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Israel imposes total siege on Gaza

Israel imposed a total siege on the Gaza Strip and cut off water supply following a surprise offensive by Hamas. The conflict has escalated, causing civilian casualties and displacement.

Escalation of Conflict

  • Hamas launched a surprise offensive, leading to Israeli airstrikes on Gaza.
  • Dozens of Palestinians killed and wounded, with over 570 casualties reported.

Humanitarian Crisis

  • More than 123,000 people displaced in Gaza due to the conflict.
  • Urgent need for humanitarian corridors to provide food and shelter for affected Palestinians.

Israeli Response

  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu vowed a strong response, threatening to turn Hamas sites to rubble.
  • Israel imposed a complete siege on Gaza, impacting 2.3 million people: no electricity, food, water, or gas.

International Aid Suspensions

  • The European Union suspended aid payments to Palestinians, placing €691 million under review, citing the unprecedented assault by Hamas.
  • Austria suspended its aid, totaling around €19 million, in response to the conflict.

US Support and Military Deployment

  • US President Joe Biden expressed full support for Israel and warned hostile parties against exploiting the situation.
  • The USS Gerald R. Ford Carrier Strike Group was deployed to the eastern Mediterranean in support of Israel.

Regional Escalation

  • Tensions rose as Iran and Hezbollah praised Hamas’s attack, though Iran denied direct involvement.
  • Hamas threatened the conflict could spread to the West Bank and Jerusalem.

Urgent Calls for Peace

  • UN appealed for humanitarian corridors to provide aid in Gaza.
  • Global calls for restraint and peaceful resolution amid escalating violence.


  • Gaza has been under Israeli blockade for 16 years, leading to dire living conditions for Palestinians.
  • The conflict exacerbates longstanding tensions and threatens regional stability.

Geographical Location

  • Israel is in the Middle East, along the Mediterranean’s eastern shore.
  • Borders Lebanon (north), Syria (northeast), Jordan (east), and Egypt (southwest).

Capital and Largest City

  • Capital: Jerusalem (historical and religious significance).
  • Largest City: Tel Aviv (economic and cultural hub).

Official Language

  • Hebrew (official), Arabic (recognized).


  • Parliamentary democracy with a multi-party system.
  • President (head of state), Prime Minister (head of government).

Religious Significance

  • Holy for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
  • Jerusalem hosts Western Wall, Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Al-Aqsa Mosque.


  • Established in 1948 after British rule and UN partition plan.
  • Complex history with conflicts and Palestinian territories.


  • Highly developed with a focus on technology and innovation.
  • Strong in fields like cybersecurity and medical research.


  • Israel Defense Forces (IDF) with compulsory military service.
  • High security focus due to regional tensions.

Society and Culture

  • Diverse society with various ethnic and religious backgrounds.
  • Rich cultural heritage, influenced by Jewish, Arab, and Mediterranean traditions.

Challenges and Conflicts

  • Ongoing challenges include the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, border disputes, and security concerns.
  • Jerusalem status and West Bank settlements are contentious issues.

International Relations

  • Has diplomatic relations with many countries, including the United States.
  • Strained relations with some Middle Eastern neighbors.

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