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Major Stock Exchange in India 2024, List of Stock Exchanges in India

India, a burgeoning economic powerhouse, boasts a robust financial ecosystem supported by its major stock exchanges. These exchanges serve as vital platforms for trading securities, mobilizing capital, and facilitating investment opportunities, thereby driving economic growth and development across the nation. Let’s delve into the key stock exchanges that shape India’s financial landscape.

What are Stock Exchanges?

Stock exchanges are financial marketplaces where securities such as stocks, bonds, commodities, and derivatives are bought and sold. They provide platforms for investors to trade these instruments, enabling capital to flow between investors and companies. Stock exchanges facilitate price discovery, liquidity, and transparency in the market, playing a crucial role in shaping the global financial system.

Function of Stock Exchange

Stock exchanges serve several key functions in the financial markets:

  • Facilitating Trading: Stock exchanges provide a platform for buying and selling securities, including stocks, bonds, commodities, and derivatives, enabling investors to execute transactions efficiently.
  • Price Discovery: Through continuous trading activity, stock exchanges facilitate the process of price discovery, determining fair market values for securities based on supply and demand dynamics.
  • Liquidity Enhancement: By bringing together buyers and sellers, stock exchanges enhance market liquidity, allowing investors to enter and exit positions with relative ease and minimal impact on prices.
  • Capital Formation: Stock exchanges play a crucial role in capital formation by enabling companies to raise funds through initial public offerings (IPOs) and subsequent equity issuances, thereby facilitating investment in productive ventures.
  • Risk Management: Stock exchanges offer various risk management tools, such as derivatives and futures contracts, allowing investors to hedge against price fluctuations and mitigate exposure to market volatility.
  • Transparency and Regulation: Stock exchanges enforce listing requirements and regulatory standards to ensure transparency and fairness in trading activities, thereby fostering investor confidence and market integrity.
  • Information Dissemination: Stock exchanges provide timely and accurate information on listed companies, including financial reports, corporate actions, and market data, enabling investors to make informed investment decisions.

Major Stock Exchanges of India

The primary venues for trading in the Indian stock market are the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). These two exchanges dominate the landscape of stock trading in India, serving as the main platforms where investors buy and sell securities. Additionally, India also has a nascent initiative known as the Social Stock Exchange.

The three major stock exchanges of India are:

  • Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)
  • National Stock Exchange (NSE)
  • Social Stock Exchange

Largest Stock Exchange in India – National Stock Exchange (NSE)

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Established in 1875 and headquartered in Mumbai, the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) stands as Asia’s oldest exchange and a premier hub in India’s financial landscape. With nearly 5000 listed companies, it ranks among the world’s largest stock markets. Operating on the BSE Online Trading (BOLT) system, it facilitates seamless trading in equities, derivatives, and debt securities. Beyond trading, BSE prioritizes investor education, fosters financial literacy, and actively seeks foreign investment to internationalize India’s capital market.

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

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Established in 1992 and headquartered in Mumbai, the National Stock Exchange (NSE) is a cornerstone of the Indian financial ecosystem. It facilitates trading in equities, derivatives, and currency futures through its automated electronic trading system, NEAT, ensuring swift order matching and market transparency. The NSE’s pioneering initiatives include the introduction of index-based trading, notably the Nifty 50 index, a widely followed benchmark in the Indian equity market. Continuously innovating, the NSE offers a range of indices and products to meet diverse investor requirements.

Social Stock Exchange

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A Social Stock Exchange (SSE) specializes in trading securities of social enterprises and impact-driven organizations, aiming to generate positive social and environmental impact alongside financial returns. SSEs list social impact bonds, green bonds, and other impact investment products, with stringent eligibility criteria emphasizing social and environmental standards. They promote transparency and accountability in reporting performance, providing a marketplace for impact investors to allocate capital toward ventures aligned with sustainable development goals. SSEs globally connect impact-driven enterprises with investors seeking both financial returns and societal benefits, fostering a more inclusive and responsible approach to investing.

List of Stock Exchanges in India

Here is the complete list of stock exchanges in India:

STOCK EXCHANGES IN INDIA
Name Headquarter Year of Establishment Current Status
Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) Mumbai 1875 Permanent
National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) Mumbai 1992 Permanent
Calcutta Stock Exchange (CSE) Kolkata 1908 Permanent
India International Exchange (India INX) Gujarat 2017 Valid till Dec 28, 2019
Metropolitan Stock Exchange of India ltd. Mumbai 2008 Valid till Sep 15, 2019
NSE IFSC Ltd. Gujarat 2016 Valid till May 28, 2020
Madras Stock Exchange Chennai 1937 Closed in 2015
Inter-connected Stock Exchange Ltd. Mumbai 1998 Closed in 2014
OTC Exchange Of India Mumbai 1990 Closed in 2015
Bangalore Stock Exchange (BgSE) Bangalore 1963 Closed in 2014
Ahmedabad Stock Exchange Ahmedabad 1894 Closed in 2018
Cochin Stock Exchange Kochi 1978 Closed in 2014
Madhya Pradesh Stock Exchange Indore 1919 Closed in 2015
Saurashtra Kutch Stock Exchange Rajkot 1989 Closed in 2013
Mangalore Stock Exchange Mangalore 1984 Closed in 2014
Vadodara Stock Exchange Vadodara 1990 Closed in 2015
Bhubaneswar Stock Exchange Bhubaneswar 1989 Closed in 2015
Coimbatore Stock Exchange Coimbatore 1991 Closed in 2013
Delhi Stock Exchange Association New Delhi 1947 Closed in 2017
Guwahati Stock Exchange Guwahati 1983 Closed in 2015
Jaipur Stock Exchange Jaipur 1989 Closed in 2015
Lucknow City Stock Exchange Lucknow 1978 Closed in 2015
Ludhiana Stock Exchange Association Ludhiana 1983 Closed in 2014
Pune Stock Exchange Pune 1982 Closed in 2015

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FAQs

Which is the largest stock exchange in India?

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), established in 1875 and headquartered in Mumbai, the stands as Asia's oldest exchange and a premier hub in India's financial landscape

Name the top-3 major stock exchange in India.

The three major stock exchanges of India are:
• Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)
• National Stock Exchange (NSE)
• Social Stock Exchange

Which is the largest stock exchange in the world?

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is the largest stock exchange in the world by market capitalization. It is based in the United States and has a market cap of a staggering $24.3 trillion.