International Tea Day 2023
International Tea Day is an annual observance on May 21st to celebrate the long history and cultural significance of tea around the world. The day also aims to raise awareness of the importance of tea in fighting hunger and poverty, as well as the sustainable production and consumption of tea.
Tea is one of the most popular beverages in the world, with over 2 billion cups consumed every day. It is grown in over 50 countries, and the tea industry employs millions of people worldwide. Tea is also a major source of income for many developing countries.
The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed May 21st as International Tea Day in 2019. The day is an opportunity to celebrate the many benefits of tea, and to raise awareness of the challenges facing the tea industry.
History of International Tea Day
In 2005, tea-producing countries came together to celebrate International Tea Day. These countries were Sri Lanka, Nepal, Indonesia, Kenya, Malaysia, and Uganda. In 2019, the Intergovernmental Group on Tea decided to celebrate International Tea Day on May 21. The U.N. said yes to the celebrations on December 21, 2019. The first official U.N. International Tea Day was celebrated on May 21, 2020.
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The Timeless Journey of Tea: From Ancient Legends to Global Delight
- Tea is a popular beverage enjoyed by people around the world, known for its unique flavors and various health benefits. Its history dates back thousands of years and is intertwined with ancient legends, cultural traditions, and global trade.
- The origins of tea can be traced to ancient China. According to a popular legend, in 2737 BCE, Emperor Shen Nong was boiling water when leaves from a nearby Camellia sinensis tree fell into his pot. Intrigued by the resulting infusion, he tasted it and discovered the refreshing and invigorating properties of tea.
- Tea consumption spread throughout China, initially used for its medicinal purposes. It was during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE) that tea started to gain popularity as a recreational beverage. Tea cultivation expanded, and various processing methods were developed, leading to the production of different types of tea.
- Tea was introduced to Japan by Buddhist monks who had studied in China. The Japanese embraced tea as a part of their culture, leading to the development of the Japanese tea ceremony, a highly ritualized way of preparing and serving matcha, a powdered green tea.
- In the 16th century, tea began to capture the interest of European traders and explorers. Portuguese and Dutch traders were among the first to bring tea back to Europe from their journeys to Asia. The British East India Company played a significant role in the establishment of a global tea trade, particularly with the introduction of tea to Britain in the 17th century. Tea quickly gained popularity in Britain and became the country’s national beverage.
- The demand for tea led to the establishment of tea plantations in various parts of the world, including India, Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), and later, Africa and South America. These regions became major tea producers, with their own unique tea varieties.
- Tea consumption and production continued to evolve over the centuries, with different countries and cultures adopting their preferred brewing methods, tea ceremonies, and tea culture. Today, tea is enjoyed in countless varieties, including black, green, white, oolong, and herbal teas. It remains a globally cherished beverage, connecting people and cultures worldwide.
Important takeaways for all competitive exams:
- Food and Agriculture Organisation Director-General: Qu Dongyu;
- Food and Agriculture Organisation Headquarters: Rome, Italy;
- Food and Agriculture Organisation Founded: 16 October 1945.
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