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Global Job Market Faces Headwinds as Unemployment Expected to Rise in 2024

The International Labour Organization (ILO) warns of a slight increase in global unemployment this year, with the rate projected to reach 5.2%, up from 5.1% in 2023. This modest rise, outlined in the ILO’s “World Employment and Social Outlook Trends: 2024” report, is primarily driven by job losses in advanced economies.

Key Concerns

  • Uneven Recovery: While a post-pandemic growth spurt initially boosted employment, labor productivity growth has stagnated at pre-pandemic levels. This uneven recovery exposes vulnerabilities and threatens social justice.
  • Advanced Economies Bear the Brunt: High-income countries face a particularly harsh outlook, with employment growth expected to dip into negative territory in 2024 and show only marginal improvement in 2025.
  • Global Numbers Mask Regional Disparities: The global average conceals significant regional variations. Emerging and developing economies are expected to fare better, with unemployment rates remaining stable or even declining in some cases.

Points to Consider

  • Working Poverty Persists: Despite a stable unemployment rate, working poverty is expected to remain a challenge. Many workers, particularly in informal sectors, struggle to earn enough for a decent standard of living.
  • Income Inequality Widens: The report warns of a widening gap between rich and poor, calling for greater social justice measures to ensure a more equitable recovery.
  • Need for Policy Action: Governments and social partners must prioritize policies that boost productivity, create decent jobs, and protect vulnerable workers. This includes investments in education and training, social protection programs, and measures to address informality.

Important Questions Related to Exams

  1. According to the ILO, where is the greatest increase in unemployment expected in 2024?
  2. The report highlights a key concern about widening income inequality. What policy measures does the ILO suggest to address this?
  3. Despite a stable global unemployment rate, what additional challenge does the report identify for many workers?
  4. Compare the anticipated employment trends in high-income versus emerging and developing economies for 2024 and 2025.

Please provide your answers in the comment section!!


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