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Gujarat Claims The Title Of India’s Petro Capital


Gujarat has emerged as the nation’s petrochemical powerhouse, boasting the world’s largest grassroots oil refinery and a state-of-the-art petrochemical complex. The dynamic growth of the petrochemical sector in Gujarat is exemplified by the monumental achievements of Reliance Industries Ltd’s (RIL) Jamnagar refinery and the ONGC Petro additions Limited (OPaL) petrochemical complex in Dahej.

Jamnagar Refinery: A Global Marvel

  • RIL’s Jamnagar refinery stands as a testament to Gujarat’s prowess in the petrochemical industry.
  • Recognized as the largest and most complex single-site refinery globally, the Jamnagar facility has an impressive crude processing capacity of 1.4 million barrels per day (MMBPD).
  • Housing some of the world’s largest units, including the fluidized catalytic cracker, coker, alkylation, paraxylene, polypropylene, refinery off-gas cracker, and petcoke gasification plants, Jamnagar has set a new benchmark for refinery infrastructure.

Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit: A Catalyst for Growth

  • The Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit (VGGS) has played a crucial role in propelling Gujarat’s petrochemical sector to new heights.
  • Noteworthy MoUs, such as the Rs 3,000 crore agreement for a bio-refinery in the Dahej PCPIR and the Rs 7,000 crore MoU for chemical manufacturing in Dahej, were signed during the 2019 and 2022 editions, respectively.
  • The upcoming 10th edition of VGGS, themed ‘Gateway to the Future,’ is poised to further boost investments and collaborations in the petrochemical domain.

OPaL: Pioneering South Asia’s Petrochemical Landscape

  • Incorporated in 2006, ONGC Petro additions Limited (OPaL) is a private joint venture with 26% and 5% stakes from Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) and Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation (GSPC) respectively.
  • OPaL, spanning 5 sq. km., ranks among South Asia’s largest integrated Petrochemical Complexes. At its core lies the nation’s first and one of the largest Dual Feed Cracker Units (DFCU), leveraging technology from Linde AG, Germany.

Commendation from Industry Leaders

  • Industry leaders, including Jai Shroff, Chairman & Group CEO of UPL Limited, have commended Gujarat’s progressive policies for fostering the remarkable growth of the petrochemical sector.
  • Shroff acknowledged the pivotal role of government support in enabling major players to achieve global prominence.
  • Gujarat’s contribution of approximately 75% to the country’s dye and intermediates manufacturing underscores its significance in the industry.

Future Outlook

  • With established players like Reliance, Shell, ONGC, and others having firmly established their manufacturing units in Gujarat, experts foresee the state becoming unparalleled in the chemicals and petrochemicals sector.
  • The Petroleum, Chemicals and Petrochemicals Investment Region (PCPIR) at Dahej, spanning 452.98 square km, is a strategic hub well-connected by road, rail, port, and air.
  • The OPaL facility, South Asia’s single largest petrochemical complex within PCPIR, showcases Gujarat’s commitment to excellence with a capacity to produce 14 lakh tons of polymers and 5 lakh tons of chemicals.

Important Questions Related to Exams

Q1. What is the crude processing capacity of RIL’s Jamnagar refinery?
A) 1 million barrels per day (MMBPD)
B) 1.2 MMBPD
C) 1.4 MMBPD

Q2. Which summit played a pivotal role in securing MoUs for Gujarat’s petrochemical sector?
A) Vibrant India Summit
B) Global Economic Forum
C) Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit

Q3. What is the theme of the upcoming 10th Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit?
A) Vision 2030
B) Gateway to the Future
C) Sustainable Development

Q4. Which petrochemical complex is referred to as South Asia’s single largest within PCPIR?
A) Reliance Jamnagar
B) Shell Dahej

Please provide your answers in the comments section.


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