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Assam and Meghalaya have signed an agreement to resolve a border issue in six disputed districts

Assam and Meghalaya agreed to resolve their five-decade-long border dispute in six of the 12 contested places that have frequently sparked tensions between the two states, with Union Home Minister Amit Shah hailing the decision as a “historic day for the Northeast.” Chief Ministers of Assam and Meghalaya, Himanta Biswa Sarma and Conrad Sangma, respectively, inked the agreement in the presence of Shah.

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KEY POINTS:               

  • The agreement will end the long-running disagreement in six of the 12 points along the 884.9-kilometer boundary between the two States.
  • According to the home minister, the signing of the agreement has settled 70% of the border issue between the two countries, and he hopes to find a solution for the remaining six places shortly.
  • Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and West Bengal share a 2743-kilometer border with Assam. Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Arunachal Pradesh all have border conflicts with it.
  • There are 36 communities in the six locations, totaling 36.79 square kilometres, for which an agreement has been reached.
  • In August of last year, the two states appointed three committees each to investigate the thorny boundary issue. The panels were formed after two rounds of talks between Sarma and Sangma, during which the two neighbours agreed to settle the matter in stages.

According to the committees’ combined final set of recommendations, Assam will obtain complete control of 18.51 sq km of the 36.79 sq km disputed area taken up for settlement in the first phase, while Meghalaya will have full control of 18.28 sq km.

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