World Diabetes Day 2022:
World Diabetes Day is observed on November 14 every year to bring the attention of the people to health threats posed by diabetes and how to avoid that. On this day, the enormous achievement of insulin discovery by two outstanding scientists, Sir Frederick Banting and Charles Best, is celebrated. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) will be involved in coordinating activities on the day, so keep an eye out for an event near you! Any help or support you can give this cause will be greatly appreciated by everyone concerned.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke and lower limb amputation. Healthy diet, physical activity and avoiding tobacco use can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. In addition diabetes can be treated and its consequences avoided or delayed with medication, regular screening and treatment for complications. Diabetes is a chronic disease, which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. This leads to an increased concentration of glucose in the blood (hyperglycaemia).
Types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes (previously known as insulin-dependent or childhood-onset diabetes) is characterized by a lack of insulin production.
- Type 2 diabetes (formerly called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes) is caused by the body’s ineffective use of insulin. It often results from excess body weight and physical inactivity.
- Gestational diabetes is hyperglycaemia that is first recognized during pregnancy.
World Diabetes Day 2022: Theme
The theme of World Diabetes Day between the years 2021 and 2023 is a really important topic is “Access to Diabetes Care.”
World Diabetes Day 2022: Significance
This day is celebrated mainly to raise awareness of diabetes through campaigns reaching more than 1 billion people globally. Moreover, it promotes IDF advocacy efforts throughout the year. It helps acknowledge the importance of taking concerted actions to fight against diabetes.
World Diabetes Day is represented by a blue circle logo, adopted in 2007 by the UN Resolution. This logo is the symbol of diabetes awareness, signifying the unity of the global diabetes community.
World Diabetes Day: History
World Diabetes Day was first observed in the year 1991 by the declaration of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the World Health Organisation (WHO). November 14 was picked as World Diabetes Day because it was the birth anniversary of Frederick Banting, who, along with Charles Best, discovered insulin. And in 1991, the day marked his 100th birthday anniversary, and therefore, it was announced as World Diabetes Day to raise awareness towards diabetes all across the world.
Important takeaways for all competitive exams:
- International Diabetes Federation Headquarters location: Brussels, Belgium;
- International Diabetes Federation Founded: 23 September 1950;
- International Diabetes Federation President: Prof Andrew Boulton.