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States and Capitals of India, List of 28 States and 8 UT’s 2024

State and Capitals of India

India is a vast country in South Asia, the 7th largest by land area. It is divided into 28 states and 8 union territories, each with its own capital city. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts. New Delhi, located in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, serves as the administrative, political, and cultural capital of India.

The states and capitals of India form a vibrant tapestry, reflecting the nation’s diversity in culture, traditions, and innovation. Exploring these regions is a journey of discovery, bridging the ancient and the modern, the traditional and the contemporary, and showcasing India’s unity in diversity.

The states were reorganized in 1956 based on linguistic lines. Today, India has a total of 28 states and 8 union territories, encompassing 400 cities. The country has eight major metropolitan cities: Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, and Pune. The Prime Minister has initiated a plan to develop 100 smart cities across India, with Indore being recognized as the Smart City for four consecutive years.

List of Indian States and Capitals

Total states in India of 28 states and 8 union territories. Each state adds to India’s cultural tapestry, enriching and energising the country’s identity. The 28 Indian States and their capitals are as follows.

S.NO State Capital CM Governor
1 Andhra Pradesh Amaravati YS Jagan Mohan Reddy S. Abdul Nazer
2 Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar Pema Khandu Kaiwalya Trivikram Parnaik
3 Assam Dispur Himanta Biswa Sarma Gulab Chand Kataria
4 Bihar Patna Nitish Kumar Rajendra Arlekar
5 Chhattisgarh Raipur Vishnu Deo Sai Biswabhusan Harichandan
6 Goa Panaji Pramod Sawant P.S. Sreedharan Pillai
7 Gujarat Gandhinagar Bhupendra Patel Acharya Dev Vrat
8 Haryana Chandigarh Nayab Singh Saini Bandaru Dattatraya
9 Himachal Pradesh Shimla Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu Shiv Pratap Shukla
10 Jharkhand Ranchi Champai Soren C. P. Radhakrishnan
11 Karnataka Bengaluru Siddaramaiah Thaawarchand Gehlot
12 Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Pinarayi Vijayan Arif Mohammed Khan
13 Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Mohan Yadav Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel
14 Maharashtra Mumbai Eknath Shinde Ramesh Bais
15 Manipur Imphal N. Biren Singh
Anusuiya Uikey
16 Meghalaya Shillong Conrad Kongkal Sangma
Phagu Chauhan
17 Mizoram Aizawl Lalduhoma Kambhampati Haribabu
18 Nagaland Kohima Neiphiu Rio
La. Ganesan
19 Odisha Bhubaneswar Naveen Patnaik
Raghubar Das
20 Punjab Chandigarh Bhagwant Singh Mann Banwarilal Purohit
21 Rajasthan Jaipur Bhajan Lal Sharma Kalraj Mishra
22 Sikkim Gangtok PS Golay Lakshman Acharya
23 Tamil Nadu Chennai M. K. Stalin R. N. Ravi
24 Telangana Hyderabad Anumula Revanth Reddy C. P. Radhakrishnan
25 Tripura Agartala Dr. Manik Saha N. Indrasena Reddy
26 Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Yogi Aditya Nath Anandiben Patel
27 Uttarakhand Dehradun Pushkar Singh Dhami Lt. Gen. Gurmit Singh
28 West Bengal Kolkata Mamata Banerjee Dr. C.V. Ananda Bose

Indian Union Territories and Capitals

The capital of India is New Delhi, which is a union territory. The other union territories are Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Lakshadweep, and Puducherry. The states and union territories of India are home to a diverse range of cultures, languages, and religions. They are also home to a wide variety of geographical features, from the snow-capped mountains of the Himalayas to the tropical beaches of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

S.NO Union Territories Capital CM Lt. Governor
1 Andaman and Nicobar Island Port Blair NA D K Joshi
2 Chandigarh Chandigarh NA Banwarilal Purohit
3 Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Daman NA Praful Patel
4 Delhi Delhi Arvind Kejriwal Vinai Kumar Saxena
5 Ladakh NA NA B. D. Mishra
6 Lakshadweep Kavaratti NA Praful Patel
7 Jammu and Kashmir NA NA Manoj Sinha
8 Puducherry Pondicherry N. Rangaswamy C. P. Radhakrishnana

List of the Indian States and their Languages

India is a country with a rich and diverse linguistic heritage. There are over 121 languages spoken in India, and each state has its own unique linguistic landscape. The Indian Constitution recognizes 22 languages as “scheduled languages,” which are given special status in government and education.

S. No.  States  Language
1 Andhra Pradesh Telugu and Urdu
2 Arunachal Pradesh Miji, Apotanji, Merdukpen, Tagin, Adi, Honpa, Banging-Nishi
3 Assam Assamese
4 Bihar Hindi
5 Chhattisgarh Hindi
6 Goa Marathi Konkani
7 Gujarat Gujarati
8 Haryana Hindi
9 Himachal Pradesh Hindi and Pahari
10 Jharkhand Hindi
11 Karnataka Kannada
12 Kerala Malayalam
13 Madhya Pradesh Hindi
14 Maharashtra Marathi
15 Manipur Manipuri
16 Meghalaya Khashi, Jaintia, And Garo
17 Mizoram Mizo and English
18 Nagaland Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema, and Lotha
19 Odisha Oriya
20 Punjab Punjabi
21 Rajasthan Rajasthani and Hindi
22 Sikkim Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu
23 Tamil Nadu Tamil
24 Telangana Telugu
25 Tripura Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak
26 Uttar Pradesh Hindi
27 Uttarakhand Hindi
28 West Bengal Bengali

States and Capitals of India Specialities

States Specialisation
Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh is famous for its spicy food traditions, alongside its historic landmarks such as the Charminar and Golconda Fort in Hyderabad.
Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh is famous for its stunning natural beauty, a rich diversity of tribal traditions, and the Tawang Monastery, which is among the biggest monasteries in India.
Assam Assam is well-known for its lush tea gardens, the unique one-horned rhinoceros found in Kaziranga National Park, vibrant Bihu dance, and the beautiful art of weaving traditional silk.
Bihar Bihar holds a special place in history, with notable landmarks like the ancient city of Patliputra, sacred Buddhist destinations such as Bodh Gaya, and the exquisite Madhubani art.
Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarh is well-known for its tribal culture, abundant mineral reserves, and the breathtaking Chitrakote Waterfall, often referred to as India’s version of the famous Niagara Falls.
Delhi Delhi is renowned for its iconic structures like India Gate and the Istana, which symbolize the challenges the nation has overcome in the past and the aspirations it holds for the future.
Goa Goa is renowned for its stunning shorelines, lively parties, an exceptional mix of Indian and Portuguese traditions, and delicious seafood dishes.
Gujarat Gujarat is famous for its strong presence in industry and commerce, the vast and unique Rann of Kutch desert, lively celebrations such as Navaratri and Diwali, and the Sabarmati Ashram, which is closely linked to Mahatma Gandhi.
Haryana Haryana is famous for its high agricultural output. It’s also a thriving center for various industries. In addition, Chandigarh stands out as a designed city, celebrated for its impressive architecture and well-planned urban layout.
Himachal Pradesh Dharamshala is well-known for its beautiful hill stations, exciting adventure opportunities, peaceful scenery, and the fact that the Dalai Lama lives there.
Jharkhand Jharkhand boasts abundant mineral wealth, celebrates its indigenous tribal heritage, and hosts the stunning Betla National Park.
Karnataka Karnataka is famous for being the ‘Silicon Valley of India’ due to its booming IT sector. It’s also renowned for its rich history with places like Hampi and the beautiful traditional dance form called Bharatanatyam.
Kerala Karnataka is renowned for its diverse attractions, including beautiful landscapes, ancient Ayurvedic traditions, and a notable educational standard.
Maharashtra Karnataka stands out as the ‘Maharashtra of the South,’ much like how Maharashtra is recognized as the economic and cultural hub of India, home to Bollywood, iconic monuments such as the Gateway of India, and popular culinary delights like Vada Pav.
Manipur Widely known for its rich heritage of dance styles such as Manipuri dance, the picturesque Loktak Lake, and the lively festivals it hosts.

FAQs

How many union territories are there in India?

Presently, India comprises 8 Union Territories.

Which states of India have a common capital?

States of Punjab, Haryana and Union Territory of Chandigarh have a common capital at Chandigarh.
Hyderabad is the common capital of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

Presently, how many States are there in India?

There are 28 States and each State of India has a unique demography, history, culture, dress, festivals, language, etc.

Presently, how many States and UTs are present in our country?

There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country which was in effect from 26th January 2020.

Who is the head of the Union Territories of India?

Lt. Governors & Administrators are considered to be the head of a Union Territories of India.

Name the state which has been bifurcated to make union territory.

Jammu and Kashmir state was split into two new Union Territories: Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.

What are the latest updates on the Union Territories of India?

Daman & Diu got merged with Dadar & Nagar Haveli in 2020.

Which is the smallest Union Territory of India?

Lakshwadeep is the smallest Union Territory of India.

What is the official capital of Republic of India?

New Delhi is the official capital of the Republic of India.

Which is the largest state in India?

Rajasthan (342,239 sq km) is the largest state in India in terms of area. Rajasthan accounts for 10.4 percent of the total country's area.

Which of the following is the smallest state of India?

Goa is the smallest state of India.

What is the difference between a state and a capital?

Although capital represents economic strength and control, the state serves as a political entity with the power to create and enforce laws, oversee social and economic operations, and deliver public goods and services.

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