The 2021 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Report was jointly released by UNDP and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI). The report provides estimates on multidimensional poverty across 109 developing countries (with data from surveys ranging 2009-2019/2020); These include 26 low-income countries, 80 middle-income countries and 3 high-income countries. The index measures each person’s deprivations across 10 indicators divided into three equally weighted dimensions.
About the Index:
- The finding is based across 109 countries and 5.9 billion people. of this, 1.3 billion people are multidimensionally poor (or 21.7%)
- About half (644 million) are children under age 18.
- About 8.2 per cent (105 million) are age 60 or older.
- Nearly 85 per cent live in Sub-Saharan Africa (556 million) or South Asia (532 million).
- 84 per cent (1.1 billion) live in rural areas, and 16 per cent (about 209 million) live in urban areas.
- More than 67 per cent live in middle-income countries.
- In India, five out of six multidimensionally poor people were from lower tribes or castes.