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Biggest Rat in the World 2024, Know the Names of Top-10

Rats, often associated with urban environments and small sizes, might surprise many with their diversity, including some impressive giants. From remote jungles to urban areas, these rodents have adapted to various ecosystems, evolving into formidable creatures. Here, we delve into the world of the largest rats, uncovering their impressive sizes and habitats.

World’s Biggest Rat

The Sumatran bamboo rat, the largest rat globally, boasts an impressive body size of 20 inches. While their bodies weigh 8.8 pounds, their tails measure a mere 8 inches, distinguishing them from the Gambian pouched rat. Found mainly in China, with some populations in Sumatra, these giants sport dark brown or grey fur, small ears, and bald tails. Preferring burrows, they feed on bamboo and sugar cane, often deemed pests due to crop damage.

Top-10 Biggest Rats in the World

Sumatran Bamboo Rat, with the astonishing size of 20 inches, holds the title of the biggest rat in the world, followed by Gambian Pouched Rat, Bosavi Woolly Rat, and Northern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat.

Here is the list of top-10 largest rats in the world:

LARGEST RATS IN THE WORLD
S. No. Rats Body Size (in inches) Habitat
1. Sumatran Bamboo Rat 20 China, Sumatra
2. Gambian Pouched Rat 17 Africa, invasive in Florida
3. Bosavi Woolly Rat 16 Papua New Guinea
4. Northern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat 15 Philippines
5. Mountain Giant Sunda Rat 11.5 Indonesia, Malaysia
6. Brown Rat 11 Worldwide, except Antarctica
7. Lesser Bandicoot Rat 9.85 Southern Asia, India, Sri Lanka
8. Lesser Bandicoot Rat 8.7 Western North America
9. Red Spiny Rat 8.26 Asia, Thailand, Malaysia, Myanmar, China
10. Tanezumi Rat 8.25 Predominantly across Asia

World’s Largest Rat – Sumatran Bamboo Rat

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Size: 20 inches

Habitat: China, Sumatran

The Sumatran bamboo rat, world’s largest rat, measures 20 inches in body size with an 8-inch tail, mainly residing in China and Sumatra. Sporting dark brown or grey fur, they burrow underground, feeding on bamboo and sugar cane roots, often causing agricultural damage and earning the reputation of pests.

Second Biggest Rat in the World – Grambian Pouched Rat

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Size: 17 inches

Habitat: Africa, invasive in Florida

The Gambian pouched rat, world’s second-largest rat, measures 17 inches in body size with an additional 18-inch tail. Also known as the African giant pouched rat, they’re widespread across Africa and invasive in Florida. Recognizable by their dark brown upper bodies, grey-white bellies, and pouches like hamsters, they possess remarkable scent detection abilities.

Third Largest Rat of the World – Bosavi Woolly Rat

 

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Size: 15 inches

Habitat: Papua New Guinea

The Bosavi woolly rat, world’s third-largest rat, inhabits Papua New Guinea’s Mount Bosavi. Discovered in 2009, this unnamed species measures 16 inches in length with a matching tail. With dense fur, it appears woolly and likely feeds on plants and vegetation, adding mystery to its newfound existence.

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FAQs

Which is the biggest rat in the world?

Sumatran Bamboo Rat, with the astonishing size of 20 inches, holds the title of the biggest rat in the world.

Which is the second largest rat in the world?

The Gambian pouched rat, world's second-largest rat, measures 17 inches in body size with an additional 18-inch tail.

Which is the largest rat in India?

The bandicoot is the largest rat on the Indian subcontinent, with a body and head length of 30–40 cm and an equally long tail; this is twice as large as the black rat or common house rat.

Name the top-5 largest rats in the world.

The top-5 largest rats in the world are: Sumatran Bamboo Rat, Gambian Pouched Rat, Bosavi Woolly Rat, Northern Luzon Giant Cloud Rat, and Mountain Giant Sunda Rat.