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China inks deal with Pakistan to set up nuclear power plant

Introduction

China and Pakistan have signed a significant agreement worth USD 4.8 billion to establish a 1,200-megawatt nuclear power plant. This deal reflects the deepening strategic cooperation between the two nations and comes as a welcome development for Pakistan. Pakistan is determined to enhance its energy sector and overcome its economic difficulties by assuring the prompt initiation of the nuclear power plant project.

Nuclear Power’s Role in Pakistan’s Energy Production

Pakistan’s existing Chashma power plants play a crucial role in generating affordable nuclear power. With the addition of the 1,200-megawatt Chashma-V nuclear plant, Pakistan will further enhance its capacity for clean and sustainable energy production. The expansion of nuclear power facilities is vital for meeting the growing energy demands of the country and reducing its dependence on fossil fuels.

Dependence on China’s Support

Amid Pakistan’s mounting financial debt, its ability to secure multilateral loans or bilateral assistance is heavily reliant on support from China. While other countries have been selective in their support, China has consistently stood by Pakistan’s side. The ongoing cooperation between the two nations demonstrates the strength of their alliance and the confidence China has in Pakistan’s potential for economic growth.

Pakistan’s Economic Crises

Pakistan is currently facing immense financial debt and is unable to secure loans from international organizations or bilateral sources without the backing of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The country’s economic situation has led to a lack of access to multilateral and bilateral assistance, highlighting the critical role played by the IMF in enabling financial support for Pakistan.

Deal With IMF

IMF has signed a deal with Pakistan in 2019 to provide USD 6.5 billion on fulfilment of certain conditions. The plan was derailed several times and the full reimbursement is still pending. According to finance minister of Pakistan, Ishaq Dar about $2.7bn are left to be disbursed from the package, which is scheduled to expire this month.

About International Monetary Fund

  • The International Monetary Fund is a major financial agency of the United Nations headquartered in Washington, D.C, consisting of 190 countries.
  • IMF is an international organization that promotes global economic growth and financial stability. It encourages international trade and reduces poverty.
  • Managing Director of IMF is Kristalina Georgieva.

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