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OECD Raises Indian Economy Growth Forecast to 6.6% for 2024-25

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has revised India’s GDP growth projection upward to 6.6% for the fiscal year 2024-25. This adjustment reflects the anticipation of robust growth driven primarily by increased public investment and improved business sentiment.

Key Observations

Buoyant Public Investment and Business Confidence

  • OECD attributes the elevated growth forecast to buoyant public investment and enhanced business confidence, anticipating a positive impact on India’s gross domestic product (GDP) trajectory.

Drivers of Domestic Demand

  • Gross capital formation, particularly in the public sector, is identified as a significant driver of domestic demand. Private consumption growth is expected to remain subdued, while exports, particularly in services like IT and consulting, are projected to expand, bolstered by foreign investment.

Challenges and Recommendations

  • Despite the positive outlook, challenges persist, including sluggish private consumption, modest job creation, and tight financial conditions. The OECD emphasizes the importance of addressing indebtedness through revenue enhancement, spending efficiency improvements, and stronger fiscal regulations. Fiscal consolidation is deemed necessary, albeit likely to impact public investment.

Global Economic Outlook

  • Globally, GDP growth is forecasted to reach 3.1% in 2024, with a slight uptick to 3.2% in 2025. Variances across countries are noted, with stronger growth in the US and major emerging markets juxtaposed against softer outcomes in Europe and several low-income nations.

Risks and Upside Potential

  • Downside risks to India’s growth prospects include potential supply chain disruptions due to geopolitical tensions, food inflation stemming from extreme weather events, and negative spillovers from global financial market fluctuations. Conversely, growth could surpass expectations if ongoing disinflation bolsters purchasing power, stimulating household consumption, business investment, and job creation.

Monetary Policy Outlook

  • The report anticipates the possibility of the Reserve Bank of India implementing its first rate cut by late 2024, with cumulative cuts of up to 125 basis points by March 2026, contingent upon a normal monsoon season and stable inflation expectations.

OECD Raises Indian Economy Growth Forecast to 6.6% for 2024-25_4.1