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Largest Country in the World 2023 By Area, List of Top 10

Russia proudly holds the title of the largest country in the world, spanning a vast territory of 17,098,242 square kilometers, constituting approximately 11% of the Earth’s total land area. Notably, Russia’s expansive landmasses surpasses the combined areas of the next 13 largest countries. The geographical landscape of the nation is a diverse mosaic, ranging from the frigid Arctic tundra to the verdant Siberian forests, highlighting its exceptional and varies natural beauty.

Largest Countries in the World

The world is home to a diverse array of countries, each with its own unique culture, history, and geography. Among them, some stand out for their sheer size, encompassing vast landscapes and abundant natural resources. In this list, we’ll explore the top 10 largest countries by land area, spanning continents and offering a glimpse into the magnitude of their territories.

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List of Top 10 Largest Countries in the World

From the icy tundra of the north to the tropical rainforests in the south, these countries boast a wide range of climates and ecosystems. Join us as we venture into the expanse of these mighty nations, delving into their rich tapestries and discovering what makes them truly remarkable on the global stage. Let’s embark on this journey to explore the largest countries on Earth.

The total area includes land area and water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, and rivers).

  • Total Area = Land Area (in Km²) + Water Bodies (in Km²)
  • Total Area = Land Area (in mi²) + Water Bodies (in mi²)
S.NO. Country Total Area (in sq. km) Total Area (in sq. mi) Land Area (in sq. km) Land Area (in sq. mi) % of the world’s landmass
1. Russia 17,098,242 6,601,665 16,376,870 6,323,142 11%
2. Canada 9,948,670 3,855,101 9,093,510 3,511,022 6.1%
3. China 9,706,961 3,747,877 9,388,211 3,624,807 6.3%
4. United  States 9,372,610 3,618,783 9,147,420 3,531,837 6.1%
5. Brazil 8,515,767 3,287,955 8,358,140 3,227,095 5.6%
6. Australia 7,692,024 2,969,906 7,682,300 2,966,151 5.2%
7. India 3,287,590 1,269,345 2,973,190 1,147,955 2%
8. Argentina 2,780,400 1,073,518 2,736,690 1,056,641 1.8%
9. Kazakhstan 2,724,900 1,052,089 2,699,700 1,042,360 1.8%
10. Algeria 2,381,741 919,595 2,381,740 919,595 1.6%

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1.   Russia- 17,098,242 sq. km

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  • Capital: Moscow
  • Largest city: Moscow
  • Official and National language: Russian
  • Government: Federal semi-presidential republic
  • President Vladimir Putin
  • Prime Minister: Mikhail Mishustin

Russia is considered to be the largest country in the world with a total area of 17,098,242 sq. km. Russia is another populated nation with a population of just under 145 million. The details about the Largest Country in the World in 2023 By Area are mentioned below country-wise.

2.   Canada- 9,948,670 sq. km

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  • Capital: Ottawa
  • Largest City: Toronto Ontario
  • Official language: English & French
  • Government: Federal Parliamentary, Constitutional Monarchy
  • Monarch: Charles III
  • Governor General: Mary Simon
  • Prime Minister: Justin Trudeau

Canada is a country in North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extended from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Arctic Ocean, making it the second-largest country in the world in terms of area.

3.   China- 9,706,961sq. km

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  • Capital: Beijing
  • Largest City: Shanghai
  • Official Language: Chinese
  • President: Xi Jinping
  • Government: Unitary, Marxist-Leninist one-party socialist republic

China is the third largest country which covers 9,706,961 sq.km area. China is a part of the Asiatic landmass.

4.   USA- 9,372,610 sq. km

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  • Capital: Washington D.C.
  • Largest city: New York City
  • National Language: English
  • Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic
  • President: Joe Biden
  • Vice President: Kamala Harris

The United States of America, commonly known as United States (US) is a country primarily located in North America consisted of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine minor outlay islands and 326 Indian reservations.

5.   Brazil- 8,515,767 sq.km

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  • Capital: Brasilia
  • Largest Country: Sao Paulo
  • Official language: Portuguese
  • Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic
  • President: Lula da Silva
  • Vice President: Geraldo Alckmin

Brazil is the world’s fifth largest country in terms of area and the seventh most populous. It is the largest country in the South America. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states and the Federal district.

6.   Australia- 7,692,024 sq.km

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  • Capital: Canberra
  • Largest City: Sydney
  • National Language: English
  • Government: Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
  • Monarch: Charles III
  • Governor-General: David Hurley
  • Prime Minister: Anthony Albanese

Australia is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

7.   India- 3,287,590 sq.km

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  • Capital: New Delhi
  • Largest City: Mumbai
  • Official languages: Hindi and English
  • Government: Federal parliamentary constitutional republic
  • President: Droupadi Murmu
  • Vice President: Jagdeep Dhankhar
  • Prime Minister: Narendra Modi

India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country in the world by area and the most populous country in the world.

8.   Argentina- 2,780,400 sq. km

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  • Capital: Buenos Aires
  • Largest City: Buenos Aires
  • Government: Federal presidential constitutional republic
  • President: Alberto Fermandez
  • Vice President: Cristina Fermandez de Kirchner

Argentina is a country in the southern half of South America. It is the second-largest country in South America after Brazil, the fourth-largest in America, and the eighth-largest in the world.

9.   Kazakhstan-2,724,900 sq. km

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  • Capital: Astana
  • Largest City: Almaty
  • Official Language: Kazakh-Russian
  • Government: Unitary dominant-party presidential republic
  • President: Kassym-Jomart
  • Prime Minister: Alihan Smaiylov

Kazakhstan is a transcontinental landlocked country located mainly in Central Asia and partly in Eastern Europe. Kazakhstan is the ninth-largest country by area and the world’s largest landlocked country. It has the lowest population density in the world with a population of 19 million people.

10. Algeria- 2,381,741 sq. km

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  • Capital: Algiers
  • Largest City: Algiers
  • Official language: Arabic Tamazight
  • Government: Unitary semi-presidential republic
  • President: Abdelmadjid Tebboune
  • Prime Minister: Aymen Benabderrahmane

Algeria is a country in North America. It is considered to be the tenth largest country in the world and the largest nation in Africa.

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What is the largest lake in Russia?

The largest lake in Russia is Lake Baikal. It is 31,722 square kilometers (12,246 square miles) in area. It is the deepest lake in the world, with a maximum depth of 1,642 meters (5,387 feet).

What is the largest country in the world?

Russia is the largest country in the world, with a total area of 17,098,242 square kilometers. It is nearly twice as large as Canada, and makes up for roughly 11 per cent of the Earth's total landmass.

How many people live in Russia?

As of 2023, Russia has a population of about 146.2 million people. This makes it the ninth most populous country in the world.

What is the official language of Russia?

The official language of Russia is Russian. It is spoken by over 144 million people in Russia and other countries around the world.

What is the currency of Russia?

The currency of Russia is the ruble. It is divided into 100 kopeks.

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