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Implementation of Anand Marriage Act in Jammu and Kashmir

The Jammu and Kashmir administration has taken a significant step towards fulfilling a long-standing demand of the Sikh community by implementing the Anand Marriage Act. This act provides statutory recognition to Sikh marriage rituals, allowing Sikh couples to register their marriages under specific regulations instead of the Hindu Marriage Act.

Detailed Rules for Registration

The Jammu and Kashmir administration has formulated detailed rules for the registration of marriages under the Anand Marriage Act. The set of regulations, titled ‘Jammu and Kashmir Anand Marriage Registration Rules, 2023,’ outlines the procedures for registering “Anand marriages.” According to a government notification issued on November 30, tehsildars within their respective territorial jurisdictions will serve as registrars for such marriages.

Registration Process and Timeline

Sikh couples are allowed to apply for registration within three months after solemnizing their marriage. However, if the formalities are completed after the expiration of this deadline, they may incur a late fee. This timeline and fee structure have been specified in the notification issued by the department of law, justice, and parliamentary affairs.

Historical Context of the Anand Marriage Act

The roots of the Anand Marriage Act can be traced back to 1909 when the British Imperial Legislative Council enacted legislation recognizing the Sikh wedding ceremony, Anand Karaj. The primary objective of the Act was to acknowledge and respect the customs and practices of the Sikh community. In 2012, the Parliament passed the Anand Marriage (Amendment) Bill, extending legal recognition to Sikh traditional marriages.

Central Approval and State Responsibilities

While the central government approved the amendments to the Anand Marriage Act, the responsibility of framing rules for the registration of Anand marriages was left to individual states and Union territories. The recent implementation in Jammu and Kashmir is a crucial step towards providing the Sikh community with the legal recognition they have sought for their marriage rituals.

Questions Related to Exams

Q: What is the significance of the Anand Marriage Act implementation in Jammu and Kashmir?

A: It provides statutory recognition to Sikh marriage rituals, addressing a long-standing demand and allowing Sikh couples to register under specific regulations.

Q: What are the key points in the detailed rules for registration?

A: Tehsildars act as registrars, Sikh couples can apply within three months, and there’s a late fee for delayed formalities, as outlined in the ‘Jammu and Kashmir Anand Marriage Registration Rules, 2023.’

Q: How did the Anand Marriage Act originate, and when did it gain parliamentary approval?

A: Originating in 1909, the Act aimed to recognize Sikh wedding ceremonies (Anand Karaj). It gained parliamentary approval in 2012 through the Anand Marriage (Amendment) Bill.

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