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Wholesale inflation continues downtrend, moderates to 1.34% in March

India’s wholesale-price based inflation eased in March 2023, as input prices continued to moderate. According to government data released on Monday, 17 April 2023. The annual wholesale price inflation (WPI) was recorded at 1.34% year-on-year, which is a significant decrease from the previous month’s reading of 3.85%. The figure is also lower than the Reuters poll estimate of 1.87%, indicating that the Indian economy is showing signs of stability.

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What led to this relief:

The drop in inflation is mainly attributed to lower fuel and food prices. Fuel and power inflation stood at 2.81% in March, down from 8.98% in the same period last year. Food inflation, too, was moderate, with a reading of 3.41% in March, compared to 4.28% in February. The easing of inflationary pressures could help the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to maintain its accommodative policy stance and support growth.

RBI’s continuous effort:

The RBI has been taking several measures to boost the economy, including maintaining low interest rates and liquidity support. The recent moderation in inflation could provide the central bank with some room to maneuver its monetary policy stance. However, the RBI will continue to closely monitor the evolving economic conditions and inflationary pressures.

Significance of this development:

The lower inflation figures could also have a positive impact on consumer spending and business investments. With inflation under control, consumers are likely to have more disposable income, which could boost spending. Lower input costs could also encourage businesses to invest more and expand their operations, which could lead to job creation and economic growth.

It is worth noting that the global economic conditions and commodity prices could still impact India’s inflation outlook. Any adverse global economic developments could lead to higher fuel and commodity prices, which could push up inflation in India. Therefore, policymakers and businesses need to remain vigilant and continue to take measures to address any potential risks.

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