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Longest Tributary in India

Rivers hold a special significance in India, serving as sources of drinking water, irrigation, and revered as motherly figures. Indians hold a profound reverence for rivers, considering them sacred entities. Among India’s diverse array of rivers, the Yamuna stands out as the longest tributary, playing a crucial role in the country’s cultural andecological landscape.

Importance of Rivers in India

Rivers are integral to India’s cultural, social, and economic fabric. They are not merely sources of water but are worshipped as goddesses, with rituals and ceremonies conducted along their banks. The Yamuna, in particular, holds a revered status, attracting devotees who seek spiritual solace and purification in its waters.

Longest Tributary in India

The longest tributary in India is the Yamuna river. Originating from the Kalind Parvat in Uttarakhand, it flows through the plains of Haryana and Delhi before merging with the Ganges at Prayagraj (Allahabad). Spanning approximately 1,436 kilometers, the Yamuna sustains diverse ecosystems and plays a vital role in India’s cultural, social, and ecological landscape.

Significance of Yamuna River

The Yamuna River holds immense cultural and historical significance in India. Originating from the Kalind Parvat in Uttarakhand, it traverses through the plains of Haryana and Delhi before merging with the Ganges at Prayagraj, also known as Allahabad. The river’s total length spans approximately 1,436 kilometers, making it the longest tributary of the Ganges.

Tributaries of the Yamuna River

The Yamuna River has several tributaries contributing to its flow:

  • Left Bank: Hindon, Tons, Hanuman Ganga, Sasur Khaderi
  • Right Bank: Giri, Baghain, Sabi, Chambal, Betwa, Sindh, Ken

Among these, the Chambal River is the longest tributary, possessing a significant basin of its own.

Ecological and Environmental Concerns of the Yamuna River

Despite its cultural and ecological significance, the Yamuna faces numerous challenges, including pollution, encroachment, and over-extraction of water. Industrial effluents, sewage discharge, and agricultural runoff have severely degraded water quality, posing health risks to millions of people reliant on the river for drinking water and livelihoods.


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