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Hottest Place in India, Where is it Located?

Hottest Place in India

Sri Ganganagar, located in the northmost part of the Indian state of Rajasthan, is a city that stands as an evident to human resilience and ingenuity in the face of harsh desert conditions. Known for being the hottest place in India, Sri Ganganagar has a rich history, a vibrant culture and a thriving agricultural economy that has turned this once arid land into the “Food Basket of Rajasthan.”

History of Sri Ganganagar

Sri Ganganagar owes its existence to the vision and efforts of Maharaja Ganga Singh, after whom the city is named. It was initially a part of the Bikaner state but has since grown into an independent district and city. Maharaja Ganga Singh’s determination led to the construction of the Ganga Canal, which brought life-sustaining waters to this region. The city’s inception was influenced by the town planning of Paris, making it one of the first well-planned modern cities in India.

Location and Geography of Sri Ganganagar

Situated near the international border between India and Pakistan, Sri Ganganagar is strategically located in the northwest of Rajasthan. It is bounded by Hanumangarh district to the east, Bikaner district to the south, Bahawalnagar district in Pakistani Punjab to the west and Fazilka district in Indian Punjab to the north.

The city is traversed by the Ganga Canal, which has transformed the landscape. While the region lies in the Thar Desert, irrigation via the Ganga and Indira Gandhi Canals has turned once-barren land into fertile plains, showcasing the remarkable power of human intervention.

Climate of Hottest Place in India: Sri Ganganagar

Sri Ganganagar is notorious for its scorching summers, with temperature soaring above 45 degree Celsius (113 degree F) during peak season. The city experiences a hot desert climate, with extremely low humidity levels. However, despite the challenging weather conditions, the city’s residents have adapted to life in this harsh environment.


The economy of Sri Ganganagar thrives on agriculture, with its main crops being wheat, mustard and cotton. Sri Ganganagar is particularly known for its kinnow, a citrus fruit, which is significant horticultural product. The city also boasts the largest carrot market in Rajasthan.

Culture of Sri Ganganagar

The culture of Sri Ganganagar is a unique blend of Bagri and Punjabi influences. Traditional attire includes the Bagri women’s embroidered odhni, while men commonly wear pant-shirts, kurta-pyjamas and dhoti. The city celebrates various festivals and has a rich tradition of music, including traditional Rajasthani devotional music and popular Bollywood tunes.

Tourist Attractions of Sri Ganganagar

Sri Ganganagar is home to several historical and religious sites, including:

  • Anoopgarh Fort: A historical fort built by Anoop Singh Rathore.
  • Hindamalkot Border: Located just 45 minutes from Sri Ganganagar, this site offers a glimpse of Pakistan’s Observation Post.
  • Temples and Places for Worship: The city boasts several temples, including Sukha Singh and Mehtab Singh Temple, Gayatri Shaktipeeth, Ram Mandir, Sidh Peeth Shri Jhaanki Wale Balaji Mandir and Durga Mandir, among others.
  • Laila-Majnun ki Mazar: A place associated with the legendary love story of Laila and Majnun.

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Why is Sri Ganganagar considered as the hottest place in India?

Sri Ganganagr is renowned as the hottest place in India due to its scorching summer temperatures, which regularly soar above 45 degree Celsius (115 degree Fahrenheit).

Who is responsible for the development of Sri Ganganagar?

Maharaja Ganga Singh, after whom the city is named, played a pivotal role in its development. His vision and determination led to the creation of the Ganga Canal, bringing life-sustaining waters to the region. The city’s inception was influenced by the town planning of Paris.