Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath has made a significant announcement regarding the Gangetic Dolphin, designating it as the state’s aquatic animal. This move highlights the importance of conserving these unique creatures and preserving the purity of the rivers and ponds they inhabit. Uttar Pradesh’s decision to declare the Gangetic Dolphin as the state aquatic animal and the launch of the “Meri Ganga Meri Dolphin 2023” campaign demonstrate the government’s commitment to wildlife conservation, environmental preservation, and raising awareness about the importance of maintaining the purity of rivers and ponds. These efforts contribute to the broader goal of protecting India’s rich biodiversity and ecological heritage.
Significance of the Gangetic Dolphin
Gangetic dolphins are a unique and endangered species found in rivers such as Ganga, Yamuna, Chambal, Ghaghra, Rapti, and Gerua. They serve as important indicators of river health due to their sensitivity to water quality, making their conservation crucial for the ecosystem.
Population of Gangetic Dolphins in Uttar Pradesh
The estimated population of Gangetic dolphins in Uttar Pradesh is currently around 2000. Recognizing their conservation value, the state government is taking proactive measures to protect this species.
Employment Opportunities in Tiger Reserves
In addition to recognizing the importance of the Gangetic Dolphin, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath has proposed a plan to train individuals from villages connected to the Tiger Reserves as guides. This initiative aims to create employment opportunities and raise awareness within the local community about the importance of wildlife conservation.
Collaborative Efforts for Dolphin Conservation
Teams from the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Forest Department are actively involved in counting the dolphin population with the aid of GPS technology. Their efforts are focused on the Garh Ganga area in Hapur district, Uttar Pradesh.
The Meri Ganga Meri Dolphin 2023 Campaign
The “Meri Ganga Meri Dolphin 2023” campaign is a comprehensive initiative aimed at safeguarding the Gangetic Dolphin. Part of this campaign involves conducting dolphin population counts along the Ganga River, spanning from Muzaffarpur Barrage to the entire Narora Barrage.
Dolphin Counting Methodology
The campaign employs a unique method for counting dolphins. It involves two teams, each traveling at a speed of 10 kilometers per hour with a 10-minute interval between them. This approach allows for more accurate data collection and identification of individual dolphins.
Historical Dolphin Population Trends
Based on historical data, the population of Gangetic dolphins has shown both growth and fluctuations. For instance, in 2015, there were 22 dolphins, while in 2020, the count increased to 41 dolphins. These numbers reflect the importance of continuous monitoring and conservation efforts.
The Protective Status of State Aquatic Animals
The designation of the Gangetic Dolphin as the state aquatic animal in Uttar Pradesh grants it additional protection and recognition. This move underscores the significance of these creatures as vital indicators of river health and environmental well-being.
Important takeaways for all competitive exams:
- Uttar Pradesh Capital: Lucknow (Executive Branch);
- Uttar Pradesh Chief minister: Yogi Adityanath;
- Uttar Pradesh Governor: Anandiben Patel;
- Uttar Pradesh Region: North India;
- Uttar Pradesh Land area: 243,286 km²;
- Uttar Pradesh Official sport: Field hockey.