Constitution Day is celebrated on 26th November every year in India to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India. The constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949, and it came into effect on 26th January 1950.
Constitution Day of India: History and Significance- Key Points
- The Constitution of India is termed as ‘of the people, for the people, and by the people.’
- The preamble of the Indian Constitution declared India as a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic, and the welfare state.
- Indian Constitution provides us with fundamental rights along with fundamental duties.
- The Indian Constitution is the longest-written constitution in the world.
- The Constitution offers a framework for the government of the country to keep in mind the social, religious, and cultural diversity of the nation.
Constitution Day: History
The Constituent Assembly adopted the Indian Constitution on 26th November 1949 and it came into effect on 26th January 1950. The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment announced the Centre’s decision to observe 26th November as Constitution Day in 2015. The day is observed to promote constitutional values among the citizens of India.
Constitution Day: Significance
- Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committee of the Constituent Assembly.
- He was the first Minister of Law and Justice in India.
- The framing of the constitution took over 2 years, 11 months, and 17 days.
- The constituent assembly included 299 members and 15 were a woman.
- When the constitution was adopted in 1949, 284 members signed it.
- Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the Chairman of the Constituent Assembly.