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First Woman Chief Justice of High Court in India

First Woman Chief Justice of High Court in India: Leila Seth

In a nation as diverse and culturally vibrant as India, dismantling the entrenched barriers that have traditionally favored men across various domains is an exceptionally challenging endeavor. Yet, the remarkable life story of Justice Leila Seth, who rose to become the first Chief Justice of a High Court, serves as a powerful example of an impressive commitment of unyielding determination, resilience and sheer merit.

Early Life and Challenges

Leila Seth, born on 20 October 1930, in Lucknow, India, overcome early challenges after losing her father at the age of 11. Despite financial struggles, she received an education at Loreto Convent, Darjeeling. After completing her schooling, she worked as a stenographer in Kolkata, where her life took a significant turn.

Marriage Life and Education

In Kolkata, Leila Seth met her future husband, Prem Seth, leading to what to she termed a ‘semi-arranged’ marriage. The couple’s move to London provided her with an opportunity to pursue her interest in law. Her motivation was driven by the flexibility the field offered, essential for her as a young mother. Remarkably in 1958, at the age of 27, Seth secured the top spot in the London Bar exam, a ground-breaking achievement for a woman.

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Legal Career of Leila Seth

Upon returning to India, Leila Seth started her legal journey in Patna. Despite facing gender bias and scepticism, she fearlessly tackled a range of cases, spanning taxation, constitutional matters and public interest litigations. Her tenacity led her to the Delhi High Court, where she shattered the glass ceiling and became the first woman judge in 1978. This achievement marked a pivotal step towards her trailblazing role in the Indian judiciary.

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Leila Seth: Example of Justice and Equality

Leila Seth’s impact extended beyond the courtroom. She chaired various judicial and humanitarian institutions, advocating for equal inheritance rights for daughters in ancestral property and championing LGBTQIA rights. Her contribution to commissions investigating critical issues, such as custodial deaths and the effects of media on children, showcased her unwavering commitment to justice and societal well-being.

From Judge to Chief Justice

 Thirteen years after becoming a High Court judge, Leila Seth made history again by becoming the first woman to hold the position of Chief Justice of the Himachal Pradesh High Court in 1991. Her promotion to this esteemed role marked yet another milestone toward gender equality.


Leila Seth’s legacy lives on through her achievements and her family. Her passing on May 5, 2017, at the age of 86, left behind a legacy of selflessness and dedication to reshaping legislation and societal attitudes demonstrating her commitment to a safer and more just India.

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Who was the first woman Chief Justice of High Court in India?

Leila Seth made history as the first woman Chief Justice of High Court in India, showing that even women can lead the way in important roles in the legal world.

When did Leila Seth become High Court Judge?

Leila Seth became a High Court Judge in 1978 when she was appointed as a judge in Delhi High Court.

About the Author

My role as a content writer specializing in current affairs at Adda247 involves meticulously researching and crafting compelling articles aimed at guiding and informing candidates preparing for National and State Level Competitive Government Exams. With a dedication to educational excellence, I strive to keep our candidates abreast of the latest developments and trends in current affairs. By providing insightful and engaging content, I aim to ensure that aspiring candidates are well-prepared and informed for their examinations.