India’s G-20 Presidency recently achieved a remarkable feet by setting a new Guinness World record. The record-breaking involved the largest display of Lambani items, showcasing the rich heritage of India.
What in News?
- AS per the 3rd G20 culture working group (CWG) meeting held at Hampi, Karnataka, a Guinness World record was created for the largest display of ‘Lambani Art.’
- This culture working group meeting was titled with ‘Threads of Unity.’
- Total 1755 items were on display in 3rd G20 culture working group.
- It is an effort to popularize Lambani Art, craft and culture.
- This step also expected to encourage the participation of Nari Shakti in such cultural activities.
- Lambani art is an intricate embroidery art done on a piece of cloth.
- Lambani art is also known as Banjara embroidery.
- Lambani Art is mainly practiced by the community of Lambanis..
- It is characterised by colourful threads, mirror work, and a rich array of stick patterns.
- Lambani craft traditions involves skilfully stitching together small pieces of discarded fabric to create a beautiful fabric.
- The rich embroidery of Lambani community, serves as a vital source of livelihood and sustenance.
- Sandur Lambani Embroidery is recognised with a Geographical Indication tag in 2010.
Process involved in Lambani Art:
Lambani art comprises various processes such as:
- Firstly basic tools and materials are collected like thread, needle, fabric and accessories.
- Then the selection of patterns, types, shapes of stitches and colour combinations.
- Accessories like beads and mirrors are added in the later stage.
- Finally it is ironed to give the cloth piece a desired look.
Features of Lambani Art:
- Lambani art is done on loosely woven piece of cloth.
- It includes-
- Around 14 types of stitches with various geometric shapes like square, triangle, diagonal lines etc.
- Parallel lines of multi color threads
- Patch work
- Mirror work
- Applique, an ornamental needle work.
- Most commonly used colours in this embroidery are red, yellow and blue.
Importance of Lambani Art:
- Empower the lambani community.
- Contribute to the economy of the country.
- Preserve the rich cultural traditions in line with the constitutional provisions.
- Lamabani art contribute to the improvement of biodiversity of their region.
- It is considered to be as sustainable practice which works on the principle of recycle and reuse.
- It has the potential to enhance India’s soft power.
About the Lambani Community:
- Lambani community is also known by the name of Banjara Community.
- The word ‘banjara’ is derived from the ‘Vanaj’ meaning to trade and ‘Jara’ meaning to trade.
- Lambani’s are commercial nomads.
- Banjaras are known by different names in different states:
- Lambada or Lambadi in Andhra Pradesh.
- Lambani in Karnataka.
- Banjara in Rajasthan.
- Gwar or Gwariya in Rajasthan.
- The language of Banjaras is ‘Gorboli’ or ‘Gor mati boli’ or ‘Brinjari.’
Efforts for Conservation of Lambani Art:
- Exhibitions should be organised to make people interested in this art.
- The artisans should provide with financial support.
- There should be a formal course to learn about this art.
- GI tag will help in creating a unique selling proposition.
- More awareness about indigenous textiles and fashion will help in boosting the market of lambani art.
- More promotion and brand engagement would help to revive this art.