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British physicist Peter Higgs Passes Away at the age of 94

British physicist Peter Higgs died at the age of 94. Peter Higgs gained fame for the discovery of ‘Higgs-Boson Particle’ i.e. ‘God Particle’. Peter Higgs was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2013 for this groundbreaking discovery, which helped explain how the universe was created after the Big Bang. Higgs showed how bosons hold the universe together, a crucial understanding in the field of physics.

Peter Higgs’ Tenure at Edinburgh University

  • Peter Higgs was a professor at Edinburgh University for many years.
  • The university announced that Higgs passed away at his home on April 8th, 2024, after a period of illness.

Confirmation of the ‘God Particle’ in 2012

  • In the 1960s, Higgs and other physicists tried to understand the fundamental building blocks of the universe.
  • In 2012, scientists finally obtained conclusive evidence of the Higgs boson particle, confirming its existence.
  • The Higgs boson or ‘God particle’ was a theoretical concept until its confirmation on July 4, 2012.

About Peter Higgs

  • Peter Higgs was born in Newcastle in 1929. His father was a sound engineer at the BBC.
  • Higgs proved to be a bright student at Cotham Grammar School in Bristol and later studied physics at King’s College, London, specializing in theoretical physics.

Accolades and Achievements

  • Higgs received several prestigious awards for his contributions to theoretical physics, including the Dirac Medal in 1997 and the Wolff Prize in Physics in 2004.

India’s Contribution to the ‘God Particle’

  • The ‘Higgs’ in ‘Higgs Boson’ is named after British physicist Peter Higgs, while the ‘Boson’ is named after Indian scientist Satyendra Nath Bose.
  • In a 2012 New York Times article, Satyendra Nath Bose was described as the ‘Father of the God Particle’.

About Satyendra Nath Bose

  • Satyendra Nath Bose, born in Calcutta in 1874, made remarkable contributions to quantum mechanics and mathematical physics.
  • Bose’s research paper on quantum statistics was initially rejected but later published in a German journal, where the term ‘boson’ was first used.
  • Einstein himself named Bose’s discovery as the ‘Boson’, and Bose was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian honor.

Importance of the Higgs Boson

  • The Higgs boson is responsible for giving mass to particles, which is a crucial factor in the formation of stars, galaxies, and atoms.
  • Without the Higgs field and the Higgs boson, the universe would have been vastly different, lacking the fundamental building blocks essential for its structure and evolution.

The contributions of Peter Higgs and Satyendra Nath Bose have been pivotal in our understanding of the fundamental nature of the universe, earning them recognition and acclaim in the annals of scientific history.

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