City of Lakes in India: Udaipur
Nestled in the heart of Rajasthan, India, a city named “Udaipur” has earned the title of “City of Lakes in India”. Udaipur, with its picturesque lakes and rich cultural heritage, is a destination that beckons travellers from across the globe.
Udaipur’s history is steeped in tales of valor, romance and regal grandeur. Udaipur, founded in 1559 by Maharana Udai Singh II, became the capital of the Mewar Kingdom. Over the centuries, Udaipur has seen the rise and fall of dynasties, each leaving their indelible mark on the city’s culture and architecture. The city’s history is reflected in its numerous palaces, temples and forts, which continue to stand as witnesses to its glorious past.
Why is Udaipur known as “City of Lakes in India”
Udaipur is known as “City of Lakes in India” due to several compelling reasons:
1. Historical Artificial Lake Construction
Udaipur was originally part of Mewar and its residents faced water shortages and poor sewage systems before the 13th century. To address this issue, the rulers of Udaipur constructed seven artificial lakes, including Lake Pichola, Rang Sagar, Swaroop Sagar, Fateh Sagar and Udai Sagar. These lakes not only provided water for the cities but also added to its beauty.
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2. Interconnected Lakes
All seven lakes in Udaipur are interconnected, forming a chain in the saucer-shaped Udaipur valley. This interconnected system endures that there is no overflow and the water is distributed efficiently, preventing flooding in the city.
3. Second Largest Artificial Lake in India
Udaipur is home to Jaisamand Lake, also known as Debar Lake, which is India’s second-largest artificial lake. It covers a vast area and is 14 km in length, 9 km wide and 102 feet deep. This impressive lake was built to create a marble dam across the Gomti River.
4. Unique and Picturesque Lakes
Each of the lakes in Udaipur has its own unique charm. Lake Pichola is one of the oldest and largest, featuring small islands. Fateh Sagar Lake is known as the “Pride of Udaipur” and is home to the Udaipur Solar Observatory. Udai Sagar Lake resulted from a dam constructed on the Berach River to supply water to Maharana Udai Singh’s kingdom.
5. Presence Everywhere
Water Bodies are omnipresent in Udaipur, offering breath-taking views from various parts of the city. Whether you are at a café, the Monsoon Palace or simply driving on the city’s roads, you are likely to have a beautiful lake in sight. This abundance of water not only enhances the city’s aesthetics but also contributes to its pleasant climate.