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Bihar and Chattisgarh among States that allocated more towards education

Among the big States in the country, Chhattisgarh and Bihar allocated the most proportion of their budget towards education in FY23. While Chhattisgarh allocated 18.82 per cent of the State’s estimated net budget expenditure to education, Bihar allocated 18.3 per cent.

The States/UTs that have spent a higher portion of their budget expenditure on education are Delhi, Assam, and Himachal Pradesh, which allocated 22 per cent, 20 per cent and 19 per cent, respectively, of their budgets on education this fiscal year.

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Chhattisgarh and Bihar’s Spending and Outcome:

While Chhattisgarh and Bihar are spending more on education, they do not fare too well on literacy. The literacy rate in Chattisgarh is 77.9 per cent, while the rate for Bihar is 70.9 per cent, one of the lowest in the country, according to the National Sample Survey 2018.

States That Allocated Less on Education:

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Even in terms of absolute numbers, Telangana’s expenditure towards education was a mere ₹16,043 crore in FY23. As per the Budget for FY24, even though the state has allocated ₹19,093 crore for education, it is just 6.57 per cent of the net budget expenditure. Telangana is among the few states that have presented the budget for the upcoming financial year.

Allocations by the States on Education:

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Maharashtra allocated Rs 80,437 for education. UP allocated Rs 75,165 crores. West Bengal allocated Rs 43,466 crores. Rajasthan allocated Rs 49,627 crores, and Tamil Nadu allocated Rs 43,799 crores. The Central Government allocated Rs 44,094 crores on education, that is, 16.51% of the total budget. This is 8% higher than the previous year. In 2022-23, the union government allocated Rs 40,828 crores.

Performance on Literacy Front:

Literacy rates for Indian states taken from NSO(National Statistical Office) 2017-18 data. : r/indianews

At 96.2 per cent, Kerala has the highest literacy rate in the country, while it is 82.9 per cent in Tamil Nadu. The literacy rate of UP is 67.68%. The literacy rate of Bihar is 61.8%. The literacy rate of Chhattisgarh is 70.28%. The literacy rate of west Bengal is 76.26%. Rajasthan: 66.11%. So the overall observation says that TN is planning on increasing its literacy rates further though it is already higher.

You may also read: Union Budget 2023-24 Highlights: Complete Budget Analysis

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