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Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Resolve Long-Standing Border Disputes with Landmark Pact

Assam-Arunachal Pradesh Resolve Long-Standing Border Disputes

In the presence of Union Home Minister Amit Shah, an agreement was signed between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh to resolve a border dispute that had been ongoing for over 50 years. This agreement will lead to the settlement of 123 villages located in areas shared by the two northeastern states.

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Landmark Pact between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh: Key Points

  • The agreement was signed by the Chief Minister of Assam, Himanta Biswa Sarma, and his counterpart from Arunachal Pradesh, Pema Khandu.
  • There has been a border dispute between the two states since Arunachal Pradesh became a union territory in 1972, which continued when it became a state in 1987.
  • The length of the disputed border is 804.1 kilometers.
  • Shah announced that the disagreement over 123 villages located on either side of the state border has been conclusively resolved.
  • This noteworthy occurrence took place during the country’s 75th Independence Day celebrations.
  • Shah expressed his satisfaction that Assam and Arunachal Pradesh were able to peacefully settle their longstanding border dispute, which had been ongoing since 1972.
  • He also expressed confidence that this boundary settlement would lead to comprehensive progress and tranquility in the Northeast region.
  • The minister responsible for domestic affairs stated that Modi has been strongly advocating for the development of the languages, literature, and culture of the Northeast region.
  • The outstanding achievement of the Bihu dance is an excellent illustration of this.
  • The minister also mentioned that the report on the border dispute from the Local Commission has been circulating for many years. However, it has now been accepted by both states.
  • He believes that this agreement will be a significant step forward in fulfilling Modi’s vision of a peaceful, prosperous, and conflict-free Northeast region.

Home Minister on Landmark Pact between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh

Amit Shah mentioned that the central government has entered into multiple agreements since 2018, including with the Bru tribe, insurgent groups such as NLFT, and some from Karbi Anglong in Assam, resulting in peace and cessation of violence in the Northeastern region.

He noted that there has been a significant decrease in violent incidents, with a 67% reduction since 2014, a 60% decrease in security forces’ deaths, and an 83% reduction in civilian deaths in the area, which is a commendable achievement.

The minister of home affairs also highlighted that the Modi administration has revoked the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act from most places in Assam, 15 police stations in six Manipur districts, all but three districts in Arunachal Pradesh, seven districts in Nagaland, as well as the entire Tripura and Meghalaya regions.

CM of Assam and A.P. on the Landmark Pact

The chief minister of Assam, Sarma, referred to the signing of the MoU as a significant moment in history and believed that it would bring about peace and prosperity. He stated that this resolution was only possible due to the prime minister’s support, the guidance of the union home minister, and the unwavering support of the chief minister of Arunachal Pradesh. This agreement ends one of India’s most prolonged inter-state disputes after 51 years.

Similarly, the chief minister of Arunachal Pradesh, Khandu, described the resolution of the boundary dispute as an important moment in history and was optimistic that it would transform the peace and development of both states.

About the Landmark Pact between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh

  • There are a total of 71 villages along the border of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, and changes will be made to which state they belong to.
  • One village will be transferred from Arunachal Pradesh to Assam, while 10 villages will remain in Assam and 60 will be transferred to Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The status of 49 villages will be finalized by regional committees within six months, while three villages located in an IAF bombing range will require rehabilitation.
  • The agreement aims to resolve the dispute over the 123 villages along the border, taking into account historical background, demographics, administrative convenience, proximity to the border, and the residents’ aspirations.
  • The agreement is considered final, and neither state can make new claims to any area or village in the future.

After the agreement, representatives from both state governments will conduct a thorough survey with the Survey of India to determine the state boundaries. As a goodwill gesture, the Arunachal Pradesh government will give a large piece of land under its possession in Jorhat to the Assam government, according to Sarma.

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