What is Hunger and Food Insecurity?
Hunger and Food insecurity is caused by insufficient intake of dietary supplements or lack of food, which results in uncomfortable or painful sensations. When a person doesn’t consume a sufficient amount of calories or simply food on daily basis, he or she can suffer from chronic hunger and food insecurity. Food consumption is important for every person to maintain a healthy life and growth. Hunger makes it difficult for one to grow into a healthy person. Less than 1800 calories per day are undernourishment or food deprivation.
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What is food insecurity?
When a person lacks regular access to food for nutrition and growth and it hampers the development of the person, it is known as food insecurity. There can be various reasons for the lack of food and there can be different levels of food insecurity.
Food production around the world is more than enough to feed the global population but still, there are more than 829 million people who go to bed hungry. Hunger has taken a rise recently and has affected almost 10% of the global population. Especially, the COVID-19 pandemic had a huge impact on the rise of hunger all over the world along with climate change and wars.
Hunger and Food insecurity are related to each other and the situation that connects them is poverty. Poverty has been a long-term issue faced by millions of people across the globe. Poverty is the root of food insecurity. Unemployed people who do not have enough money to buy or afford food on daily basis are likely to suffer from food insecurity. These people suffer from obesity, diabetes, and nutrient deficiencies causing stunted growth in children. Another aspect of this can be negligence, whether government or the common man. Everybody has ignored this serious issue and pushed it to a day where millions are people are sleeping hungry, and dying due to food insecurity. The scenario can get more painful if proper measures are not taken this time. There is enough food but no proper food management. Food supply has to be the main priority for checking up on the food availability for people.
Hunger and Food insecurity Facts
- In the U.S. hunger problems came to attention during the 1930s when a quarter half of America was unemployed.
- The government was urged to purchase surplus wheat from the farmers and donate it to hunger relief.
- Federal Food and Nutrition Assistance expanded over the years despite objections.
- In 1939, a temporary food stamp program was established, and in 1946 National School Lunch Program was launched.
- America carried out several emergency foods campaigns to eradicate hunger and food insecurity.
Hunger and Food Insecurity in India
India was home to the largest number of malnourished people in the world. The latest report issued by the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI), along with five UN organizations in July, has revealed that the pandemic and the failure of the state to combat its effects has led to a significant decline in the hunger and Food insecurity in India. According to the report Hunger and Food Insecurity in India have increased up to 6.8 percent from 2018 to 2020. 9.7 crore people in India are suffering from Hunger and Food insecurity after the COVID-19 pandemic.
FAQs related to Hunger and Food Security
1. What are the effects of chronic food insecurity?
Ans. Chronic food insecurity has can lead to being underweight, wasting, and stunted growth. More than one-quarter of the children around the world are stunted due to food insecurity and hunger.
2. How many people are facing food insecurity?
Ans. The UN estimates that 345 million people across the world are suffering from acute food insecurity.
3. What is the main cause of Hunger?
Ans. Hunger is caused mostly due to lack of food. However, there are several other reasons for hunger, like poverty, economical crisis, political crisis, etc.
4. Is hunger a social problem?
Ans. Hunger and Food insecurity are caused due to poverty. It prevents people from getting the proper amount of nutrition which causes several other diseases. Hunger is a social problem that has affected millions of people across the world.
5. What is food insecurity?
Ans. Food insecurity is the inability to provide enough food and nutrition to every person regularly.