Father of Blue Revolution
Dr. Hiralal Chaudhari, a forward-thinking expert in fisheries, was instrumental in transforming fish production in India. His ground-breaking research on induced breeding and fish farming methods played a crucial role in this revolution. Widely acclaimed as the “Father of Blue Revolution,” Dr. Chaudhari’s innovative studies and contributions have made an enduring impression on not only the Indian fisheries sector but also on a global scale.
Basic Details of Dr. Hiralal Chaudhari
- Birth date: 21st November 1921
- Birthplace: Kubajpur, Sylhet, Assam, British India
- Known for: Father of Blue Revolution
- Fields: Zoology, Biology, Fisheries Science, Fisheries Management
- Died: 12th September 2014 at Kolkata, West Bengal
Early Life and Educational Life of Hiralal Chaudhary
Hiralal Chaudhary excelled in his studies from an early age. He completed his primary education at Laban Bengali Primary School in Shillong and later graduated from Gomes School in Sylhet with honors in four subjects.
His academic excellence earned him a scholarship to Bangabasi College in Calcutta, where he attained his B.Sc. with Honors in 1941. His thirst for knowledge led him to pursue a Master’s degree in Zoology from Baliganji Science College, University of Calcutta in 1943. He furthered his education with special training in the United States under the guidance of H.S. Swingle at Auburn University, where he obtained his MS degree in Fisheries Management in 1955.
Dr. Chaudhary’s Research on Induced Breeding
Returning to India with international knowledge and expertise, Dr. Chaudhari joined the Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute near Barrackpore in 1948. Observing oval-shaped transparent eggs being expelled from the fish in the tidal waters of the Ganges, he became intrigued by the reproductive process. This curiosity led him to develop induced breeding techniques, a breakthrough in the field of pisciculture.
On July 10, 1956, after nine years of dedicated research, Dr. Chaudhary achieved a momental feat by successfully inducing the breeding of carp species. This pioneering work led the foundation of what would be known as the Blue Revolution in India.
The Blue Revolution
The Blue Revolution refers to the rapid expansion and modernisation of the aquaculture sector in India. Father of Blue Revolution, Dr. Hiralal Chaudhary’s pioneering work in induced breeding played a pivotal role in igniting the Blue Revolution in India’s fisheries industry.
Honors and Awards presented to Father of Blue Revolution
Dr. Hiralal Chaudhary, Father of Blue Revolution has received several honors and awards which are as follows:
- Chandrakala Hora Memorial Gold Medal in1960
- Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Award
- Gamma Sigma Delta Award
- Golden Key Award of the Auburn University, USA
- World Aquaculture Award in 1994
- Asiatic Society Award in 2002
- Honorary D.Sc by Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai
- Chair in Fisheries in the name of Hiralal Chaudhary by the University of Calcutta
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Legacy and Inspiration: The Father of Blue Revolution
Dr. Hiralal Chaudhary’s legacy as the “Father of Blue Revolution” continues to inspire generations of scientists, researchers and innovators. His journey, from keen observation to meticulous research, culminated in a victory that echoed well beyond the realm of scientific domains.