The concept of the “Seven Wonders of the World” has captivated the imagination of people for centuries. These awe-inspiring structures and creations are evident to the ingenuity, creativity and craftsmanship of ancient civilizations. While there have been various lists of wonders throughout history, the modern consensus identifies the New Seven Wonders of the World, showcasing a mix of ancient and contemporary marvels that continue to leave us in awe.
Name and Location of 7 Wonders of the World
Here is the list of “Seven Wonders of the World” with their location:
|7 Wonder of the World|
|1.||Great Wall of China||China|
|2.||Chichen Itza||Ma’an, Jordan|
|3.||Petra||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|4.||Machu Picchu||Urubamba Province, Peru|
|5.||Christ the Redeemer||Yucatan, Mexico|
|7.||Taj Mahal||Agra, India|
1. Great Wall of China
- Location: Stretches across North China from east to west
- Country: China
- Built in: Construction started in the 7th century BC
- Built by: Qin Dynasty, Ming Dynasty
The Great Wall of China, spanning approximately 5,500 miles (8,850 km), ranks among the world’s most massive construction projects. Construction commenced in the 7th century BCE and continued for two millennia. It consists of two parallel walls for significant stretches, along with watchtowers and barracks. Ironically, its efficacy in preventing invasions was limited, leading scholars to suggest it was more of a political symbol than a practical defence.
2. Chichen Itza
- Location: Yucatan
- Country: Mexico
- Built in: 5th-13th century
- Built by: Mayo-Toltec Civilization
Chichen Itza, a Mayan city in Mexico, thrived during the 5th to 13th century CE. Influenced by the Toltecs, the Itza Mayans constructed significant monuments, including the iconic stepped pyramid called EI Castillo, towering 79 feet above the Main Plaza. This pyramid’s design, with 365 steps representing the solar year, showcases the Mayans’ astronomical prowess. During equinoxes, the setting sun casts shadows that resemble a serpent descending the north stairway, with a stone snake head at its base.
- Location: Ma’an Governorate
- Country: Jordan
- Built in: 5th century BC
- Built by: The Nabataean
Petra, also known as Raqmu or the Rose City, is a captivating historical and archaeological marvel in southern Jordan. Founded by the Nabataean tribe, it served as a bustling trade hub, strategically located between Jerusalem, Amman, Damascus and the Red Sea. This “City of Roses” is celebrated as one of the 7 Wonder of the World.
4. Machu Picchu
- Location: Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District
- Country: Republic of Peru
- Built in: Construction is believed to be started in 1450-1460
- Built by: Incan Empire
In 1911, Hiram Bingham discovered Machu Picchu, an Incan site in Peru, near Cuzco. Initially mistaken for Vilcabamba, a hidden Incan stronghold from the 16th-century revolt against the Spanish, Machu Picchu is now recognized as one of the few remarkably preserved pre-Columbian ruins and is counted among the 7 Wonder of the World.
5. Christ the Redeemer
- Location: Corcovado Mountain, Rio de Janeiro
- Country: Brazil
- Built in: 1922-31
- Built by: Designed by sculptor Paul Landowski and built by engineer Heitor da Silva Costa in collaboration with Albert Caquot
The Christ the Redeemer Statue or Cristo Redentor, stands atop Mount Corcovado in Rio de Janeiro. Designed by Heitor da Silva Costa in Art Deco style, this 130-foot tall statue is constructed from reinforced concrete and soapstone, weighing 635 tonnes. Financed mostly through contributions, it offers breathtaking views of Rio from the Peak of Corcovado Mountain in Tijuca Forest National Park.
6. The Colosseum
- Location: Rome
- Country: Italy
- Built in: Commissioned around A.D. 70-72
- Built by: Emperor Verpasian of the Flavian dynasty
The Colosseum, formally known as the Flavian Amphithreatre, grace Rome. Titus, Verpasian’s son, unveiled it in AD 80, hosting 100 days of thrilling games featuring gladiators and beasts. An iconic Wonder of the World, though two-thirds of the original structure is gone, it remains a top tourist destination.
7. Taj Mahal
- Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh
- Country: India
- Built in: 1632-53
- Built by: Emperor Shah Jahan
Agra, India houses the Taj Mahal, a stunning marble mausoleum complex showcasing exquisite Mughal architecture. Constructed by Shah (resigned 1628-58) in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, it’s hailed as one of the New 7 Wonders of the World. Over 20,000 artisans, guided by skilled architects, dedicated their expertise to this remarkable project.