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PMI Manufacturing Hits 18-Month Low at 54.9 in December Amid Festival Demand Slowdown

The HSBC India Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) for manufacturing dropped to an 18-month low of 54.9 in December, down from 56 in November, signaling a slowdown. Despite this, the sector remains in expansion mode, marking 30 consecutive months with the index above 50, indicative of growth. The decline was attributed to a weaker rise in new orders and output.

Key Points

  • Expansion Continues: The manufacturing sector continued to expand in December, albeit at a softer pace, maintaining growth momentum despite a decline.

  • Business Confidence: Although there were softer increases in factory orders and output, business confidence for the year ahead strengthened.

  • Factors Influencing Growth: New business gains, favorable market conditions, fairs, and expositions contributed to a sharp increase in manufacturing during December.

  • International Orders: International order receipts at Indian goods producers saw a 21st consecutive increase, with gains from clients in Asia, Europe, and North America.

  • Challenges: Growth was curbed by fading demand for certain products, leading to the slowest pace of expansion since October 2022.

  • Inflation and Costs: Purchasing costs saw a further uptick at the end of 2023, particularly in chemicals, paper, and textiles. Despite inflation, it remained negligible compared to historical standards.

Important Questions Related to Exams

  1. What was the HSBC India Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) for manufacturing in December, and how does it compare to the previous month?

  2. Explain the significance of the PMI remaining above 50 for 30 consecutive months. How does this reflect on the overall health of the manufacturing sector?
  3. What were the key factors contributing to the slowdown in the manufacturing sector in December, as mentioned in the report?
  4. Highlight the trends in international orders for Indian goods producers in December and identify the regions contributing to these gains.

Please provide your answers in the comment section!!

 

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PMI Manufacturing Hits 18-Month Low at 54.9 in December Amid Festival Demand Slowdown_50.1

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