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First Governor of Assam, Know the Name

In the rich tapestry of Indian history, the figure of Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari stands as a beacon of leadership and resilience, particularly in the context of Assam. As the first Governor of Assam, Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari played a pivotal role in shaping the destiny of the northeastern state during a crucial period of transition. His legacy remains etched in the annals of Assamese history, symbolizing integrity, statesmanship, and dedication to public service.

First Governor of Assam, Name

Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari, a distinguished Indian civil servant and politician, played a crucial role in the governance of Assam during a pivotal period in history. Born on 12 October 1894, in British India, he served as the last British-appointed Governor of Assam, continuing in this role even after India gained independence. This article explores his early life, career, personal life, and untimely death, shedding light on the significant contributions he made to the region.

First Governor in Assam – Basic Details

Name: Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari

Date of Birth: 12th October 1894

Birth Place: British India

Parents: Akbar Hydari; Amina Hydari

Spouse: Sigrid Westling

Occupation: Civil Servant, Politician

Death: 28th December 1984

Place of Death: Waikhong, Manipur, Dominion of India

First Governor of Assam – Early Life and Education

Akbar Hydari, born to Amina and Sir Akbar Hydari, belonged to a Sulaimani Bohra Muslim family. His upbringing and education, completed in Bombay and Oxford, laid the foundation for a distinguished career. His granduncle, the eminent Congressman Badruddin Tyabji, influenced his early years. Hydari entered the Indian civil service in 1919, initiating his career in the Madras Presidency.

First Governor of Assam – Career

Hydari’s career trajectory showcased his commitment to public service. Starting as the undersecretary in the Department of Education, Health, and Lands of the imperial government, he later served as the Agent to the Governor of Ceylon, addressing the welfare and rights of the Indian labor force in the plantations.

His involvement in the Round Table Conferences in London, representing the Indian states and later the delegation from Hyderabad State, reflected his dedication to the vision of a Greater and United India. During World War II, he played a crucial role in coordinating supplies in the British colonies and dominions east of Suez.

In 1945, he became a member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council, taking charge of the Information and Broadcasting Department. With the formation of the interim government in 1946, Hydari was entrusted with key portfolios, including labor, works, mines, power, information and arts, and health.

Hydari’s Governorship of Assam

In January 1947, King George VI approved Hydari’s appointment as the Governor of Assam. He officially took office on 4 May and continued to serve after India gained independence. Faced with the Naga movement seeking an independent state, Hydari signed a significant nine-point agreement with the Naga National Convention in June, addressing the region’s complex socio-political landscape.

Personal Life of Assam’s First Governor

Akbar Hydari’s personal life was marked by a union with Sigrid Westling, a Swedish woman. They had three children together, including a son named Akbar Hydari III, who later became an industrialist and notable figure in business and diplomatic circles.

First Governor of Assam – Tragic Death

Sir Akbar Hydari’s tenure as the Governor of Assam was tragically cut short when he succumbed to a stroke on 28 December 1948, during a visit to Manipur. He was accompanied by his wife, son, tribal adviser N. K. Rustomjee, and military secretary Major Dhamija. His passing led to a three-day mourning period in Manipur, and he was laid to rest at the cemetery of the Imphal Cantonment in the Kangla Palace.

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Who is the first Governor of Assam?

Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari stands as a beacon of leadership and resilience, particularly in the context of Assam as the first Governor in Assam.

When was Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari born?

Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari was born on 12th October 1894 in British India.

What was Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari's educational background?

He completed his education in Bombay and Oxford, which laid the foundation for his distinguished career in public service.

When did Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari become the Governor of Assam?

Sir Hydari was appointed as the Governor of Assam in January 1947 by King George VI, and he officially took office on 4th May of the same year.

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