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World Hypertension Day 2022: 17th May 2022

World Hypertension Day 2022

World Hypertension Day is observed every year on 17th May, to raise awareness and encourage hypertension prevention, detection, and treatment. The major risk factor for cardiovascular disease is high blood pressure and hypertension is known as the “Silent Killer”. The force produced by flowing blood on the walls of the body’s arteries, or main blood vessels, is known as blood pressure. When blood pressure is excessively high, it is called hypertension. Blood pressure is measured as a two-digit figure. When the heart contracts or beats, the first number (systolic) shows the pressure in blood vessels. The second number (diastolic) indicates the pressure in the arteries while the heart is at rest between beats.

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Key Points:

  • If the systolic blood pressure measurements on two distinct days are both 140 mmHg and/or the diastolic blood pressure readings on both days are 90 mmHg, hypertension is diagnosed.
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) affects over one billion individuals globally and is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease and early mortality.
  •  Hypertension is disproportionately prevalent in low- and middle-income nations, accounting for two-thirds of all occurrences, owing to rising risk factors in those populations in recent decades.
  • Furthermore, almost half of persons with hypertension are ignorant of their disease, placing them at risk of medical problems and mortality that may be avoided.

Hypertension statistics:

  • Hypertension, often known as high blood pressure, is a dangerous medical condition that raises the risk of heart, brain, kidney, and other disorders dramatically.
  • Hypertension affects an estimated 1.28 billion persons aged 30 to 79 globally, with the majority (two-thirds) residing in low- and middle-income nations.
  • An estimated 46% of persons with hypertension are completely ignorant of their illness.
  • Hypertension is identified and treated in less than half of individuals (42 percent).
  • Approximately one in every five persons (21%) has hypertension under control.
  • Hypertension is a leading cause of death in the world.
  • Between 2010 and 2030, one of the worldwide noncommunicable disease objectives is to lower hypertension prevalence by 33%.


  • The World Hypertension League (WHL), which is an umbrella organisation for 85 national hypertension societies and leagues, has recognised and inaugurated World Hypertension Day (WHD). The goal of the day was to raise hypertension awareness.
  • This was especially crucial since hypertension individuals lacked the necessary understanding. On May 14, 2005, the WHL debuted their inaugural WHD. Since 2006, the WHL has designated May 17 as World Hypertension Day.
  • Blood pressures of fewer than 140/90 mmHg are advised for the general population and hypertension patients without additional comorbidities, and less than 130/80 mmHg for individuals with diabetes or chronic renal disease. International and Canadian authorities propose the following cut-off values.

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