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States and Capitals of India, List of 28 States and 8 UT’s 2024

State and Capitals of India

States and capitals of India: India is a country located in South Asia and is the seventh-largest country by land area. India is divided into 28 states and 8 union territories, each with its own capital city. The states and union territories are further divided into districts and subdivisions. The capital city of India is New Delhi, which is located in the National Capital Territory of Delhi. It is the administrative, political, and cultural center of the country.

India’s states and capitals are like the many colorful threads that weave together the fabric of this diverse and dynamic nation. Each one has a unique story to tell, and together they make India a fascinating and ever-evolving tapestry of culture, tradition, and innovation. Exploring these states and capitals is a journey of discovery, where you’ll find a land that bridges the gap between the ancient and the modern, the traditional and the contemporary, and the unity in diversity that defines India.

Countries Capital and Currencies

According to The States Reorganization Act 1956, the states of India were organized based on linguistic lines. There are 28 states and 8 Union Territories in India now. India consists of 400 cities altogether. India has eight metropolitan cities and they are Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Ahmedabad and Pune. The Prime Minister of India planned to develop 100 smart cities in India in the future. Indore bagged continuously 4 times the award of Smart city.

States and Capitals of India: Latest Updates

  • Anumala Revanth Reddy, who led the Congress to its first assembly elections victory in Telangana, took oath as the second chief minister of India’s youngest state along with one deputy and 10 other ministers.
  • The Zoram People’s Movement (ZPM), under the leadership of former IPS Shri Lalduhoma, proved all pre-result speculations wrong by winning 27 out of 40 seats in Mizoram.

How many states in India?

India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 8 union territories. All states, as well as the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments, both patterned on the Westminster model. Each state in India has a capital city, which serves as the seat of the state government and legislature. The capital city is also the administrative, legislative, and judicial center of the state.

Capital of India

Country Capital
India New Delhi

Indian States and Capitals List

Total states in India of 28 states and 8 union territories. Each state adds to India’s cultural tapestry, enriching and energising the country’s identity. The 28 Indian States and their capitals are as follows.

S.NO State Capital CM Governor
1 Andhra Pradesh Amaravati YS Jagan Mohan Reddy Biswa Bhusan Harichandan
2 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Pema Khandu B. D. Mishra
3 Assam Dispur Himanta Biswa Sarma Jagdish Mukhi
4 Bihar Patna Nitish Kumar Phagu Chauhan
5 Chhattisgarh Raipur Vishnu Deo Sai Sushri Anusuiya Uikey
6 Goa Panaji Pramod Sawant P.S. Sreedharan Pillai
7 Gujarat Gandhinagar Bhupendra Patel Acharya Dev Vrat
8 Haryana Chandigarh Manohar Lal Bandaru Dattatraya
9 Himachal Pradesh Shimla Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar
10 Jharkhand Ranchi Champai Soren Ramesh Bais
11 Karnataka Bengaluru Siddaramaiah Thaawarchand Gehlot
12 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Pinarayi Vijayan Arif Mohammed Khan
13 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Mohan Yadav Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel
14 Maharashtra Mumbai Eknath Shinde Ramesh Bais
15 Manipur Imphal N. Biren Singh La. Ganesan
16 Meghalaya Shillong Conrad Kongkal Sangma Brig. (Dr.) B. D. Mishra
17 Mizoram Aizawl Lalduhoma Kambhampati Haribabu
18 Nagaland Kohima Neiphiu Rio Jagdish Mukhi
19 Odisha Bhubaneswar Naveen Patnaik Ganeshi Lal
20 Punjab Chandigarh Bhagwant Singh Mann Banwarilal Purohit
21 Rajasthan Jaipur Bhajan Lal Sharma Kalraj Mishra
22 Sikkim Gangtok PS Golay Ganga Prasad
23 Tamil Nadu Chennai M. K. Stalin R. N. Ravi
24 Telangana Hyderabad Anumula Revanth Reddy Tamilisai Soundararajan
25 Tripura Agartala Dr. Manik Saha Satyadeo Narain Arya
26 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Yogi Aditya Nath Anandiben Patel
27 Uttarakhand Dehradun Pushkar Singh Dhami Lt. Gen. Gurmit Singh
28 West Bengal Kolkata Mamata Banerjee Dr. C.V. Ananda Bose

Union Territories Of India

Indian Union Territories and Capitals

The capital of India is New Delhi, which is a union territory. The other union territories are Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Lakshadweep, and Puducherry. The states and union territories of India are home to a diverse range of cultures, languages, and religions. They are also home to a wide variety of geographical features, from the snow-capped mountains of the Himalayas to the tropical beaches of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

S.NO Union Territories Capital CM Lt. Governor
1 Andaman and Nicobar Island Port Blair NA D K Joshi
2 Chandigarh Chandigarh NA Banwarilal Purohit
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Daman NA Praful Patel
4 Delhi Delhi Arvind Kejriwal Vinai Kumar Saxena
5 Ladakh NA NA Radha Krishna Mathur
6 Lakshadweep Kavaratti NA Praful Patel
7 Jammu and Kashmir NA NA Manoj Sinha
8 Puducherry Pondicherry N. Rangaswamy Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan

State and Capital of India Map

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Map of India

State and Capital of India- River Map

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Image Source: https://www.mapsofindia.com

Largest State in India in terms of Area

S. No. State Name Area (km2)
1 Rajasthan 342,239
2 Madhya Pradesh 308,245
3 Maharashtra 307,713
4 Uttar Pradesh 240,928
5 Gujarat 196,024
6 Karnataka 191,791
7 Andhra Pradesh 162,968
8 Odisha 155,707
9 Chhattisgarh 135,191
10 Tamil Nadu 130,058
11 Telangana 112,077
12 Bihar 94,163
13 West Bengal 88,752
14 Arunachal Pradesh 83,743
15 Jharkhand 79,714
16 Assam 78,438
17 Himachal Pradesh 55,673
18 Uttarakhand 53,483
19 Punjab 50,362
20 Haryana 44,212
21 Kerala 38,863
22 Meghalaya 22,429
23 Manipur 22,327
24 Mizoram 21,081
25 Nagaland 16,579
26 Tripura 10,486
27 Sikkim 7,096
28 Goa 3,702

National Symbols of India: List of National Symbols and its Significance

States of India Map-Wise

1. Map of Andra Pradesh

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Chief Minister YS Jagan Mohan Reddy
Governor Justice (Retd.) S. Abdul Nazeer
  • Andhra Pradesh is a state in the south-eastern coast of India. It is bordered by the states of Telangana to the north, Chhattisgarh to the north-east, Odisha to the east, Tamil Nadu to the south, and Karnataka to the west. The capital of Andhra Pradesh is Amaravati, which is a newly constructed city. The other major cities in the state include Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Tirupati, and Guntur.
  • Andhra Pradesh is a land of rich history and culture. It was home to the ancient kingdom of Vijayanagara, which was one of the largest and most powerful empires in South India. The state is also home to many important religious sites, including the Tirupati Balaji temple, which is one of the most popular pilgrimage destinations in India.
  • Andhra Pradesh is a major agricultural state. The main crops grown in the state include rice, cotton, tobacco, and sugarcane. The state is also home to a large number of industries, including steel, paper, and textiles.
  • Andhra Pradesh is a growing state with a bright future. It is a major economic and cultural hub in South India, and it is poised to play an increasingly important role in the development of the country.

2. Map of Arunachal Pradesh

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Chief Minister Pema Khandu
Governor Lt. General Kaiwalya Trivikram Parnaik (Retired)
  • Arunachal Pradesh is a state in northeastern India. It is the largest state in the Northeast region, and is bordered by Assam and Nagaland to the south, Bhutan to the west, Myanmar to the east, and China to the north. The state is home to a number of different ethnic groups, and is known for its natural beauty.
  • The capital of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar, and other major cities include Tawang, Bomdila, and Ziro. The state is divided into 25 districts, and the largest district is West Siang. The smallest district is Tawang.
  • Arunachal Pradesh is a popular tourist destination, and is known for its mountains, forests, and rivers. Some of the most popular tourist destinations in Arunachal Pradesh include Tawang Monastery, Bomdila, Ziro Valley, and Dirang Dzong.

 

3. Map of Assam

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Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma
Governor Gulab Chand Kataria
  • Assam is a state in northeastern India. It is bordered by the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, and Bangladesh. The Brahmaputra River flows through the state from north to south.
  • Assam is divided into 31 districts. The capital of Assam is Dispur. Other major cities in Assam include Guwahati, Silchar, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, and Tezpur.
  • Assam is a land of diverse cultures and traditions. The state is home to a number of ethnic groups, including Assamese, Bengalis, Bodos, Karbis, Mishings, and Nagas. Assam is also home to a number of religious groups, including Hindus, Muslims, Christians, and Buddhists.
  • Assam is a major producer of tea, jute, and petroleum. The state is also home to a number of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, including Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, and Dibru-Saikhowa National Park.

4. Map of Bihar

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Chief Minister Governor
Nitish Kumar Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar
  • Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is bordered by Uttar Pradesh to the west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and Jharkhand to the south. The state is divided into 38 districts. The capital of Bihar is Patna.
  • The major rivers in Bihar are the Ganges, the Gandak, the Kosi, and the Son. The Ganges is the most important river in Bihar. It flows through the state from west to east and is a major source of irrigation and drinking water.
  • The climate of Bihar is tropical. The summers are hot and humid, and the winters are mild. The average annual temperature in Bihar is 26 degrees Celsius (79 degrees Fahrenheit).
  • The population of Bihar is about 104 million people. The majority of the people in Bihar are Hindus. There are also significant populations of Muslims, Christians, and Sikhs.
  • The official language of Bihar is Hindi. However, there are many other languages spoken in the state, including Maithili, Bhojpuri, and Magahi.
  • Bihar is a major agricultural state. The main crops grown in Bihar are rice, wheat, maize, and sugarcane. The state is also a major producer of milk and poultry.
  • Bihar is a developing state. The government is working to improve the infrastructure in the state, including roads, bridges, and power plants. The government is also working to improve the education and healthcare systems in the state.

5. Map of Chhattisgarh

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Chief Minister Governor
Vishnu Deo Sai Biswa Bhusan Harichandan
  • Chhattisgarh is a state located in central India. It is bordered by Madhya Pradesh to the northwest, Uttar Pradesh to the north, Jharkhand to the northeast, Maharashtra to the southwest, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh to the south, and Odisha to the southeast.
  • Chhattisgarh is a landlocked state, and its major rivers are the Mahanadi, the Godavari, and the Indravati. The state is home to a variety of wildlife, including tigers, elephants, and leopards. Chhattisgarh is also home to a number of important historical and cultural sites, including the Bastar Fort, the Jagannath Temple in Raipur, and the Kanger Valley National Park.

6. Map of Goa

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Chief Minister Governor
Pramod Sawant P.S. Sreedharan Pillai
  • Goa is a state in India on the southwestern coast of the country. It is bordered by Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast.
  • Goa is the smallest state in India by area, and population-wise it is the fourth-smallest state in the country.
  • The state is divided into two districts: North Goa and South Goa. The capital of North Goa is the city of Panaji, while the capital of South Goa is the city of Margao. Goa is a popular tourist destination, known for its beaches, nightlife, and Portuguese colonial heritage.

7. Map of Gujarat

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Chief Minister Governor
Bhupendra Patel Acharya Dev Vrat

Gujarat is a state in Western India. It is bounded by Rajasthan to the north, Madhya Pradesh to the east, Maharashtra to the south, and the Arabian Sea to the west. The capital of Gujarat is Gandhinagar. The map shows the major cities and towns of Gujarat, as well as the major rivers and highways. The state is divided into 33 districts.

Some of the major tourist destinations in Gujarat include:

  • Gandhinagar: The new capital of Gujarat, Gandhinagar is a planned city. It is home to many government offices and educational institutions.
  • Somnath: A coastal town in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat, Somnath is a major pilgrimage site. It is home to the Somnath Temple, one of the twelve Jyotirlingas.
  • Ahmedabad: Ahmedabad is a major industrial and commercial city. It is also home to many historical and cultural sites, such as the Sabarmati Ashram and the Jama Masjid.
  • Kutch: A large peninsula in the northwest of Gujarat, Kutch is known for its desert landscape and its historical sites, such as the Bhuj Fort.
  • Dwarka: A coastal town in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat, Dwarka is another major pilgrimage site. It is said to be the birthplace of Krishna.
  • Gir National Park: A wildlife sanctuary in the Junagadh district of Gujarat, Gir National Park is home to the Asiatic lion.

8. Map of Haryana

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Chief Minister Governor
Manohar Lal Bandaru Dattatraya
  • Haryana is a state in northern India. It is bounded by Punjab on the northwest, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand on the north, Uttar Pradesh on the east, Rajasthan on the south, and the union territory of Delhi on the west.
  • The capital of Haryana is Chandigarh, which is also the capital of the neighboring state of Punjab. The state is divided into 22 districts: Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Mahendragarh, Mewat, Palwal, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonipat, and Yamunanagar.
  • Haryana is a major agricultural state. The main crops grown in the state are wheat, rice, sugarcane, and cotton. The state is also home to a number of industrial areas, including the Gurgaon-Manesar belt and the Faridabad-Ballabhgarh belt.
  • The population of Haryana is about 25 million. The majority of the population is Hindu, with a significant minority of Muslims. The official language of the state is Hindi, but Punjabi is also widely spoken.

9. Map of Himachal Pradesh

 

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Chief Minister Governor
Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu Shiv Pratap Shukla
  • Himachal Pradesh is a state in northern India. It is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Uttarakhand to the east, Punjab to the west, and Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the south.
  • The state is home to the Dhauladhar Range, which is part of the Himalayas. The highest peak in Himachal Pradesh is Reo Purgyil, which is 6,816 meters (22,357 feet) tall.
  • The capital of Himachal Pradesh is Shimla. Other major cities in the state include Dharamshala, Kangra, Mandi, Kullu, Chamba, Hamirpur, Dalhousie, and Manali.
  • Himachal Pradesh is a popular tourist destination. The state is home to a number of hill stations, including Shimla, Dalhousie, and Manali. It is also a popular destination for trekking and mountaineering.

The following are some of the important tourist locations in Himachal Pradesh:

  • Shimla: The former summer capital of British India, Shimla is a popular hill station known for its colonial architecture.
  • Dalhousie: A hill station located in the Dhauladhar Range, Dalhousie is known for its scenic beauty and its numerous waterfalls.
  • Manali: A popular tourist destination in the Kullu Valley, Manali is known for its snow-capped mountains, its apple orchards, and its adventure sports.
  • Dharamshala: The home of the Dalai Lama, Dharamshala is a popular tourist destination for its Buddhist monasteries and its Tibetan culture.
  • Kangra: A district located in the foothills of the Himalayas, Kangra is known for its temples, including the Kangra Fort and the Chamunda Devi Temple.
  • Chamba: A district located in the lower Himalayas, Chamba is known for its forts, including the Chamba Fort and the Bhadral Fort.

10. Map of Jharkhand

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Chief Minister Governor
Champai Soren C.P. Radhakrishnan

Jharkhand is a state located in eastern India. It is known for its rich mineral resources and diverse culture. Here is a textual description of the map:

  • Jharkhand is bordered by the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south, and West Bengal to the east. The southern part of Jharkhand shares its border with the country of Bangladesh.
  • The capital city of Jharkhand is Ranchi, situated towards the southern part of the state. Other major cities include Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Bokaro, and Hazaribagh.
  • The landscape of Jharkhand is characterized by hills, forests, and plateaus. The Chota Nagpur Plateau covers a significant portion of the state. Rivers like the Damodar, Subarnarekha, and Kharkai flow through various regions, providing water resources and contributing to the agriculture and industries.
  • The major districts in Jharkhand are Ranchi, East Singhbhum (Jamshedpur), Dhanbad, Bokaro, Hazaribagh, and Deoghar. Each district has its unique features and cultural significance.
  • Jharkhand is home to various indigenous tribal communities, each with its distinct culture, language, and traditions. The state’s diverse tribal heritage adds to its vibrant cultural tapestry.

11. Map of Karnataka

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Chief Minister Governor
Siddaramaiah Thaawarchand Gehlot

Karnataka is a state located in the southwestern region of India. It is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Telangana to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the south. Karnataka is the seventh-largest state in India by area and the eighth most populous.

Capital: The capital city of Karnataka is Bengaluru, which is also known as the “Silicon Valley of India” due to its prominence in the information technology industry.

Language: The official language of Karnataka is Kannada. However, the state is linguistically diverse, and several other languages are spoken here, including English, Tulu, Konkani, Telugu, and Urdu, among others.

History: Karnataka has a rich historical and cultural heritage. The region was home to several ancient civilizations, including the powerful Vijayanagara and Hoysala empires. It has seen the rule of various dynasties like the Cholas, Chalukyas, and Rashtrakutas.

Geography: The state has a diverse geographical landscape, ranging from coastal plains along the Arabian Sea to the Deccan Plateau. It also includes parts of the Western Ghats, which are known for their lush greenery and biodiversity.

Economy: Karnataka has a robust economy and is one of the leading states contributing to India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The state’s economy is driven by sectors such as information technology, biotechnology, manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism.

Tourism: Karnataka is a popular tourist destination, known for its historical monuments, ancient temples, lush forests, and scenic landscapes. Some of the famous tourist attractions include the ruins of Hampi, the magnificent Mysore Palace, Jog Falls, Coorg (Kodagu), and the pristine beaches of Gokarna and Karwar.

Cuisine: The cuisine of Karnataka is diverse, reflecting the different regions and communities. Some well-known dishes include Bisi Bele Bath, Ragi Mudde, Mysore Masala Dosa, Mangalorean fish curry, and various sweets like Mysore Pak.

Festivals: The people of Karnataka celebrate a wide array of festivals with great enthusiasm. Some of the major festivals include Ugadi (Kannada New Year), Dasara (Mysore Dasara), Makar Sankranti, and Ganesha Chaturthi.

Education: Karnataka is home to several renowned educational institutions and universities, making it a hub for higher education in India.

Karnataka’s blend of historical heritage, modernity, diverse culture, and natural beauty makes it a fascinating and dynamic state in India.

12. Map of Kerala

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Chief Minister Governor
Pinarayi Vijayan Arif Mohammed Khan
  • Kerala is a state in India located on the Malabar Coast of the Arabian Sea. It is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. Kerala is a popular tourist destination, known for its beautiful beaches, backwaters, hill stations, and lush green forests.
  • The capital of Kerala is Thiruvananthapuram, and the largest city is Kochi. Kerala is divided into 14 districts.
  • Kerala is a beautiful and diverse state with something to offer everyone. If you are looking for a relaxing beach vacation, a thrilling backwater cruise, or an adventurous trek in the hills, Kerala is the perfect place for you.

13. Map of Madhya Pradesh

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Chief Minister Governor
Mohan Yadav Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel
  • Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state in India, located in the central part of the country. It is bordered by Uttar Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat and Rajasthan to the west. The capital of Madhya Pradesh is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore.
  • The map shows the major cities and towns of Madhya Pradesh, as well as the major rivers and highways. The Narmada River is the most important river in the state, and it flows from east to west through the middle of the state. Other major rivers include the Chambal, Betwa, and Son.
  • The map also shows the three major physical divisions of Madhya Pradesh: the Central Highlands, the Satpura and Maikal Ranges, and the Eastern Highlands. The Central Highlands are the most extensive physical division, and they cover the central and southern parts of the state.
  • The Satpura and Maikal Ranges are located in the eastern part of the state, and they are a series of hills and mountains. The Eastern Highlands are located in the northeastern part of the state, and they are a plateau region.
  • Madhya Pradesh is a diverse state with a rich history and culture. It is home to many historical monuments, including the Khajuraho temples, the Sanchi stupas, and the Datia Fort. The state is also home to a number of wildlife sanctuaries, including the Bandhavgarh National Park and the Kanha National Park.

14. Map of Maharashtra

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Chief Minister Governor
Eknath Shinde Ramesh Bais
  • Maharashtra is a state in the western part of India. It is the third largest state in India, with an area of 307,713 square kilometers.
  • The state is bordered by Gujarat to the north, Madhya Pradesh to the east, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Telangana to the south, Karnataka to the southwest, Goa to the west, and the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu to the northwest. The Arabian Sea lies to the west of Maharashtra.
  • The capital of Maharashtra is Mumbai, which is also the most populous city in India. Other major cities in Maharashtra include Pune, Nagpur, Aurangabad, Nashik, and Kolhapur.
  • Maharashtra is a diverse state, with a variety of cultures and languages. The official language of Maharashtra is Marathi, but there are also many other languages spoken in the state, including Hindi, Gujarati, Urdu, and English.
  • Maharashtra is a major economic hub in India. The state is home to a number of industries, including agriculture, manufacturing, and IT.
  • Maharashtra is also a major tourist destination, with a number of popular tourist destinations, including the hill stations of Mahabaleshwar and Panchgani, the beaches of Goa, and the historical city of Aurangabad.

15. Map of Manipur

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Chief Minister Governor
Lalduhoma Sushri Anusuiya Uikye
  • Manipur is a state in northeastern India. It is bordered by the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Assam to the west, and Mizoram to the southwest, and by Myanmar (Burma) to the east and south. The state capital is Imphal.
  • Manipur is a land of diverse cultures and traditions. The state is home to the Meitei people, who are the majority ethnic group. Other major ethnic groups in Manipur include the Nagas, Kukis, and Chins.
  • Manipur is also a land of natural beauty. The state is home to the Manipur River, which is the longest river in the state. Other major rivers in Manipur include the Iril River, the Thoubal River, and the Makru River.
  • Manipur is also home to a number of hill ranges, including the Manipur Hills, the Naga Hills, and the Chin Hills. The state is also home to a number of lakes, including the Loktak Lake, which is the largest freshwater lake in northeast India.
  • Manipur is a popular tourist destination. The state is home to a number of historical and cultural sites, including the Shri Govindajee Temple, the Kangla Fort, and the Keibul Lamjao National Park.

16. Map of Meghalaya

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Chief Minister Governor
Conrad Kongkal Sangma Phagu Chauhan
  • Meghalaya is a state in northeastern India. It is bordered by Assam to the north and northeast, Bangladesh to the south and southwest, and Mizoram to the west. The capital of Meghalaya is Shillong.
  • The map also shows the major cities and towns of Meghalaya, including Shillong, Tura, Jowai, Nongstoin, and Williamnagar.
  • Meghalaya is a hilly state with a rich cultural heritage. The people of Meghalaya are mostly tribal, and the state is home to a number of different languages and dialects. The state is also known for its beautiful scenery, including its waterfalls, caves, and forests.

17. Map of Mizoram

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Chief Minister Governor
PU Lalduhoma Dr. Kambhampati Haribabu
  • Mizoram is a state in Northeast India, with Aizawl as its seat of government and capital city. The name of the state is derived from “Mizo”, the self-described name of the native inhabitants, and “Ram”, which in the Mizo language means “land.” Thus “Mizo-ram” means “land of the Mizos”.
  • Mizoram is the southernmost landlocked state in India, sharing borders with three of the Seven Sister States, namely Tripura, Assam and Manipur. The state also shares a 722-kilometre (449 mi) border with the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar.
  • Mizoram is a land of rolling hills, valleys, rivers and lakes. The highest peak in the state is Phawngpui (2,157 m), also known as Blue Mountain. The state has a tropical climate, with hot and humid summers and cool winters.
  • The population of Mizoram is about 1.2 million people, of which about 95% are Mizo. The other major ethnic groups in the state are the Chakma, the Hmar, the Lakher and the Pawi. The official language of Mizoram is Mizo, but English is also widely spoken.
  • Mizoram is a Christian-majority state, with about 87% of the population being Christian. The other major religions in the state are Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam.
  • The economy of Mizoram is based on agriculture, forestry and tourism. The main crops grown in the state are rice, maize, millet, tea and sugarcane. Mizoram is also a major producer of bamboo and timber.
  • Mizoram is a popular tourist destination, with its beautiful scenery, lush forests and unique culture. Some of the most popular tourist destinations in Mizoram include the Champhai district, the Serchhip district, the Lawngtlai district and the Mamit district.
  • Mizoram is a beautiful and unique state with a rich culture and history. It is a popular tourist destination and a great place to live and work.

18. Map of Nagaland

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Chief Minister Governor
Neiphiu Rio La. Ganesan

Nagaland is a landlocked state in the north-eastern region of India. It is bordered by the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh to the north, Assam to the west, Manipur to the south, and the Sagaing Region of Myanmar (Burma) to the east. Its capital city is Kohima and its largest city is the twin Chümoukedima–Dimapur. The state has an area of 16,579 square kilometres (6,401 sq mi) with a population of 1,980,602 as per the 2011 Census of India, making it one of the smallest states of India.

Nagaland is home to a diverse range of cultures and languages. There are 16 major tribes in Nagaland, each with its own unique language, customs, and traditions. The state is also home to a number of smaller tribes and sub-tribes.

Nagaland is a popular tourist destination, thanks to its stunning natural beauty, rich cultural heritage, and friendly people. Some of the most popular tourist destinations in Nagaland include:

  • The Hornbill Festival: This annual festival is held in December and is a celebration of Naga culture and traditions.
  • The Dzukou Valley: This beautiful valley is located in the Eastern Himalayas and is a popular destination for hiking, camping, and birdwatching.
  • The Kisama Heritage Village: This village is home to a number of traditional Naga houses and is a great place to learn about Naga culture.
  • The Jalukie Village: This village is known for its traditional Naga weaving and is a great place to buy souvenirs.

19. Map of Odisha

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Chief Minister Governor
Naveen Patnaik Raghubar Das

Odisha, formerly known as Orissa, is an Indian state located in Eastern India. It is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population. The state has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India. It neighbours the states of Jharkhand and West Bengal to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south. Odisha has a coastline of 485 kilometres (301 mi) along the Bay of Bengal in Indian Ocean. The region is also known as Utkala and is mentioned by this name in India’s national anthem, “Jana Gana Mana”.

Odisha is a land of rich history and culture. The state is home to many ancient Hindu temples, including the Jagannath Temple in Puri, which is one of the most important pilgrimage sites in India. Odisha is also known for its tribal cultures, which are some of the most diverse in India.

The state has a tropical climate, with hot, humid summers and warm, dry winters. The monsoon season brings heavy rains to the state, which is important for agriculture. The major rivers in Odisha are the Mahanadi, the Brahmani, and the Baitarani.

Odisha is a major producer of iron ore, coal, and bauxite. The state is also home to a number of hydroelectric power plants. The economy of Odisha is growing rapidly, and the state is becoming an important industrial hub.

Here are some of the things that Odisha is famous for:

  • Ancient temples: Odisha is home to many ancient Hindu temples, including the Jagannath Temple in Puri, the Lingaraja Temple in Bhubaneswar, and the Konark Sun Temple. These temples are famous for their intricate architecture and sculptures.
  • Tribal cultures: Odisha is home to some of the most diverse tribal cultures in India. The tribal people of Odisha have their own unique customs, traditions, and languages.
  • Natural beauty: Odisha is a land of natural beauty. The state is home to mountains, forests, beaches, and rivers. Some of the most popular tourist destinations in Odisha include the Chilika Lake, the Satkosia Tiger Reserve, and the Bhitarkanika National Park.
  • Handicrafts: Odisha is famous for its handicrafts, which include pattachitra paintings, applique work, and Ikat textiles. These handicrafts are known for their intricate designs and vibrant colors.

20. Map of Punjab

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Chief Minister Governor
Bhagwant Singh Mann Banwarilal Purohit

The Punjab is a region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. It is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the northeast, Haryana to the south, Rajasthan to the southwest, and Pakistan to the west. The name Punjab is derived from the Persian words panj (five) and āb (water), meaning “land of five rivers.” The five rivers that give the Punjab its name are the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej.

  • The Punjab has a long and rich history. It was home to the Indus Valley Civilization, one of the earliest urban civilizations in the world. The Indus Valley Civilization flourished from about 3300 to 1900 BCE. After the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization, the Punjab was ruled by a number of different empires, including the Mauryan Empire, the Kushan Empire, and the Gupta Empire.
  • In the 10th century, the Punjab was conquered by the Muslims. The Muslims ruled the Punjab for over 700 years. During this time, the Punjab was a major center of Islamic learning and culture. The most famous Muslim ruler of the Punjab was Muhammad bin Qasim, who conquered the region in 711 CE.
  • In the 18th century, the Punjab was ruled by a number of Sikh maharajas. The most famous Sikh ruler of the Punjab was Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who founded the Sikh Empire in 1799. The Sikh Empire was a powerful force in the Punjab for over 50 years.
  • In 1849, the British annexed the Punjab. The British ruled the Punjab for over 90 years. During this time, the Punjab was a major source of revenue and manpower for the British Empire. The British also introduced a number of reforms to the Punjab, including the establishment of a modern education system and the construction of roads and railways.
  • In 1947, the Punjab was partitioned between India and Pakistan. The western part of the Punjab became part of Pakistan, while the eastern part became part of India. The partition of the Punjab was a very bloody event, and millions of people were displaced.
  • Today, the Punjab is a major agricultural region in both India and Pakistan. It is also a major center of industry and commerce. The Punjab is home to a number of important historical and cultural sites, including the Golden Temple in Amritsar, the Wagah Border, and the Lahore Fort.
  • The Punjab is a land of great diversity. The people of the Punjab speak a variety of languages, including Punjabi, Hindi, and Urdu. They also practice a variety of religions, including Sikhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity. The Punjab is a vibrant and dynamic region with a rich history and culture.

21. Map of Rajasthan

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Chief Minister Governor
Bhajan Lal Sharma Kalraj Mishra
  • Rajasthan is a state in northwestern India. It is the largest Indian state by area and the seventh largest by population. The state is known for its desert landscape, forts, palaces, and colorful culture.
  • The capital of Rajasthan is Jaipur, also known as the Pink City. Other major cities in Rajasthan include Jodhpur, Udaipur, Bikaner, and Kota.
  • Rajasthan is home to a number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Thar Desert, the Keoladeo National Park, and the Ranthambore National Park.
  • The state is also known for its vibrant culture, which is reflected in its music, dance, and festivals. Some of the most popular festivals in Rajasthan include the Teej Festival, the Pushkar Camel Fair, and the Desert Festival. The Teej Festival is a celebration of love and fertility, the Pushkar Camel Fair is a livestock fair, and the Desert Festival is a cultural festival.
  • Rajasthan is a popular tourist destination, and is known for its friendly people, delicious food, and unique experiences. If you are looking for a place to explore history, culture, and nature, then Rajasthan is the perfect destination for you.

22. Map of Sikkim

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Chief Minister Governor
PS Golay Lakshman Prasad Acharya
Sikkim is a state in northeastern India. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Koshi Province of Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. Sikkim is also close to the Siliguri Corridor, which borders Bangladesh.

Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. It has a population of about 600,000 people and an area of 7,096 square kilometers. The capital of Sikkim is Gangtok.

Sikkim is notable for its biodiversity, including alpine and subtropical climates, as well as being a host to Kangchenjunga, the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth. Sikkim’s capital and largest city is Gangtok. Almost 35% of the state is covered by Khangchendzonga National Park – a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Here are some of the things Sikkim is famous for:

  • Kangchenjunga: The highest peak in India and third highest on Earth.
  • Khangchendzonga National Park: A UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Gangtok: The capital of Sikkim.
  • Pemayangtse Monastery: A 17th century Buddhist monastery.
  • Yumthang Valley: A valley of alpine meadows and snow-capped mountains.
  • Nathula Pass: A high mountain pass that borders China.
  • Gurudongmar Lake: A glacial lake at an altitude of 5,430 meters.
  • Tsomgo Lake: A high altitude lake that is popular for boating and fishing.
  • Ravangla: A hill station with stunning views of the Himalayas.

23. Map of Tamil Nadu

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Chief Minister Governor
Siddaramaiah R. N. Ravi
  • Tamil Nadu is a state in southern India. It is the tenth largest state in India by area and the sixth largest by population. The capital and largest city is Chennai. The state is home to the Tamil people, whose Tamil language—one of the longest surviving classical languages in the world—is widely spoken in the state and serves as its official language.
  • Tamil Nadu is known for its rich history and culture. The state has been inhabited for over 5000 years and has been ruled by a number of dynasties, including the Cholas, Pandyas, and Pallavas. These dynasties left behind a legacy of magnificent temples and other monuments, many of which are still standing today.
  • Tamil Nadu is also known for its beautiful beaches, hill stations, and backwaters. The state is home to some of the most popular tourist destinations in India, including Kanyakumari, Mahabalipuram, and Ooty.
  • Tamil Nadu is a beautiful and vibrant state with a rich history and culture. It is a popular tourist destination for people from all over the world. If you are looking for a unique and unforgettable travel experience, Tamil Nadu is the perfect place for you.
  • Temples: Tamil Nadu is home to some of the most beautiful and ancient temples in India. The Meenakshi Amman Temple in Madurai, the Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur, and the Ramanathaswamy Temple in Rameswaram are just a few of the many temples that attract visitors from all over the world.
  • Festivals: Tamil Nadu is a state that loves to celebrate. There are festivals throughout the year, but some of the most popular include Pongal, Deepavali, and Tamil New Year.
  • Arts and culture: Tamil Nadu has a rich tradition of arts and culture. The state is home to a number of classical dance forms, including Bharatanatyam and Kuchipudi. Tamil Nadu is also known for its Carnatic music and its unique style of architecture.
  • Food: Tamil Nadu cuisine is one of the most diverse and delicious in India. The state is home to a wide variety of dishes, from the spicy Chettinad cuisine to the seafood dishes of the coastal region.

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Chief Minister Governor
Anumula Revanth Reddy Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan
  • Telangana is a state in southern India. It was formed on 2 June 2014, after a long movement for statehood by the Telugu-speaking people of the region. Telangana is bordered by Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh in the north, Karnataka in the west, and Andhra Pradesh in the south and east. The capital of Telangana is Hyderabad, which is also the fifth-most populous city in India.
  • Telangana is a landlocked state with a geographical area of 112,077 square kilometers. It is the eleventh-largest state in India by area and the twelfth-most populous state with a population of over 35 million people. The majority of the population in Telangana speaks Telugu, which is also the official language of the state.
  • Telangana is a diverse state with a rich history and culture. The region was home to several ancient civilizations, including the Indus Valley Civilization and the Satavahana Empire. Telangana was also ruled by several dynasties, including the Kakatiyas, the Qutb Shahis, and the Nizams.
  • Telangana is home to several important historical and cultural monuments, including the Charminar, the Golconda Fort, and the Warangal Fort. The state is also home to several natural wonders, such as the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam and the Lumbini Park.
  • Telangana is a rapidly developing state with a strong economy. The state is home to several major industries, including the IT, manufacturing, and agriculture sectors. Telangana is also a major tourist destination, with several popular tourist destinations, such as Hyderabad, Warangal, and Nizamabad.

25. Map of Tripura

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Chief Minister Governor
Dr. Manik Saha Indra Sena Reddy Nallu

Tripura is a landlocked state in Northeast India, bordered by Bangladesh on three sides. It is the third-smallest state in India, with an area of 10,491 square kilometers. The capital of Tripura is Agartala.

Tripura is home to a diverse mix of tribal cultures and religious groups. The majority of the population is Hindu, followed by Christians and Muslims. The state is also home to a number of tribal groups, including the Tripuri, Kokborok, Reang, Jamatia, and Chakma.Tripura is known for its natural beauty. The state is home to a number of hills, forests, and rivers. Some of the popular tourist destinations in Tripura include:

  • Ujjayanta Palace: This imposing palace was built by the Manikya dynasty in the 18th century. It is now a museum that houses a collection of artifacts from the history of Tripura.
  • Neermahal: This summer palace was built by the Manikya dynasty in the early 20th century. It is located in the middle of Lake Rudrasagar and is a popular spot for boating and picnicking.
  • Jagannath Temple: This Hindu temple is one of the oldest and most important temples in Tripura. It is dedicated to the god Jagannath.
  • Mata Tripura Sundari Temple: This Hindu temple is located in the town of Udaipur. It is dedicated to the goddess Tripura Sundari.
  • Unakoti: This archaeological site is located in the West Tripura district. It is home to a number of rock-cut sculptures, dating from the 8th to the 12th centuries.
26. Map of Uttar Pradesh

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Chief Minister Governor
Yogi Aditya Nath Smt. Anandiben Patel
  • Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. With over 241 million inhabitants, it is the most populous state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world – more populous than all but four countries. It was established in 1950 after India had become a republic. It is a successor to the United Provinces, established in 1935 by renaming of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, in turn established in 1902 from the North-Western Provinces and the Oudh Province.
  • Uttar Pradesh, with a total area of 243,290 square kilometres (93,935 sq mi), is India’s fourth-largest state in terms of land area and is roughly of same size as United Kingdom. It is situated on the northern spout of India and shares an international boundary with Nepal. The Himalayas border the state on the north, but the plains that cover most of the state are distinctly different from those high mountains. The larger Gangetic Plain region is in the north; it includes the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, the Ghaghra plains, the Ganges plains and the Terai. The smaller Vindhya Range and plateau region are in the south.
  • The capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow. Other major cities in the state include Agra, Allahabad, Varanasi, Kanpur, Meerut, Jhansi, and Lucknow.
  • Uttar Pradesh is a major economic and cultural hub in India. It is home to the Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and the Kumbh Mela, the largest religious gathering in the world. The state is also home to a number of other important historical and cultural sites, such as the Fatehpur Sikri, the Red Fort of Agra, and the Sarnath Buddhist ruins.
  • Uttar Pradesh is a diverse state with a rich history and culture. It is home to people from all over India, as well as a significant number of people from Nepal and other neighboring countries. The state is also home to a number of different religions, including Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Sikhism, and Christianity.
  • Uttar Pradesh is a challenging state to govern, but it also has enormous potential. With its large population and strategic location, Uttar Pradesh has the potential to be a major player in the global economy. The state is also home to a number of talented and ambitious people who are working to make Uttar Pradesh a better place to live, work, and raise a family.

27. Map of Uttarakhand

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Chief Minister Governor
Pushkar Singh Dhami Lt. Gen. Gurmit Singh

Uttarakhand, also known as Uttaranchal, is a state in northern India. It is bordered by the Republic of China to the north, Nepal to the east, Uttar Pradesh to the south, and Himachal Pradesh to the west. Uttarakhand is a mountainous state, with the Himalayas forming its northern and eastern borders. The state is home to several important Hindu pilgrimage sites, including Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri. Uttarakhand is also known for its natural beauty, with its many mountains, valleys, rivers, and forests.

Here are some of the things Uttarakhand is famous for:

  • Hindu pilgrimage sites: Uttarakhand is known as “the land of the gods” (Devbhumi) because of its number of Hindu pilgrimage sites. Some of the most important pilgrimage sites in Uttarakhand include Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri. These temples are visited by millions of pilgrims every year.
  • Jim Corbett National Park: Jim Corbett National Park is one of the most popular national parks in India. It is home to a variety of wildlife, including tigers, elephants, leopards, and deer. The park is a popular destination for tourists who want to see tigers in their natural habitat.
  • Rishikesh: Rishikesh is a city in Uttarakhand that is known for its yoga and meditation centers. The Beatles visited Rishikesh in 1968 and stayed at the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi’s ashram. Rishikesh is a popular destination for tourists who want to learn yoga and meditation.
  • Nainital: Nainital is a hill station in Uttarakhand that is known for its lakes and mountains. The city is surrounded by several lakes, including Naini Lake, Sukhatal Lake, and Naukuchiatal Lake. Nainital is a popular destination for tourists who want to enjoy the mountains and lakes.
  • Mussoorie: Mussoorie is another hill station in Uttarakhand that is known for its views of the Himalayas. The city is located on a ridge of the Garhwal Himalayas and offers stunning views of the mountains. Mussoorie is a popular destination for tourists who want to enjoy the mountains and the cool weather.

28. Map of West Bengal

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Chief Minister Governor
Mamata Banerjee Dr. C.V. Ananda Bose

West Bengal is a state in eastern India. It is situated along the Bay of Bengal, along with a population of over 91 million inhabitants within an area of 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi) as of 2011. The population estimate as of 2023 is 102,552,787. West Bengal is the fourth-most populous and thirteenth-largest state by area in India, as well as the eighth-most populous country subdivision of the world. As a part of the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. It also borders the Indian states of Jharkhand, Odisha, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam.

  • The capital of West Bengal is Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), which is the second-most populous city in India. Other major cities in West Bengal include Howrah, Siliguri, Asansol, Durgapur, and Bardhaman.
  • West Bengal is a diverse state with a rich history and culture. The state is home to a number of different ethnic groups, including Bengalis, Biharis, Nepalis, and tribal peoples. The state is also home to a number of different religions, including Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, and Buddhism.
  • West Bengal is a major agricultural state, with rice, jute, and tea being the major crops. The state is also home to a number of industries, including steel, coal, and IT.

Indian Union Territory wise Map

1. Map of Andaman and Nicobar Island 

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Lt. Governor & Administrator
Admiral D K Joshi (Lieutenant Governor)

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a union territory of India in the Indian Ocean. They are located between the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea, about 1,200 kilometers (750 mi) east of the mainland Indian coast. The islands are known for their white-sand beaches, crystal-clear waters, and lush rainforests.

The Andaman Islands are home to the indigenous Andamanese people, while the Nicobar Islands are home to the Nicobarese people. Both groups are facing challenges due to the influx of tourists and the development of the islands.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a popular tourist destination, with many resorts and tourist attractions. Some of the most popular places to visit include:

  • Radhanagar Beach: This is considered to be one of the most beautiful beaches in Asia
  • Havelock Island: This island is known for its pristine beaches and clear waters.
  • Cellular Jail: This former prison was used by the British to imprison political prisoners. It is now a popular tourist destination
  • Ross Island: This island was once the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is now a popular spot for hiking and snorkeling
  • Mount Harriet National Park: This national park is home to a variety of wildlife, including tigers, elephants, and deer.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a beautiful and diverse place with something to offer everyone. If you are looking for a relaxing beach vacation or an adventure in the rainforest, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are the perfect destination for you.

2. Map of Chandigarh

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Lt. Governor & Administrator
Shri Banwarilal Purohit (Administrator)
Chandigarh is a union territory and planned city in northern India, serving as the shared capital of the surrounding states, namely Punjab to the north, west and the south, and Haryana to the east. Chandigarh constitutes the bulk of the Chandigarh Capital Region or Greater Chandigarh, which also includes the adjacent satellite cities of Panchkula in Haryana and Mohali in Punjab. It is situated near the foothills of the Himalayas, 260 km (162 miles) north of New Delhi and 229 km (143 miles) southeast of Amritsar.

Chandigarh was founded in 1950 after the partition of India, when the Punjab province was divided between India and Pakistan. The city was designed by the Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier, and is considered one of the most well-planned cities in India. Chandigarh is known for its wide roads, green spaces, and modern architecture.

The city is home to a number of important government buildings, including the High Court, the Secretariat, and the Legislative Assembly. Chandigarh also has a number of educational institutions, including the Panjab University, the Indian Institute of Technology, and the National Institute of Fashion Technology.

Chandigarh is a popular tourist destination, and is known for its many attractions, including:

  • The Capitol Complex: This complex houses the High Court, the Secretariat, and the Legislative Assembly. It is considered one of the most important architectural landmarks in India.
  • The Rock Garden: This park features sculptures made of stones, recycled ceramics, and industrial relics. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Chandigarh.
  • The Sukhna Lake: This lake is a popular spot for boating, fishing, and picnicking.
  • The Rose Garden: This garden has over 40,000 roses of different varieties.
  • The Punjab Kala Bhavan: This museum exhibits art and artifacts from Punjab.

3. Map of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

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Lt. Governor & Administrator
Shri Praful Patel (Administrator)

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is a union territory in western India. It was formed on January 26, 2020, by the merger of the former union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. The territory is made up of four separate geographical entities: Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman, and the island of Diu.

  • Dadra is a small enclave within the state of Gujarat.
  • Nagar Haveli is a C-shaped enclave located between the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra which contains a counter enclave of Gujarat around the village of Maghval.
  • Daman is an enclave on the coast of Gujarat.
  • Diu is an island off the coast of Gujarat.

The total area of the union territory is 603 square kilometers. The population is 343,709 (2011 census). The capital of the union territory is Daman.

The official languages of the union territory are Hindi and Gujarati. The major religions are Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity.

The economy of the union territory is based on agriculture, tourism, and small-scale industries. The main crops grown are rice, wheat, and sugarcane. The major tourist attractions are the beaches of Daman and Diu, the forts of Daman and Diu, and the wildlife sanctuaries of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

The union territory is governed by a Lieutenant Governor appointed by the President of India. The legislature of the union territory is unicameral, consisting of a 25-member Legislative Assembly.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu is a beautiful and diverse union territory with a rich history and culture. It is a popular tourist destination and a major economic hub in western India.

4. Map of Delhi

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Lt. Governor & Administrator
Shri Vinai Kumar Saxena (Lieutenant Governor)

Delhi is the capital of India and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It has been ruled by many different dynasties over the centuries, including the Mughals, the British, and the Delhi Sultanate. The city is home to a rich and diverse culture, reflected in its architecture, food, and festivals.

Here are some other interesting facts about Delhi:

  • Delhi is the second most populous city in India, after Mumbai.
  • The city is divided into two parts: Old Delhi and New Delhi.
  • Old Delhi is the historic part of the city, while New Delhi was built by the British in the early 20th century.
  • Delhi is home to many educational institutions, including the University of Delhi, Jamia Millia Islamia, and the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi.
  • The city is also a major transportation hub, with Indira Gandhi International Airport being one of the busiest airports in India.

5. Map of Jammu and Kashmir

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Jammu and Kashmir is a union territory of India in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. It is bordered by the Indian union territory of Ladakh to the east, the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south, Pakistan to the west and north, and China to the northeast. The union territory consists of the southern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947.

The union territory is divided into three regions:

  • Jammu region: This is the most populous region of Jammu and Kashmir. It is mostly Hindu-majority and is known for its mountains, forests, and rivers.
  • Kashmir Valley: This is the most famous region of Jammu and Kashmir. It is known for its lakes, gardens, and snow-capped mountains. The Kashmir Valley is mostly Muslim-majority.
  • Ladakh region: This is the least populous region of Jammu and Kashmir. It is mostly Buddhist-majority and is known for its high altitude deserts, lakes, and mountains.

Jammu and Kashmir is a popular tourist destination, known for its natural beauty, historical sites, and cultural diversity. Some of the popular tourist destinations in Jammu and Kashmir include:

  • Srinagar: The summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, Srinagar is known for its Dal Lake, Hazratbal Shrine, and Mughal gardens.
  • Gulmarg: A hill station in Kashmir Valley, Gulmarg is known for its skiing slopes, meadows, and forests.
  • Pahalgam: A hill station in Kashmir Valley, Pahalgam is known for its Lidder River, meadows, and forests.
  • Leh: The capital of Ladakh region, Leh is known for its Buddhist monasteries, sand dunes, and mountains.
  • Nubra Valley: A valley in Ladakh region, Nubra Valley is known for its sand dunes, glaciers, and Buddhist monasteries.

6. Map of Lakshadweep

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Lakshadweep is an archipelago of 36 islands in the Arabian Sea, off the coast of Kerala, India. It is a union territory of India, with its capital at Kavaratti. The name Lakshadweep means “one lakh islands” (one hundred thousand islands) in Tamil and Sanskrit, though the Laccadive Islands are just one part of the archipelago of no more than a hundred islands.

The islands are spread over an area of about 32 square kilometers (12 sq mi), and have a total population of about 64,000 people. The islands are mostly coral atolls, and are surrounded by shallow lagoons. The climate is tropical, with average temperatures ranging from 25 to 30 degrees Celsius (77 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit).

  • The main economic activities in Lakshadweep are fishing, tourism, and coconut farming. The islands are also home to a number of important bird species, and are a popular destination for birdwatching.
  • Lakshadweep is a popular tourist destination, known for its beautiful beaches, clear waters, and unspoiled natural beauty. The islands are also a popular destination for honeymooners and couples.

7. Map of Puducherry

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Puducherry, formerly known as Pondicherry, is a union territory of India. It is located on the east coast of India, on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal. Puducherry is a former French colony and has a unique blend of French and Indian cultures.

  • The history of Puducherry dates back to the Roman times, but it was the Portuguese who first came to the region in 1523. The French arrived in 1674 and established a trading post. The town of Pondicherry grew rapidly under French rule and became an important trading center.
  • Puducherry was captured by the Dutch in 1693, but it was returned to the French in 1699. The town changed hands several times during the Anglo-French wars of the 18th century. In 1793, the British took control of Puducherry during the French Revolution, but it was returned to France in 1814.
  • Puducherry remained a French colony until 1954, when it was transferred to India. The name of the territory was officially changed to Puducherry in 2006.

 

8.  Map of Ladakh

States and Capitals of India, List of 28 States and 8 UT's 2024_470.1

Ladakh is a cold desert region in the Indian Himalayas. It is bordered by the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east, the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh to the south, both the Indian-administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the Pakistan-administered Gilgit-Baltistan to the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang across the Karakoram Pass in the far north.

  • Ladakh is a land of high mountains, glaciers, and snow-capped peaks. The highest point in Ladakh is K2, the second highest mountain in the world. The region is also home to a number of rivers, including the Indus River, the Zanskar River, and the Shyok River.
  • The climate in Ladakh is cold and dry. The average temperature in Leh, the capital of Ladakh, is -2 degrees Celsius (28 degrees Fahrenheit) in January and 16 degrees Celsius (61 degrees Fahrenheit) in July. The region receives very little rainfall, with an average annual rainfall of only 100 millimeters (4 inches).
  • The people of Ladakh are mostly of Tibetan descent. The main languages spoken in Ladakh are Ladakhi, Balti, and Tibetan. The majority of the people in Ladakh are Buddhist, but there is also a significant Muslim minority.
  • Ladakh is a popular tourist destination for its stunning scenery, its unique culture, and its opportunities for adventure sports such as trekking, mountaineering, and rafting.

Here are some of the popular tourist destinations in Ladakh:

  • Leh: The capital of Ladakh, Leh is a bustling town with a number of historical and cultural attractions, such as the Leh Palace, the Shanti Stupa, and the Jama Masjid.
  • Nubra Valley: A beautiful valley located in the Karakoram Range, Nubra Valley is home to a number of villages, sand dunes, and glaciers.
  • Pangong Lake: A high-altitude lake located in the Himalayas, Pangong Lake is a popular spot for camping, boating, and fishing.
  • Zanskar Valley: A remote valley located in the Zanskar Range, Zanskar Valley is known for its stunning scenery and its Buddhist monasteries.
  • Hemis National Park: A national park located in the Ladakh Range, Hemis National Park is home to a variety of wildlife, including snow leopards, ibex, and marmots.

States and Capitals in India, List of the Indian States and their Languages

India is a country with a rich and diverse linguistic heritage. There are over 121 languages spoken in India, and each state has its own unique linguistic landscape. The Indian Constitution recognizes 22 languages as “scheduled languages,” which are given special status in government and education.

S. No.  States  Language
1 Andhra Pradesh Telugu and Urdu
2 Arunachal Pradesh Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin, Adi, Honpa, Banging-Nishi
3 Assam Assamese
4 Bihar Hindi
5 Chhattisgarh Hindi
6 Goa Marathi Konkani
7 Gujarat Gujarati
8 Haryana Hindi
9 Himachal Pradesh Hindi and Pahari
10 Jharkhand Hindi
11 Karnataka Kannada
12 Kerala Malayalam
13 Madhya Pradesh Hindi
14 Maharashtra Marathi
15 Manipur Manipuri
16 Meghalaya Khashi, Jaintia, And Garo
17 Mizoram Mizo and English
18 Nagaland Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema, and Lotha
19 Odisha Oriya
20 Punjab Punjabi
21 Rajasthan Rajasthani and Hindi
22 Sikkim Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu
23 Tamil Nadu Tamil
24 Telangana Telugu
25 Tripura Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak
26 Uttar Pradesh Hindi
27 Uttarakhand Hindi
28 West Bengal Bengali

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States and Capitals of India, List of 28 States and 8 UT's 2024_480.1

FAQs

How many union territories are there in India?

Presently, India comprises 8 Union Territories.

Which states of India have a common capital?

States of Punjab, Haryana and Union Territory of Chandigarh have a common capital at Chandigarh.
Hyderabad is the common capital of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

Presently, how many States are there in India?

There are 28 States and each State of India has a unique demography, history, culture, dress, festivals, language, etc.

Presently, how many States and UTs are present in our country?

There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country which was in effect from 26th January 2020.

Who is the head of the Union Territories of India?

Lt. Governors & Administrators are considered to be the head of a Union Territories of India.

Name the state which has been bifurcated to make union territory.

Jammu and Kashmir state was split into two new Union Territories: Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.

What are the latest updates on the Union Territories of India?

Daman & Diu got merged with Dadar & Nagar Haveli in 2020.

Which is the smallest Union Territory of India?

Lakshwadeep is the smallest Union Territory of India.

What is the official capital of Republic of India?

New Delhi is the official capital of the Republic of India.

Which is the largest state in India?

Rajasthan (342,239 sq km) is the largest state in India in terms of area. Rajasthan accounts for 10.4 percent of the total country's area.

Which of the following is the smallest state of India?

Goa is the smallest state of India.

What is the difference between a state and a capital?

Although capital represents economic strength and control, the state serves as a political entity with the power to create and enforce laws, oversee social and economic operations, and deliver public goods and services.

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  1. Thanks for this kind information ?. My exams are coming soon and this really helped me alot. Thank you ?

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