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Biggest Forest in India, List of Top-10

India, known for its diverse landscapes and rich biodiversity, is home to some of the largest and most ecologically significant forests in the world. These lush green expanses play a crucial role in maintaining ecological balance, supporting wildlife, and providing various ecosystem services. In this article, we will delve into the top 10 largest forests in India, highlighting their unique features and ecological importance.

What is a Forest?

A forest is a complex ecosystem characterized by a dense collection of trees, plants, and various forms of life. It serves as a vital component of Earth’s environment, playing a crucial role in regulating climate, maintaining biodiversity, and providing essential resources. Forests contribute to ecological balance by absorbing carbon dioxide, releasing oxygen, and serving as habitats for diverse flora and fauna.

India’s Biggest Forest 2024

Situated in West Bengal, the Sundarbans, known for housing the elusive white tiger variant, form the expansive Sundarbans National Park within the world’s largest delta, spanning nearly 10,000 square kilometers. This lush mangrove forest, a tiger reserve and biosphere reserve, boasts a rich biodiversity. Sundari trees dominate the landscape, providing a habitat for diverse wildlife, including fishing cats, leopard cats, macaques, wild boars, Indian grey mongooses, foxes, jungle cats, flying foxes, pangolins, and cheetahs. The Sundarbans stand as a unique and critical ecological treasure in India.

Top-10 Biggest Forests in India

Sundarbans Forest, located in West Bengal, claims the title of the biggest forest in India, followed by Gir Forest National Park, Sacred Grove Khasi Hills and Namdapha National Park.

Here is the list of top-10 biggest forests in India:

LARGEST FORESTS IN INDIA
Rank Forests Location
1. Sundarbans West Bengal
2. Gir Forest National Park Gujarat
3. Sacred Grove, Khasi Hills Meghalaya
4. Namdapha National Park Arunachal Pradesh
5. Jim Corbett National Park Uttarakhand
6. Bandipur National Park Karnataka
7. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu
8. Keibul Lamjao National Park Manipur
9. Vandalur Reserve Forest Chennai
10. Kanha National Park Madhya Pradesh

India’s Largest Forest – Sundarbans

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Location: West Bengal

The Sundarbans, situated in West Bengal, Eastern India, constitute the country’s largest forest. Encompassing a vast 10,000 square kilometers within the Sundarbans delta, this lush green mangrove forest is renowned for its white tiger population. Designated a tiger reserve and biosphere reserve, it shelters diverse wildlife, including fishing cats, leopard cats, and Indian grey mongoose.

Second Biggest Forest in India – Gir Forest National Park

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Location: Gujarat

Gir National Park, Gujarat, the second-largest forest in India, spans 1,412 sq km. Established in 1965, it safeguards the Asiatic lion population, once reduced to two dozen. Home to diverse wildlife, including leopards, sloth bears, cobras, and more, it reflects India’s dedication to biodiversity conservation.

Third Largest Forest in India – Sacred Grove, Khasi Hills

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Location: Meghalaya

The Khasi Hills boast a unique natural wonder – the sacred forests. Upheld through ancient religious traditions, these preserved woodlands, exemplified by the renowned Mawphlang Sacred Forest, 25 kilometers from Shillong, showcase a rich tapestry of plant life, flowering trees, orchids, and butterflies. A haven for nature enthusiasts, a cardinal rule for visitors is to leave no trace, refraining from bringing or taking anything from this pristine environment.

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FAQs

Which is the biggest forest in India?

Sundarbans Forest, located in West Bengal, claims the title of the biggest forest in India.

Which is the richest forest in India?

In terms of percentage of forest cover Mizoram (85.41 percent) is the most forest rich state. In Lakshadweep, around 90.33% of forest can be found.

Which is the second largest forest in India?

Gir National Park, Gujarat, the second-largest forest in India, spans 1,412 sq km.

Name the top-5 largest forests in India.

The top-5 largest forests in India are: Sundarbans, Gir Forest National Park, Sacred Grove, Khasi Hills, Namdapha National Park and Jim Corbett National Park.