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What is the Length of Indian Coastline

India, a country known for its diverse culture, rich history, and vibrant landscapes, boasts a coastline that stretches along the Arabian Sea in the west, the Indian Ocean in the south, and the Bay of Bengal in the east. The length of India’s coastline is a subject of interest and often sparks curiosity among enthusiasts. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of India’s coastal length, exploring its significance, challenges, and measurement methodologies.

Length of the Indian Coastline

The coastline of India stands as a testament to its geographical diversity and strategic significance. With a total length of 7,516.6 kilometers, India’s coastline encompasses nine coastal states, four union territories, and two groups of islands. Among the states, Gujarat boasts the longest coastline, stretching over 1,214.7 kilometers, while the Andaman and Nicobar Islands claim the largest coastal area among the union territories.

Coastal States of India

The nine coastal states of India encompass a diverse range of cultures, landscapes, and economic activities. From the bustling ports of Gujarat to the serene beaches of Kerala, each state adds its unique flavor to the coastal tapestry of India. These states are:

  • Gujarat
  • West Bengal
  • Kerala
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Goa
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Odisha
  • Karnataka

Coastal UTs of India

In addition to the coastal states, India’s coastline is also dotted with four union territories, each contributing to the rich mosaic of coastal life. These union territories are:

  • Daman & Diu
  • Andaman & Nicobar Islands
  • Puducherry
  • Lakshadweep Islands

Length of Indian Coastline – Statewise List

The length of India’s coastline varies from state to state, with Gujarat boasting the longest coastline and Daman & Diu the shortest. Here is a breakdown of the coastline length of each state and union territory:

State/ UTs Length of Coastline (in km)
Gujarat 1214.7
Odisha 476.4
Tamil Nadu 906.9
Andhra Pradesh 973.9
Goa 101
Maharashtra 652.6
Kerala 569.7
Karnataka 280
West Bengal 157.5
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1962
Lakshadweep Islands 132
Puducherry 47.6
Daman & Diu 42.5

Significance of Coastal States of India

The coastal states of India are of immense significance due to their vital role in the nation’s economy, biodiversity, and cultural heritage. They serve as hubs for trade, tourism, and fisheries, while also providing valuable ecosystems such as mangroves, coral reefs, and estuaries that support marine life and protect coastlines from erosion.

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