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Finance Bill 2023 passed in Lok Sabha

The Lok Sabha passed the Finance Bill 2023, which implements tax proposals for the upcoming fiscal year, without any discussion. The passage of the Bill occurred amid Opposition uproar over the Adani controversy.

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More About The Finance Bill 2023:

Proposals for a total of 64 official amendments were put forward in the Bill, including one that aims to eliminate long-term tax benefits for specific categories of debt mutual funds and another that calls for the establishment of the GST Appellate Tribunal.

Key Amendments in the Finance Bill 2023 are:

  • The Finance Bill 2023 includes several amendments, such as the taxation of mutual funds having less than 35% AUM in domestic equity as short-term capital gains and the provision of enhanced tax benefits to offshore banking units operating in GIFT City, which will receive a 100% deduction on income for 10 years.
  • Additionally, the tax on royalty or technical fee earned by foreign companies has been increased from 10% to 20%.
  • Other amendments include the formation of a committee to address the pension system’s needs, and a proposal for marginal relief to limit the tax one pays to the income that exceeds Rs. 7 lakh.
  • The Bill also proposes that all Liberalized Remittance Scheme (LRS) payments made through credit cards for foreign tours be considered under LRS and be subject to Tax Collection at Source (TCS).
  • Furthermore, the Securities Transaction Tax on the sale of options has been raised from Rs. 1,700 to Rs. 2,100 on a turnover of Rs. 1 crore.

What is a Finance Bill?

Lok Sabha passes Finance Bill

  • It is a Bill that contains some provisions related to taxation and expenditure, and additionally contains provisions related to any other matter is called a Financial Bill.

Rule 219 of the Rules of Procedure of Lok Sabha states:

  • ‘Finance Bill’ means the Bill ordinarily introduced each year to give effect to the financial proposals of the Government of India for the following financial year and includes a Bill to give effect to supplementary financial proposals for any period.
  • It is a part of the Union Budget, stipulating all the legal amendments required for the changes in taxation proposed by the Finance Minister.
  • There are different kinds of Finance Bills — the most important of them is the Money Bill. The Money Bill is concretely defined in Article 110.
  • The Speaker of the Lok Sabha is authorised to decide whether the Bill is a Money Bill or not. Also, the Speaker’s decision shall be deemed to be final.
  • The Finance Bill, as a Money Bill, needs to be passed by the Lok Sabha — the lower house of the Parliament. Post the Lok Sabha’s approval, the Finance Bill becomes Finance Act.

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