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Bihar to Establish Second Tiger Reserve in Kaimur District


In a significant development for wildlife conservation in Bihar, the state is preparing to establish its second tiger reserve within the Kaimur district. With the growing tiger population and concerted efforts by the State Forest Department, this new reserve is expected to bolster tiger conservation efforts and enrich the state’s biodiversity. In this article, we explore the key details surrounding this exciting development.

The upcoming tiger reserve in Kaimur district will complement the existing Valmiki Tiger Reserve (VTR) located in the West Champaran district of Bihar. This expansion reflects the state’s commitment to safeguarding its rich wildlife heritage. The establishment of a second tiger reserve signifies a proactive approach to protect and conserve the majestic big cats and their habitat.

Rising Tiger Population

State’s Increasing Tiger Count

As per recent reports, Bihar currently boasts a total tiger population of 54. This figure represents a remarkable growth in the tiger population within the state. The efforts of the State Forest Department have been instrumental in this positive trend. The dedication to tiger conservation has contributed significantly to this rise, and it bodes well for the future of these magnificent creatures in Bihar.

Approval Process

Seeking NTCA’s Nod

The State Forest Department officials are diligently working towards securing the approval of the National Tiger Reserve Conservation Authority (NTCA) to formally designate Kaimur district as a tiger reserve. This crucial step will provide the legal framework and necessary support for effective tiger conservation in the region. Once approved, Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary will officially be recognized as a tiger reserve.

Geographical Significance

The Landscape of Kaimur

Kaimur district’s geography plays a vital role in the decision to establish a tiger reserve. The district is divided into two distinct regions: the hilly area, known as the Kaimur plateau, and the plain area on the western side, flanked by the rivers Karmnasa and Durgavati. These diverse landscapes offer a wide range of habitats for wildlife, making it an ideal location for tiger conservation.

Abundant Forest Cover

Kaimur district boasts a substantial forest cover, including the expansive Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, which spans an area of 986 sq km. In total, the forests of Kaimur cover an impressive 1,134 sq km. These lush green expanses provide a sanctuary for various species, including tigers, leopards, and chinkaras, contributing significantly to the region’s biodiversity.

Strategic Location

Kaimur district’s strategic location is noteworthy. It shares its boundaries with neighboring states such as Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh. This geographical proximity emphasizes the importance of establishing a tiger reserve here, as it can potentially serve as a critical corridor for wildlife movement across states.

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