this article, we will delve into the life of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.

Life of APJ Abdul Kalam:

After graduating from Madras Institute of Technology with a degree in aeronautical engineering, Kalam joined the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in 1958. He joined the Indian Space Research Organisation in 1969 as project director of the SLV-III, the country’s first satellite launch vehicle. When he returned to the DRDO in 1982, he oversaw a programme that resulted in a number of successful missiles, earning him the moniker Missile Man.

From 1992 to 1997, Kalam was the defence minister’s scientific adviser, and from 1999 to 2001, he was the government’s principal scientific adviser with the title of cabinet minister. Although the tests raised worldwide alarm, Kalam’s important role in the country’s 1998 nuclear weapons testing cemented India’s status as a nuclear power and elevated him as a national hero. In 1998, Kalam proposed Technology Vision 2020, a statewide strategy that he described as a road map for converting India from a developing to a developed society in 20 years. Increasing agricultural productivity, prioritising technology as an engine for economic growth, and expanding access to health care and education were among the goals outlined in the plan.

Kalam was nominated by India’s ruling National Democratic Alliance (NDA) to succeed outgoing President Kocheril Raman Narayanan in 2002. Despite being Muslim, Kalam was nominated by the Hindu nationalist (Hindutva) NDA, and his status and popularity were such that the Indian National Congress, the main opposition party, also proposed his candidacy. Kalam easily won the election, and in July 2002, he was sworn in as India’s 11th president, a purely ceremonial position. He was succeeded by Pratibha Patil, the country’s first female president, when his term expired in 2007.

Post President Life of APJ:

Following his return to civilian life, Kalam remained committed to utilising science and technology to help India become a developed country, lecturing at a number of universities. He fell while delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong on July 27, 2015, and was pronounced dead shortly after from cardiac arrest. Kalam wrote several books, including Wings of Fire, an autobiography (1999). Two of the country’s highest honours, the Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the Bharat Ratna (2001), were among his many accolades (1997).

Awards Presented to A.P.J Abdul Kalam

Here is the list of awards and honors presented to missile man of India, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam:

Year Awards
1981 Padma Bhushan
1990 Padma Vibhushan
1994 Distinguished  Fellow
1995 Honorary Fellow
1997 Bharat Ratna
1997 Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration
1998 Veer Savarkar Award
2000 Ramanjun Award
2007 Honorary Doctorate of Science
2007 King Charles II Medal
2007 Honorary Doctorate of Science and Technology
2008 Doctor of Science
2008 Doctor of Engineering
2008 Hoover Medal
2008 Doctor of Science
2009 International Von Karman Wings Award
2010 Doctor of Engineering
2011 IEEE Honorary Membership
2012 Doctor of Laws
2013 Von Braun Award
2014 Doctor of Science
2014 Honorary Professor

 

Famous Quotes by APJ:

  • Look at the sky. We are not alone. The whole universe is friendly to us and conspires only to give the best to those who dream and work.
  • We should not give up and we should not allow the problem to defeat us.
  • If four things are followed – having a great aim, acquiring knowledge, hard work, and perseverance – then anything can be achieved.
  • Teaching is a very noble profession that shapes the character, caliber, and future of an individual. If the people remember me as a good teacher, that will be the biggest honour for me.
  • Where there is righteousness in the heart, there is beauty in the character. When there is beauty in the character, there is harmony in the home. When there is harmony in the home, there is order in the nation. When there is order in the nation, there is peace in the world.
  • Unless India stands up to the world, no one will respect us. In this world, fear has no place. Only strength respects strength.
  • The purpose of education is to make good human beings with skill and expertise… Enlightened human beings can be created by teachers.
  • Let me define a leader. He must have vision and passion and not be afraid of any problem. Instead, he should know how to defeat it. Most importantly, he must work with integrity.
  • Climbing to the top demands strength, whether it is to the top of Mount Everest or to the top of your career.
  • My message, especially to young people is to have courage to think differently, courage to invent, to travel the unexplored path, courage to discover the impossible and to conquer the problems and succeed. These are great qualities that they must work towards. This is my message to the young people.

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FAQs

Why APJ Abdul Kalam is famous?

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen is Abdul Kalam's full name. Abdul Kalam was an Indian scientist and politician who played a key role in the creation of India's missile and nuclear weapons programmes. He was born on October 15, 1931, in Rameswaram, India, and died on July 27, 2015, in Shillong. From 2002 until 2007, he served as India's president.

Who is APJ Abdul Kalam wife?

APJ Abdul Kalam was unmarried throughout his life. Jainulabiddin Marakayar (Imam) and Ashiamma Jainulabiddin Jainulabiddin Jainulabiddin Jainulabiddin Jainulabiddin Jainulabiddin Jainulabiddin Jainulabiddin Jain (Housewife). Kasim Mohammed, Mohammed Muthu Meera Lebbai Maraikayar, and Mustafa Kamal were his three brothers, while Asim Zohra was his oldest sister. He remained single for the whole of his life.

Why is Dr APJ Abdul Kalam called missile Man?

As a result of his contributions to the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology, he became known as India's Missile Man. In 1998, he also had a key organisational, technical, and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear testing, the first since the country's first nuclear test in 1974.

Who is the missile Man of India?

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is known as the Missile man of India due to his contributions to the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. When he returned to the DRDO in 1982, he oversaw a programme that resulted in a number of successful missiles, earning him the moniker Missile Man.

Did Abdul Kalam ever receivea Nobel Prize?

Abdul Kalam is not awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. However, he has received numerous prizes, including the Bharat Ratna and numerous more.

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