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National Doctor’s Day 2023: Date, Significance and History

Every year on July 1st, India observes National Doctor’s Day to pay tribute to the esteemed Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, who was not only a renowned doctor but also a distinguished politician, a freedom fighter, and a champion of education. While soldiers protect borders, doctors are regarded as soldiers who combat diseases and save the lives of countless individuals. They play a vital role in society, and it is crucial to acknowledge their selfless dedication and commemorate this day as a means of honoring their sacrifices.

Significance of National Doctors’ Day

In India, the observance of National Doctors’ Day serves as a platform to recognize and emphasize the invaluable contributions of doctors to society. This event also aids in fostering public awareness regarding the crucial responsibilities and duties entrusted to doctors in the treatment of patients. In times of medical crises, it is essential for us all to express gratitude for the tireless efforts and support provided by our doctors. This includes acknowledging the remarkable contributions of healthcare professionals, including doctors and nurses, during the COVID-19 pandemic, as they continue their relentless battle against the virus.

History of National Doctors’ Day in India

In India, National Doctors’ Day was initially established on July 1, 1991, as a tribute to Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, who made significant contributions to the medical field. This date holds significance as it coincides with both his birth and death anniversaries.

Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy (July 1, 1882–July 1, 1962) was a renowned physician, educator, freedom fighter, social worker, and politician. He served as the chief minister of West Bengal for an impressive period of 14 years (1948–1962). Recognizing his remarkable achievements, Dr. Roy was honored with the prestigious Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India, on February 4, 1961.

Throughout his life, he dedicated himself to the service of the people, treating numerous individuals, and becoming a source of inspiration for millions. Notably, he was also the personal physician of Mahatma Gandhi. In honor of his legacy, the B.C. Roy National Award was established in 1976 to recognize outstanding individuals in various fields such as health, science, public affairs, philosophy, arts, and literature.

Dr. B.C. Roy’s Biography

Born on July 1, 1882, in Patna, Bihar, Dr. B.C. Roy embarked on his medical journey by obtaining his medical degree in Calcutta, followed by MRCP and FRCS degrees in London. In 1911, he commenced his medical career as a practicing physician in India. He went on to hold teaching positions at institutions like Calcutta Medical College, Campbell Medical School, and Carmichael Medical College.

On July 1, 1962, Dr. Roy passed away, and since 1991, this date has been recognized as Doctors’ Day nationwide. Dr. B.C. Roy was a renowned physician, educator, and actively participated in the freedom struggle. He aligned himself with Mahatma Gandhi during the Civil Disobedience Movement and subsequently climbed the ranks within the Indian National Congress, ultimately serving as the Chief Minister of West Bengal.

National Doctors’ Day in India

In India, National Doctors’ Day serves as a dedicated occasion to acknowledge and pay tribute to the crucial roles and responsibilities carried out by doctors. This annual observance also aims to raise public awareness about the significance of doctors and the invaluable care they provide.

Various activities are organized nationwide, including consultation workshops, free medical checkup camps, and general screening test camps. Additionally, initiatives are taken at schools and colleges to inspire young individuals to pursue a career in medicine. Patients express their gratitude to doctors through greeting cards, gifts, bouquets, and other tokens of appreciation.

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