Home   »   General Studies   »   Largest Railway Station in India

Largest Railway Station in India, List of Top-10

The railway network in India plays a crucial role in the nation’s transportation infrastructure, facilitating the daily transportation of numerous passengers and goods. As the world’s fourth-largest railway system, it encompasses approximately 7,500 stations. This article will delve into India’s most notable railway station, revealing fascinating details about its significance and operations.

India’s Largest Railway Station 2023

The Howrah Junction, established in 1854, identified by the station code HWH, stands as the oldest, most extensive and busiest railway complex in India as of 2023. It falls under the jurisdiction of both the Eastern Railway and the South Eastern Railway, with divisions in Howrah and Kharagpur. Boasting a remarkable 23 platforms and 25 tracks, Howrah Junction is recognized as the largest railway station in India. Renowned for its historical significance and bustling activity, it remains one of the world’s busiest and largest train stations. Serving as one of the six intercity train stations in the Kolkata metropolitan area, alongside Sealdah, Dankuni, Santragachi, Shalimar and Kolkata railway station, Howrah Junction continues to play a pivotal role in the country’s railway network.

Largest Railway Station in India

The largest railway station in India by total area and platforms is Howrah Junction (station code: HWH) located in Howrah, West Bengal. It has the highest train-handling capacity and serves as a major transportation hub in the country.

Here is the list of largest railway station in India:

Name No. of Platforms No. of tracks No. of daily trains City State
Howrah Junction Railway Station 23 23 286 Howrah West Bengal
Sealdah Railway Station 21 28 78 Kolkata West Bengal
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus 18 40 (multiple) 130 Mumbai Maharashtra
Chennai Central Railway Station 17 30 170 Chennai Tamil Nadu
New Delhi Railway Station 16 18 342 New Delhi Delhi
Ahmedabad Junction Railway Station 12 16 340 Ahmedabad Gujarat
Kharagpur Junction Railway Station 12 24 265 Kharagpur West Bengal

1. Largest Railway Station in India: Howrah Junction Railway Station

 

 

Largest Railway Station in India, List of Top-10_40.1
Howrah Junction Railway Station
  • Opened: 1854
  • Station code: HWH
  • Zone: Eastern Railway & South Eastern Railway
  • Divisions: Howrah & Kharagpur
  • Platforms: 23
  • Tracks: 25

It is the oldest, largest and busiest railway complex in India as well as one of the busiest and largest train stations in the world. Howrah is one of six intercity train stations serving the Kolkata metropolitan area, the others being Sealdah, Dankuni, Santragachi, Shalimar and Kolkata railway station.

 

2. Second Largest Railway Station in India: Sealdah Railway Station

Largest Railway Station in India, List of Top-10_50.1
Sealdah Railway Station
  • Opened: 1862
  • Station Code: SDAH
  • Zones: Eastern Railway Zone
  • Divisions: Sealdah
  • Platforms: 21
  • Tracks: 28

Sealdah is the second largest railway station in India and one of India’s major railway terminals serving the city of Kolkata. It is the busiest railway station in India in terms of daily passenger’s footfall with over 1.2 million. It is an important suburban rail terminal.

 

3. Third Largest Railway Station in India: Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

Largest Railway Station in India, List of Top-10_60.1
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

 

  • Opened: 1853
  • Rebuilt: 1888
  • Station Code: CSMT
  • Zones: Central Railway Zone
  • Divisions: Mumbai CR
  • Platforms: 18
  • Divisions: 40 (multiple)

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is the third largest railway station of India and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, India. This terminal was initially named as Victoria Terminus and later renamed after Shivaji, the Maratha Empire founder. In 2017, it became Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus.

4. Chennai Central Railway Station

Largest Railway Station in India, List of Top-10_70.1
Chennai Central Railway Station
  • Opened: 1873
  • Station code: MAS
  • Zone: Southern Railway Zone
  • Divisions: Chennai
  • Platforms: 17
  • Tracks: 17

Chennai Central, also known as Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M.G. Ramachandran Central Railway Station, is a vital railway terminus in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. It is historic and iconic station, connecting the city to major destinations across India. Renowned for its architectural significance, the station serves as a key hub for both long-distance and suburban services, accommodating approximately 550,000 passengers daily.

5. New Delhi Railway Station

Largest Railway Station in India, List of Top-10_80.1
New Delhi Railway Station
  • Opened: 1926
  • Station code: NDLS
  • Zone: Northern Railway Zone
  • Divisions: Delhi
  • Platforms: 16
  • Tracks: 18

New Delhi Railway Station, situated in the hearts of the Indian capital, serves as a major transportation hub. Originally inaugurated with one platform in 1956, the station has undergone expansions to accommodate its high traffic volume. With 16 platforms, it handles about 235 trains daily and caters to over 2.13 lakh passengers, which can increase to 5-6 lakh during peak seasons. Notably, it holds the world record for the largest route relay interlocking system. It is classified as an NSG-1 station based on commercial importance.

6. Ahmedabad Junction Railway Station

Largest Railway Station in India, List of Top-10_90.1
Ahmedabad Junction Railway Station
  • Station Code: ADI
  • Zone: Western Railway Zone
  • Divisions: Ahmedabad
  • Platforms: 9
  • Tracks: 16

Ahmedabad Junction (ADI) is Gujarat’s primary railway hub and one of India’s major stations. As the state’s largest station, it is a pivotal link to key cities like Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi and Howrah. Serving as Gujarat’s central railway hub, it connects to regions including Saurashtra, Kutch, Vadodara, Surat and more.

7. Kharagpur Junction Railway Station

Largest Railway Station in India, List of Top-10_100.1
Kharagpur Junction Railway Station
  • Opened: 1898-1899
  • Station code: KGP
  • Zone: South Eastern Railway Zone
  • Divisions: Kharagpur
  • Platforms: 12
  • Tracks: 24

Kharagpur Junction Railway Station, located in West Bengal’s Paschim Medinipur district, is a vital rail hub. It ranks as the fourth longest station in platform length, following Hubli Junction, Gorakhpur Junction and Kollam Junction. Recognized as an A-1 category station by Indian Railways, it holds significant importance in the region’s rail network.

Find More General Studies News Here

 

Largest Railway Station in India, List of Top-10_110.1

FAQs

Which is the largest railway station in India?

The largest railway station in India by total area and platforms is Howrah Junction (station code: HWH) located in Howrah, West Bengal.

Which is the second largest railway station in India?

The second largest station in India is Sealdah Railway Station (SDAH) which has total 21 platforms and is located in Kolakata, West Bengal.

What is the other name of Chennai Central Railway Station?

Chennai Central, also known as Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M.G. Ramachandran Central Railway Station, is a vital railway terminus in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.