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International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women 2023

November 25 marks the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, a pivotal day designated by the United Nations to raise awareness and address the global issue of violence faced by women. This day, part of the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-based Violence campaign, aims to shed light on the pervasive nature of violence against women and promote proactive measures to prevent such atrocities.

History of International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women:

The journey towards recognizing and combating violence against women gained momentum on December 20, 1993, with the adoption of the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women by the UN General Assembly. This historic declaration paved the way for the official designation of November 25 as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women on February 7, 2000. Governments, international organizations, and NGOs were invited to unite in organizing activities to raise public awareness of this critical issue annually.

Theme for 2023: “UNITE! Invest to prevent violence against women and girls”:

The global theme for the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-based Violence in 2023 is a powerful call to action: “UNITE! Invest to prevent violence against women and girls.” This theme underscores the urgent need to allocate resources and funding towards preventive strategies, emphasizing a proactive approach to curb gender-based violence.

Types of Violence Against Women:

Violence against women and girls manifests in various forms, including intimate partner violence, sexual violence, psychological abuse, marital rape, femicide, sexual harassment, child sexual abuse, forced marriage, human trafficking, female genital mutilation, and child marriage. The UN’s Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women defines it as any gender-based violence leading to physical, sexual, or psychological harm to women.

Why We Must Eliminate Violence Against Women:

The prevalence of unreported cases due to impunity, silence, stigma, and shame underscores the urgency of addressing violence against women. This issue impedes progress towards equality, development, peace, and the realization of women’s and girls’ human rights. Adverse consequences extend to psychological, sexual, and reproductive health, affecting women throughout their lives.

Vulnerable Groups:

While gender-based violence can impact anyone, certain groups face heightened vulnerability, including young girls, older women, those identifying as LGBTQ+, migrants, refugees, indigenous women, ethnic minorities, women and girls with disabilities, and those living with HIV. The promise of the Sustainable Development Goals to “leave no one behind” remains unfulfilled without eradicating violence against women and girls.

Questions Related to Exams

Q1. When is the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women observed, and what is its significance?

Solution: The International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women is observed on November 25.

Q2.  What historic event led to the official designation of November 25 as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women?

Solution: On December 20, 1993, the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. This historic declaration paved the way for the official designation of November 25 as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women on February 7, 2000.

Q3.  What is the global theme for the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-based Violence in 2023, and what does it emphasize?

Solution: The global theme for the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-based Violence in 2023 is “UNITE! Invest to prevent violence against women and girls.”

Q4.  According to the UN’s Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women, how is violence against women and girls defined?

Solution: Violence against women and girls is defined as any gender-based violence leading to physical, sexual, or psychological harm, according to the UN’s Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women.

Q5.  Why is addressing violence against women considered urgent, and what are some of its consequences?

Solution: Addressing violence against women is urgent due to the prevalence of unreported cases, driven by impunity, silence, stigma, and shame. This issue impedes progress towards equality, development, peace, and the realization of women’s and girls’ human rights. Consequences extend to psychological, sexual, and reproductive health, affecting women throughout their lives.

Q6. Which groups are particularly vulnerable to gender-based violence, and why is it crucial to focus on their protection?

Solution: Vulnerable groups include young girls, older women, those identifying as LGBTQ+, migrants, refugees, indigenous women, ethnic minorities, women and girls with disabilities, and those living with HIV. Focusing on their protection is crucial as the promise of the Sustainable Development Goals to “leave no one behind” remains unfulfilled without eradicating violence against women and girls.

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