Home   »   Economy and Finance   »   Urban Unemployment in India Declines to...

Urban Unemployment in India Declines to 6.8% in January to March 2023 quarter

The urban unemployment rate in India has continued its downward trajectory, reaching 6.8% in the January to March 2023 quarter. This marks the seventh consecutive quarter of decline and indicates a positive trend in the urban labor market’s recovery from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The latest data from the periodic labor force survey reveals encouraging signs of economic revival, with the lowest quarterly unemployment rate recorded since the inception of the survey. As India prepares for upcoming state elections, job creation remains a critical issue on the agenda.

Steady Decline in Unemployment Rate

In the preceding two quarters, the urban unemployment rate stood at 7.2%, while in the January to March 2022 quarter, it was 8.2%. Since the peak of 20.8% during the national lockdown in April to June 2020, the unemployment rate has steadily decreased. The latest figure of 6.8% indicates a significant improvement and suggests a positive trajectory for employment opportunities.

Buy Prime Test Series for all Banking, SSC, Insurance & other exams

Gender Disparities Persist

While overall unemployment rates are declining, gender disparities in employment continue to persist. In the January to March 2023 quarter, the unemployment rate among men above 15 years of age in urban areas was 6%, compared to 6.5% in the previous quarter. In contrast, the unemployment rate among women remained high at 9.2%, albeit slightly lower than the 9.6% recorded in the previous quarter. Efforts to address this gender gap in employment remain crucial for a more inclusive labor market.

Increasing Labor Force Participation

The urban labor force participation rate (LFPR) for all ages has witnessed a slight increase, reaching a high of 38.1% in the fourth quarter of the last fiscal year, up from 37.9% in the previous quarter. For individuals above 15 years of age, the urban LFPR was even higher at 48.5% in the same quarter. LFPR measures the percentage of individuals in the labor force, including those working or seeking employment. The rise in LFPR indicates a greater willingness to participate in the labor market, potentially driven by improving job prospects.

Occupational Patterns and Informal Employment

The data also sheds light on occupational patterns and the prevalence of informal employment. Around 48.9% of individuals above 15 years of age in urban areas were engaged in regular or wage-salaried jobs, while 11.7% were categorized as casual labor in the quarter ending March 31, 2023. Approximately 39.5% of individuals were self-employed, and 32.7% worked as own account workers. The rise in the share of helpers in household enterprises, indicating unpaid family labor, to 6.1% from the previous quarter suggests ongoing challenges in the labor market.

Contrasting Indicators and Future Outlook

While the periodic labor force survey data indicates a positive trend in urban employment, other high-frequency indicators, such as the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization’s payroll data, have shown a decline in formal sector employment in recent months. Additionally, the all India Unemployment Rate measured by the Center for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) rose to a four-month high of 8.11% in April, signaling increased workforce participation. As the economy evolves, policymakers and analysts will closely monitor these contrasting indicators to gauge the strength of India’s labor market recovery.

Find More News on Economy Here

Urban Unemployment in India Declines to 6.8% in January to March 2023 quarter_4.1

5th edition of Global Ayurveda Festival to focus on health challenges_80.1